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Resistant hypertension is a health condition that emerges when an individual’s blood pressure is high and doesn’t respond to the clinical treatment aggressively. Hypertension these days has become one of the primary health issues among every age group particularly in adults due to their lifestyle and day-to-day hectic schedules.
The problem becomes more worsening when a person on medication for resistant hypertension doesn’t see any progress. Hypertension is resistant when:
People experiencing difficulty to treat resistant hypertension problems are at a greater risk of heart stroke, failure, and heart attack.
Resistant hypertension is not a health condition that can be overlooked. So, for the appropriate resistant hypertension treatment, it is crucial to identify the resistant hypertension causes of it. Here are the causes that contribute massively.
There are secondary factors as well which are treatable but cause resistant hypertension. These factors are primary hyperaldosteronism or excessive hormonal formation, renal artery stenosis, chronic kidney disease, sleep apnoea, adrenal gland tumour, aortic narrowing, and Cushing syndrome or over-formation of steroid hormones.
Resistant hypertension is a health problem that one can experience without any warning signs or symptoms. So, the best method to understand if your blood pressure is high, get it checked by your doctor.
Although, one can feel the symptoms when blood pressure increases and during hypertensive situations when BP is at its high level. The symptoms might involve breath shortness, nose bleeding, headache, and chest pain.
Always remember that feeling dizziness is not a sign of high levels of blood pressure but can be a symptom of low levels. If you are experiencing dizziness frequently or if it is unexplained then make sure to consult a doctor at the earliest as it can be a sign of some serious health issue.
People who are at risk of experiencing the problem of resistant hypertension include old age individuals, people suffering from chronic kidney diseases, diabetes, etc. So, it is important for these people specifically to check their blood pressure frequently.
It is also studied that nowadays around half of the population experiencing hypertension have a resistant form. There are generic resistant hypertension risk factors such as obesity, diabetes, lack of activity, smoking, and alcohol.
You must consult a doctor at the earliest when you experience blood pressure rising from 130/80 to 180/120 or even higher. Also, when you are frequently observing the symptoms of breath shortness, weakness, numbness, or chest pain, you should immediately seek the doctor's assistance.
Different methods are followed for resistant hypertension diagnosis by a doctor. Here is how the doctor will identify the problem so that the right resistant hypertension treatment is recommended.
The doctor may also identify the damage to any organ that might have happened because of high blood pressure through tests like ECG or electrocardiogram, chest X-ray, echocardiogram, urinalysis, and fundoscopic eye to identify the damaged eye blood vessels.
Resistant hypertension treatment depends on the suspected existing cause. For instance, when your surgeon discovers that there is another problem leading to high blood pressure, then they will begin the treatment for the underlying condition so that blood pressure goes down.
There are other options for the treatment that involves lifestyle changes which an individual can include such as:
In around 40% of the cases, medications for resistant hypertension don’t work because patients don’t take them correctly. It is important to understand that if you want the medications to work, then the dose should be taken at the recommended time and the right number of times every day.
If you are facing any issues while taking your medications for resistant hypertension, get in touch with your doctor. He/she can define the side effects and can also prescribe you another medicine. You have to ensure you are not averting yourself from taking medicine.
On the other hand, if you take your medications for resistant hypertension treatment and still face the problem, then your doctor will switch to another medicine. The common group of hypertension includes calcium channel blockers, diuretics, and inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers- ARBs.
As per the studies, a diuretic is a very effective medicine for resistant hypertension treatment.
BM Birla heart research center is a cardiac health service provider and has been established with the motive of a healthy India. We should be your pick because we realize that “when it’s about heart, time can mean everything”.
We are a state-of-the-art hospital delivering exceptional heart care services for decades. BMBHRC is the only cardiac center in eastern India endeavoring to form a superlative cardiac care delivery system, synergizing clinical skills with empathetic patient care.
The dynamic and highly qualified cardiac specialists ensure putting their best efforts to offer their best services. We deliver a comprehensive range of medical, interventional, and surgical care.
It also includes the full spectrum of specialty support services for in and out-patients.
Here are our main strengths which is why you must get in touch with us for any cardiac-related issue involving resistant hypertension problems:
Resistant hypertension is a condition that causes the risk of heart diseases such as stroke, failure, and heart attack. Hence, it is important to keep your BP in check and get your heart diagnosis done frequently.
You can consult BMBHRC anytime you want and we will be there for you.
It is recommended to follow these steps if you are trying to prevent resistant hypertension such as:
There are varied causes of resistant hypertension that also include existing clinical conditions, although all of them are reversible.
Your body has the efficiency of forming a flow of hormones when you are under stressful conditions. As a result, it causes the issue of increasing your blood pressure temporarily which means your heart beats faster and narrows the blood vessels.
However, when it comes to stress as the reason for causing the issue of resistant hypertension then there is no evidence to prove this. The research is under process to comprehend if stress can cause high blood pressure in the long term.
If you are regularly taking your prescribed medication for resistant hypertension, then it is recommended that you consult your doctor again. He/she might prescribe you another medication and will also share the information on side effects. Make sure to take medicines daily and not avoid them because of any side effects you experience.
As soon as you observe any symptoms, make sure to tell your doctor immediately.
Yes, lack of sleep is one of resistant hypertension causes among both adults and children. It has been researched that factors like sleep disturbances, stress, shift work, and jet lag leads to developing heart diseases and risk factors for heart diseases.
Aldosterone is known to be a steroid hormone and adrenal glands are responsible for its secretion. The primary role is regulating salt and water in the body which directly affects blood pressure hence causing the issue of resistant hypertension.
Cardiovascular problems are one of the most common diseases associated with mortality. Lack of physical activity, modern lifestyle, unhealthy eating habits, lack of nutrition, and various other socio-economic conditions – have increased cardiovascular problems. Even though multiple medical treatments are available to treat heart issues, a pacemaker remains one of the most important advances in providing care for heart patients.
A Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement (TAVR) or Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI) is a surgical method performed to repair a compromised, blocked or narrowed artery which was causing disruption in the blood and oxygen supply to the heart. This surgical procedure is recommended for patients who have higher risk or are too sick, or too old for an open heart surgery.
Heart failure is a serious condition marked by the inefficiency of the heart muscles to pump blood to different parts of the body. Also referred to as congestive heart failure, the condition can prove to be life-threatening if not addressed immediately. Such patients are often recommended to undergo a heart transplant, a surgical procedure that involves the replacement of a diseased or non-functional part of the patient’s heart with a healthy heart taken from a deceased donor.