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What Is An Echocardiogram?

An echocardiogram is a non-invasive imaging technique used to evaluate the heart's function and structure. It is one of the most commonly performed cardiac diagnostic tests and is often used to diagnose and monitor various heart conditions. 

There are different techniques that are used by the doctor during echocardiography including 2D, 3D, Doppler, and strain echocardiography, to provide detailed and accurate information about the heart's structures and functions. Echocardiography plays a crucial role in diagnosing and monitoring various heart conditions, and it is an essential tool in the field of cardiology.

What Are The Types of Echocardiograms?

There are several types of echocardiograms, each offering unique benefits in diagnosing and managing heart diseases. Common types of echocardiograms involve -

  • Transthoracic Echocardiogram (TTE): It is the most common type of echocardiogram in which an ultrasound probe is placed on the chest wall to generate images of the heart's structure and function. It is a non-invasive and painless test that takes about 30 minutes to complete.
  • Transesophageal Echocardiogram (TEE): It is a more invasive type of echocardiogram in which a tiny probe is inserted into the esophagus to get a clearer view of the heart's structures and functions. TEE is usually done under sedation and takes around 30-45 minutes to complete.
  • Stress Echocardiogram - It is a type of echocardiogram that is performed during or after exercise or medication-induced stress. The aim is to assess the heart's function and blood flow under stress.
  • Fetal Echocardiogram - It is an echocardiogram performed on pregnant women to evaluate the fetal heart's structure and function.

When Do Doctors Recommend A Echocardiogram?

Echocardiograms are used to evaluate the heart's function and structure and diagnose various heart conditions such as - 

What Are The Different Techniques Used In Echocardiogram?

The doctor may use different techniques in echocardiography, some of which are as follows - 

  • 2D Echocardiography - It is the most basic and widely used technique that produces two-dimensional images of the heart's structures and functions.
  • 3D Echocardiography - It is an advanced technique that uses multiple 2D images to create a 3D image of the heart. It provides a more detailed and accurate image of the heart's structures and functions.
  • Doppler Echocardiography - It is a technique that uses ultrasound waves to measure the speed and direction of blood flow in the heart and blood vessels.
  • Strain Echocardiography - It is a technique that measures the deformation or strain of the heart muscle to evaluate its function.

Why Choose BM Birla Heart Research Centre for Echocardiogram in Kolkata?

BM Birla Heart Research Centre is a super speciality hospital with modern infrastructure and state-of-the-art technology in Kolkata. BM Birla Heart Research Centre is the only hospital offering super speciality cardiac care in the entire eastern India. With a 200+ bed capacity, cardiac rehabilitation services, cath labs and modular OTs, BM Birla Heart Research Centre has made a mark with its singular focus on the treatment of a variety of cardiac ailments. Here are a few advantages of choosing BM Birla Heart Research Centre for an Echocardiogram in Kolkata -

  • Highly qualified and experienced cardiologists
  • Cutting-edge technology and the latest medical equipment
  • Transparent pricing structure for cost-effective treatment. 
  • Patient-centric high-quality care for a high success rate


Is ECG and Echocardiogram the same?

An echocardiogram and an electrocardiogram (ECG) are both used to check your heart but produce different types of visuals. An echocardiogram produces moving pictures of your heart whereas EKG produces a graph, rather than pictures of the heart.

Can an echocardiogram detect heart disease?

An echocardiogram can help detect the following heart conditions - 

  • Congenital heart disease
  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Infective endocarditis
  • Pericardial disease
  • Valve disease
  • Aortic aneurysm
  • Blood clots
  • A cardiac tumor

Is echocardiogram invasive?

No, an echocardiogram is a non-invasive procedure that uses sound waves at high frequencies to assess the heart's function and structures. 

Is an echocardiogram painful?

Echocardiograms are usually painless and safe procedures which do not involve any invasion. However, you may feel minor discomfort when the doctor removes electrodes that are taped to the skin. 

How long does an echocardiogram take?

An echocardiogram usually takes 40 to 60 minutes. However, the time can vary depending on the severity of the condition, patient’s health, etc. On the other hand, transesophageal echo may take up to 90 minutes.

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