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A heart attack is a critical medical condition where the blood flow to the heart is severely reduced due to blockage or congestion. The blockage is usually due to prolonged build-up of cholesterol (plaque), fat, etc. that results in coronary heart diseases.
In some cases, the plaque ruptures causing a clot that restricts the blood flow to the heart. Eventually, the lack of blood in the heart may lead to serious damage to the heart muscles. Therefore, it is important to seek medical care from the doctor to restore blood flow and prevent cardiovascular damage.
The heart muscles may get damaged and begin to die. Without treatment, the heart muscles will experience irreversible damage and may die.
There are three types of heart attacks -
Heart attack symptoms vary from one patient to another. Some symptoms can be mild while others can cause severe health issues. Common heart attack symptoms include the following -
One of the leading causes of heart attack involves coronary artery diseases where one or more arteries are blocked. The congestion usually occurs due to the build-up of cholesterol deposits (plaques) that Interrupts the blood flow to the heart. Several risk factors that contribute to coronary heart diseases include -
Usually, a heart attack is often diagnosed in an emergency situation. Your doctor should warn you of any risks that can lead to a heart attack during the medical checkups. Heart attack diagnoses include physical examinations like checking blood pressure, pulse rate, temperature, etc. In addition, the doctor may recommend the following tests to check the overall health of the heart -
Heart attack treatment depends on the type of heart attack you are experiencing. STEMI is the most serious type of heart attack that requires emergency treatment. Heart attack treatment aims to fix the blood flow and restore oxygen levels. The procedure may vary from one patient to another considering the health of the heart and the risk of a major heart attack. Heart attack treatment includes the following -
Medications - Doctors prescribe medications to reduce blood clotting and improve the blood flow to the heart. For patients with NSTEMI or unstable angina, blood thinning medicines can make the blood less sticky and less likely to form clots. There are a number of medicines to manage mild to moderate heart attack symptoms, some of which include -
Surgery - In case a patient experiences a heart attack, the doctor may also recommend surgical intervention to open blocked arteries and improve blood flow. Surgical procedures for heart attack treatment include the following -
Heart attack prevention aims at improving the health of the heart and reducing the risk factors that can contribute to the blockage of the arteries. Get regular checkups with the doctor to examine the heart condition and analyze and risk of a heart attack. Here are some ways that can help improve your heart health -
A heart attack is a condition where the blood flow to the heart is severely reduced or obstructed due to the build-up of fat, cholesterol, etc. Cardiac arrest, on the other hand, refers to the abrupt loss of heart function, breathing, and consciousness. A heart attack is a plumbing issue while cardiac arrest is an electrical malfunction.
Most heart attacks begin with discomfort in the center or left side of the chest. The feeling may last for more than a few minutes and may come and go away. You may feel chest pain and pressure followed by weakness and lightheadedness.
Chronic heart diseases and congestion in the arteries can damage the heart muscles. Potential complications of heart disease include the following -
Here are some tips to recover from a heart attack -
Cardiovascular problems are one of the most common diseases associated with mortality. Lack of physical activity, modern lifestyle, unhealthy eating habits, lack of nutrition, and various other socio-economic conditions – have increased cardiovascular problems. Even though multiple medical treatments are available to treat heart issues, a pacemaker remains one of the most important advances in providing care for heart patients.
A Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement (TAVR) or Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI) is a surgical method performed to repair a compromised, blocked or narrowed artery which was causing disruption in the blood and oxygen supply to the heart. This surgical procedure is recommended for patients who have higher risk or are too sick, or too old for an open heart surgery.
Heart failure is a serious condition marked by the inefficiency of the heart muscles to pump blood to different parts of the body. Also referred to as congestive heart failure, the condition can prove to be life-threatening if not addressed immediately. Such patients are often recommended to undergo a heart transplant, a surgical procedure that involves the replacement of a diseased or non-functional part of the patient’s heart with a healthy heart taken from a deceased donor.