Enquire now
Enquire NowCall Back Whatsapp



What is obesity?

Obesity is an intricate and severe illness with various causes leading to a huge amount of body fat and at times, poor health. Body fat doesn’t mean that it is a disease, but when the body has excessive fat, it changes the way the body works. The changes are advances and keep worsening over time and causing adverse effects in the future. 

Fortunately, there are ways for improving health by losing some of the extra fat in the body. Small changes go a long way. Not every weight loss technique works for every individual. In some cases, people have tried losing weight a lot of times, but it is because of health conditions they cannot lose weight. It raises the need for consulting a healthcare professional and dietitian so that the weight loss journey becomes smooth. 

Types of obesity

Healthcare experts have categorized types of obesity into three classes. These three types are representations of BMI. These three classes help the experts in assessing what treatment options are suitable for every individual. Here are these types of obesity: 

  • Class I obesity: BMI 30 to <35 kg/m²
  • Class II obesity: BMI 35 to <40 kg/m²
  • Class III obesity: BMI 40+ kg/m²

Causes of obesity

One of the primary reasons for obesity is consuming extra calories than the body requires. There are many causes of obesity such as: 

  • Fast and convenient food options like ready-to-eat 
  • Sugary and starchy food items including beverages 
  • Marketing and advertising food items involving people into processes food options
  • Psychological factors like boredom, depression, illness, and anxiety 
  • Hormonal imbalances 
  • Using certain medications

When to see a doctor 

If the BMI or body mass index is not as per the bodily requirements, it is very important to consult the doctor immediately. They will diagnose the problem and offer treatment that is right as per individual requirements. Here are the usual requirements to maintain BMI:

BMI and weight status 

  • Below 18.5-Underweight 
  • 18.5-24.9-Healthy 
  • 25.0-29.9-Overweight
  • 30.0 and higher- Obesity

Complications of obesity

Obesity might lead to developing different complications such as:

  • Type 2 diabetes 
  • Cardiovascular diseases
  • Fatty liver diseases
  • Kidney diseases
  • Gallstones 
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Gout 
  • Back pain
  • Female infertility 
  • Depression and anxiety 
  • Certain cancers type

Obesity treatment options

Obesity treatment plan entirely depends on the complete health of a patient. The overall treatment plan often is gradual and includes various factors. Every individual’s body is different so for some patients the changes in treatment might be quick while for some it might take time. Here is the treatment plan usually recommended to the patients: 

  • Dietary changes: This treatment plays an important role as requires personal efforts to lose weight. Some people might lose weight by cutting portion sizes or adding snacks between meals, while for some it is about changing the complete diet. Doctors often recommend including fruits, vegetables, and whole grains in the diet as it keeps the stomach full for long periods. 
  • Increased activity: It is a well-known fact that only making dietary changes won’t help and this is why doctors recommend walking at least 30 minutes a day for five days a week. Making this much change only will go a long way. 
  • Behavioral therapies: Doctors also recommend cognitive behavioral therapy which involves counseling, support groups, and methods. It is helpful in the weight loss journey as this therapy helps in rewiring the brain and supports positive alterations. Therapy also benefits in managing stress and addressing emotional and psychological factors. 
  • Medications: The doctor might involve medicines along with other obesity treatment options. Medicines can intercept the brain pathways affecting hunger. Certain common drugs are recommended such as Orlistat, phentermine, benzphetamine, liraglutide, semaglutide, and bupropion-naltrexone.
  • Bariatric surgery: If the patient is diagnosed with obesity, bariatric surgery is the option. It is a highly-effective and long-term solution. Different bariatic procedures can be considered such as gastric band, duodenal switch, gastric bypass, and gastric sleeve.

Why should you choose BM Birla Heart Research Centre for Obesity Treatment ?

BM Birla Heart Research Centre is the only hospital delivering super specialty cardiac care to patients across the eastern region. The hospital has integrated experienced and professional cardiac surgeons, including the best cardiologists and support staff holding expertise in their fields. They are skilled to manage the intricate cardiology and cardiac surgery requirements. Our hospital incorporates a team of multidisciplinary specialists and some of the best heart surgeons in India with international repute to ensure a high success rate. Our hospital is equipped with modern infrastructure and state-of-the-art technology for wide-ranging diagnosis and personalized care.  So, if you want to book a spirometry test, then consult our health experts now.


Is obesity a disease?

Yes, obesity is an illness that require proper treatment and lifestyle changes like any other disease.


Is obesity hereditary?

Yes, obesity is a hereditary illness passed on from generation to generation.


What leads to obesity?

Obesity is primarirly caused by eating huge amounts of food and not moving at all.

Our Clinical Experts


Mr. Partho Kumar Dey

Learn more

Mr. Nandakishore Singh

Learn more

Ms. Minati

Learn more

Mr. Sudhir Kumar Deo

Learn more

Kamakshi Verma

Learn more

BMB Health Blogs