Experiencing skin discoloration or blue lips and nails? If yes, then it is an indication that you might have cyanotic heart disease. It is a term used for describing congenital heart defects causing blood oxygenation, and discoloration of the lips or nails which is known as cyanosis. These conditions exist at birth and affect the heart structure and function leading to the impairment of blood that is oxygen-rich in the body. It is essential to be aware of such conditions so that timely treatment can be considered before it’s too late.
If you are looking for healthcare services, then you can reach out to one of the best cardiac hospitals, BM Birla Heart Research Centre in Kolkata. Once you get in touch with the healthcare professionals here, they will not only offer you the best diagnosis but also ensure providing you with the best treatment with patient care.
In this blog post, we are going to discuss cyanotic congenital heart diseases, their causes, symptoms, and options for treatment, so stick to the end.
Cyanotic congenital heart disease (CCHD) is among the conditions that are present at birth and it leads to causing low oxygen levels in the blood. One of the most common symptoms is blue skin which is referred to as cyanosis. An individual suffering from cyanotic heart disease experiences low levels of oxygen in his/her blood. There are different birth defects that can cause this heart disease type which include:
In various cases, if only one defect is detected, then it means that there is no cyanosis because if there is more than one defect, then it is considered cyanotic heart disease. To confirm the diagnosis, doctors usually involve the use of imaging tests which include chest X-rays and echocardiograms. For treatment, medication is recommended to relieve the CCHD symptoms. However, for infants, there might be a need for surgery to treat the disease and the success entirely depends on the defect severity.
There are two types of cyanotic heart disease which include:
According to healthcare professionals, more research is in-line to understand the primary causes of cyanotic heart disease. However, there are cases that are linked to many factors such as:
People with cyanotic heart disease might begin to observe the symptoms at the initial onset of the illness. It is important to be mindful of the symptoms so that timely treatment can be considered. Here are some of the cyanotic heart disease symptoms:
Cyanotic heart disease diagnosis is initiated by a healthcare expert. It is primarily diagnosed when a child is born and if fetal ultrasound detects any issue with the heart of a baby, then the doctor will recommend a fetal echocardiogram. With this test, doctors can gain detailed access to a baby’s heart through images. There are other test methods also used for diagnosing cyanotic heart diseases which include:
Cyanotic treatment methods entirely rely on the particular defect and its extent. In various cases, surgical interference is required for the underlying abnormalities. There are numerous options for the treatment of cyanotic heart disease which includes:
Cyanotic heart disease involves a range of congenital heart defects that leads to inappropriate blood oxygenation. While it can cause major changes, regular advancements in clinical science and surgical techniques have hugely enhanced the perspective of people who are affected. Early detection, the right treatment, and constant medical care are important for the management of cyanotic heart disease efficiently.
People with cyanotic heart disease can simply lead a life that is fulfilling and accomplish their goals with full potential. The most important step an individual with cyanotic heart disease needs to take is consulting a cardiac healthcare expert on time to manage the disease. If you are diagnosed with the disease, you can reach out to the BM Birla Heart Research Centre as they have the most experienced and talented cardiologists in Kolkata and across the eastern region. All you need to do is book an appointment with them and you are good to go.
Tetralogy of Fallot is identified to be among the common cyanotic diseases.
In congenital cyanotic heart disease, great vessel transportation is not easy, and before birth, oxygenated blood is easy to pass on through ductus arteriosus, however, this arrangement is not compatible with life after birth.
Surgical repair is the best solution for cyanotic heart defect management and other than that regular checkups are important.