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What Is a Myocarditis?

Myocarditis is a medical disorder associated with the inflammation of the heart muscles (myocardium). The condition weakens the heart muscles making it difficult for the heart to pump blood to the different parts of the body. The condition can occur slowly over time or quickly depending on the lifestyle of the individual.

Myocarditis condition usually varies from other types of inflammation as the former can affect different parts of the heart. For example, pericarditis affects the sac around the heart, and on the other hand, endocarditis is the inflammation of the heart valve. Get in touch with our cardiologists for comprehensive diagnosis and effective myocarditis treatment in Kolkata. 


What Are the Symptoms Of a Myocarditis?

Symptoms of myocarditis often develop gradually or abruptly. Some patients often have no symptoms while others may experience mild to moderate signs. Myocarditis symptoms often feel like chest pain, shortness of breath, fatigued, palpitations, etc. However, as the condition becomes severe, the patient may also exhibit signs of heart failure. Common signs and symptoms of myocarditis include - 

  • Fever
  • Heart palpitations
  • Abdominal pain
  • Lightheadedness
  • Abnormal heart rhythm
  • Fainting
  • No appetite
  • Swelling in the legs or feet
  • Sore throat
  • Diarrhoea
  • Flu-like symptoms such as headache, body aches, joint pain, etc. 

Myocarditis symptoms in children are not very different from adults. Initial signs include -

What Are The Different Types Of Myocarditis?

Doctors classify different types of myocarditis depending on the locations and extent of inflammation. Rare types of myocarditis include the following - 

  • Lymphocytic myocarditis
  • Giant cell myocarditis
  • Fulminant myocarditis
  • Eosinophilic myocarditis

What Are The Causes Of Myocarditis?

Myocarditis is commonly caused by infections which can be either due to a medical reason or some drugs and chemicals. While the exact cause of inflammation is still unknown, doctors often associate the following with the myocarditis causes - 

  • Viruses
  • Bacteria
  • Parasites
  • Fungi
  • Chemicals or radiations
  • Inflammatory diseases

Side effects from certain medications can also progress the condition. These medications include - 

  • Medications for the heart
  • Antidepressants
  • Diuretics
  • Benzodiazepines
  • Medicines for psychiatric problems
  • Seizures medicines
  • Antibiotic
  • Weight loss medications

Additionally, certain risk factors which can increase the possibility of myocarditis are - 

  • Excessive consumption of drugs and alcohol
  • Lead
  • Spider bites
  • Wasp stings
  • Snakebites
  • Chemotherapy and radiation therapy

When Should I Consult The Doctor for Myocarditis?

Get in touch with the cardiologist if your myocarditis symptoms do not improve with OTC medicines and other non-surgical procedures. Most patients with infection, chronic chest pain, breathing difficulties, or initial signs of heart attack must seek medical assistance etc.

How Is Myocarditis Diagnosed?

Early diagnosis of myocarditis can help prevent long-term heart damage. Myocarditis diagnosis involves a combination of physical examinations and symptom analysis which can help determine the extent and severity of the disease. Furthermore, the specialist may also recommend several diagnostic tests to confirm myocarditis - 

  • Blood Tests
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG)
  • Chest X-ray
  • Heart MRI (Cardiac MRI)
  • Echocardiogram
  • Cardiac catheterization and heart muscle biopsy
  • MRI (magnetic resonance imaging)
  • Heart biopsy
  • PET (positron emission tomography) scan
  • Cardiac catheterization

What Are The Different Treatment Methods For Myocarditis?

Mild to moderate symptoms of myocarditis often resolve on their own. But in the case of severe symptoms, treatment becomes imperative. Prolonging the treatment can also increase the risk of complications and eventually lead to heart failure. Pathophysiology of myocarditis depends on the severity of the condition and the availability of medical equipment in the facility. 

The doctor may recommend non-surgical and surgical methods depending on the severity of the condition. For mild to moderate symptoms, the doctor prescribes medications such as corticosteroids to suppress the immune system along with certain heart medications to manage irregular heartbeats. However, for severe symptoms, surgical intervention becomes inevitable. Surgical procedures for myocarditis symptoms include the following - 

Why Choose BM Birla for Myocarditis Treatment in Kolkata?

BM Birla Heart Research Centre is a super speciality hospital with modern infrastructure and state-of-the-art technology in Kolkata. BM Birla Heart Research Centre is the only hospital offering super speciality cardiac care in the entire eastern India. With a 200+ bed capacity, cardiac rehabilitation services, cath labs and modular OTs, BM Birla Heart Research Centre has made a mark with its singular focus on the treatment of a variety of cardiac ailments. Here are a few advantages of choosing BM Birla Heart Research Centre for Myocarditis treatment in Kolkata:

  • Highly qualified and experienced cardiologists
  • Cutting-edge technology and the latest medical equipment
  • Transparent pricing structure for cost-effective treatment. 
  • Patient-centric high-quality care for a high success rate

Get in touch with our expert heart specialists at BM Birla Heart Research Centre, Kolkata for complete cardiac care. 

How Can I Prevent Myocarditis?

Myocarditis symptoms can be managed with lifestyle changes and dietary restrictions. Additionally, the doctor also provides precautionary measures which can prevent the condition from progressing further. The aim is to inculcate heart-healthy habits which are an important part of myocarditis treatment as well as prevention. Here are a few healthy-healthy habits which can help you prevent cardiac disorders - 

  • Limit salt intake in the food
  • Limit alcohol consumption
  • Quit smoking and consuming tobacco products
  • Regularly go for your follow-up appointments with the doctor
  • Keep taking prescribed medicines


Whom should I consult for my myocarditis treatment?

Get in touch with a cardiologist for your myocarditis treatment. Cardiologists specialise in diagnosing and treating conditions related to the heart. Call us to book an appointment with the leading cardiologists for the comprehensive pathophysiology of myocarditis.

What are the complications of prolonged myocarditis?

There can be rare chances of complications if the condition is left untreated - 

  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Pericarditis

Who is at risk of myocarditis?

Here are certain conditions which can put you at risk of myocarditis - 

  • If you are young (However, the condition can affect any age group)
  • If you are a male
  • If you consume excessive alcohol and tobacco

What questions should I ask my doctor before the treatment?

Here are some questions which can help you get a better perspective on myocarditis- 

  • How did it occur?
  • Are the symptoms severe?
  • Will I require surgery?
  • Can my condition be cured with medications?
  • What is the cost estimate of the myocarditis procedure?

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