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Coronary heart disease (CHD) refers to the narrowing of the arteries and blood vessels that supply oxygen and blood to the heart. It is one of the leading causes of death worldwide affecting the adult population. Often known as coronary artery disease, the condition is used to describe a variety of diseases that affect the functioning of the heart.
The primary cause of coronary heart disease is associated with the build-up of fatty deposits called plaques that accumulate on the artery walls. Gradually, the plaques begin to cause congestion which obstructs the blood flow to the heart. CHD may also be caused due to blood clots, known as coronary occlusion.
Besides high cholesterol, there are several risk factors that contribute to the congestion which can lead to coronary heart disease. Some of the risk factors such as -
Coronary heart disease symptoms can mimic other conditions which can create a feeling of panic among the patients. Common symptoms include chest pain and breathlessness. However, depending on the medical condition of the patient, some symptoms may be silent and are not discovered until diagnosed. Common coronary heart diseases symptoms include the following-
Get in touch with the doctor in case you are experiencing any of the symptoms as it can increase the risk of a heart attack.
Diagnosis for coronary heart disease usually involves a combination of physical examination and diagnostic tests. The doctor will assess the risk for cardiovascular diseases, heart attack or stroke by examining your medical or family history and checking your blood pressure and cholesterol levels.
Furthermore, the doctor may recommend diagnostic tests that can confirm CHD. Coronary heart disease diagnosis includes imagining tests and lab tests like -
Coronary heart disease treatment aims at reducing the risks that can cause congestion in the arteries carrying blood to the heart. It involves a combination of lifestyle changes, medications and in severe cases, surgery. Medications and lifestyle changes may not treat coronary heart disease but can help manage the symptoms and prevent a fatality. Surgical procedures, on the other hand, can provide long-term health benefits and improve quality of life.
In some patients, the coronary heart condition can lead to a heart attack which requires immediate attention. In such scenarios, surgical intervention becomes inevitable. The doctor may recommend the following measures for coronary heart disease treatment depending on the medical condition of the patient -
Coronary heart disease prevention involves reducing the buildup of cholesterol and other fat in the arteries carrying blood to the heart. The doctor may recommend dietary changes and lifestyle habits from time to time depending on the severity of symptoms for a healthy heart. Here are some preventive measures that can promote a healthy heart and prevent CHD -
High cholesterol levels are caused due to excessive intake of saturated fat in the diet. This can lead to congestion in the arteries carrying blood and oxygen to the heart. Moreover, processed foods containing trans fats can also lead to higher cholesterol levels.
Yes, untreated coronary heart disease can cause the following complications -
The best doctor for your coronary heart disease must specialize in performing advanced heart surgeries. Since heart diseases are common in the older population, the doctor must also have experience in treating patients with comorbidities for a high success rate.
The risk of coronary heart disease increases for women after their menopause. Coronary heart diseases are one of the leading causes of death in women aged 40 to 60. Get in touch with the doctor for regular heart checkups to avoid the risk of heart congestion.
Coronary heart disease can cause a heart attack if the congestion in the arteries causes significant blood clots. Prolonging the treatment can cause heart muscles to die which can gradually lead to heart attack, stroke or even death.
Cardiovascular problems are one of the most common diseases associated with mortality. Lack of physical activity, modern lifestyle, unhealthy eating habits, lack of nutrition, and various other socio-economic conditions – have increased cardiovascular problems. Even though multiple medical treatments are available to treat heart issues, a pacemaker remains one of the most important advances in providing care for heart patients.
A Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement (TAVR) or Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI) is a surgical method performed to repair a compromised, blocked or narrowed artery which was causing disruption in the blood and oxygen supply to the heart. This surgical procedure is recommended for patients who have higher risk or are too sick, or too old for an open heart surgery.
Heart failure is a serious condition marked by the inefficiency of the heart muscles to pump blood to different parts of the body. Also referred to as congestive heart failure, the condition can prove to be life-threatening if not addressed immediately. Such patients are often recommended to undergo a heart transplant, a surgical procedure that involves the replacement of a diseased or non-functional part of the patient’s heart with a healthy heart taken from a deceased donor.