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COMPLETE AND COMPREHENSIVE Hypertrophic Obstructive Cardiomyopathy (HOCM)

Hypertrophic Obstructive Cardiomyopathy (HOCM)

What Is Hypertrophic Obstructive Cardiomyopathy (HOCM)?

Hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy is a medical condition that affects the heart muscles causing them to enlarge. The enlargement results in the thickening of the ventricles (lower heart chambers), stiffness in the left ventricular, and changes in the mitral valve which makes it difficult for the heat to pump the blood. 

HOCM disease often remains undetected due to many patients experiencing minor or no symptoms at all. However, early signs of thickened heart muscles can become evident if the condition persists. Get in touch with us to book an appointment with the best cardiologists in Kolkata for hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) treatment.

What Are the Symptoms Of a Hypertrophic Obstructive Cardiomyopathy (HOCM)?

Hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy symptoms vary depending on the severity of the medical disorder. While most patients may not experience any symptoms at all, other symptoms become apparent which can indicate the heart’s inefficiency in properly regulating the blood. Symptoms of hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) include the following -

  • Chest pain or discomfort
  • Fatigue
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Breathing issues
  • Heart palpitations

How Does Hypertrophic Obstructive Cardiomyopathy (HOCM) Occur?

The primary cause of HOCM disease is associated with a mutation in the genes which causes the heart muscles to thicken. Heredity is usually the primary cause of gene mutation which means individuals are at a high risk of developing HOCM disease if either of the parents were diagnosed with the condition. 

HOCM affects the muscular wall which is located between the two chambers of the heart that blocks the blood flow out of the heart. Hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy causes may remain unknown in some patients but cardiologists often warn about certain risk factors like high blood pressure, ageing, etc. which can also lead to enlargement of the heart muscles.

When Should I Consult The Doctor for Hypertrophic Obstructive Cardiomyopathy Treatment?

Get in touch with the doctor in case you are experiencing the following - 

  • Rapid or irregular heartbeat
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Chest pain
  • Feeling of fast pounding heartbeats

How Is HOCM Diagnosed?

The cardiologists examine your symptoms along with the medical history report. The doctor may also check your heartbeat for any sign of murmuring. Furthermore, the doctor may recommend the following tests to confirm the disease - 

  • Echocardiogram
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG)
  • Chest x-ray
  • Cardiac MRI
  • Cardiac catheterization
  • Stress Test
  • Blood Tests

What Are The Different Treatment Methods For HOCM?

Hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy treatment aims to relieve symptoms and prevent the risk of sudden cardiac death. Depending on the medical condition of the patient, degree of enlargement, availability of medical equipment, etc. the doctor suggests several treatment options. You must also consult a doctor if you have HOCM and are pregnant or thinking about pregnancy. Treatment options for hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy include the following - 

  • Medications
  • Beta-blockers
  • Calcium channel blockers
  • Heart rhythm drugs
  • Blood thinners
  • Surgical intervention
  • Septal Myectomy
  • Septal Ablation
  • Implantable Cardio-defibrillator (ICD)

Why Choose BM Birla for Hypertrophic Obstructive Cardiomyopathy (HOCM) Treatment in Kolkata?

BM Birla Heart Research Centre is a super speciality hospital with modern infrastructure and state-of-the-art technology in Kolkata. BM Birla Heart Research Centre is the only hospital offering super speciality cardiac care in the entire eastern India. With a 200+ bed capacity, cardiac rehabilitation services, cath labs and modular OTs, BM Birla Heart Research Centre has made a mark with its singular focus on the treatment of a variety of cardiac ailments. Here are a few advantages of choosing BM Birla Heart Research Centre for hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) treatment in Kolkata:

  • Highly qualified and experienced cardiologists
  • Cutting-edge technology and the latest medical equipment
  • Transparent pricing structure for cost-effective treatment. 
  • Patient-centric high-quality care for a high success rate

Get in touch with our expert heart specialists at BM Birla Heart Research Centre, Kolkata for complete cardiac care. 


Whom should I consult for my Hypertrophic Obstructive Cardiomyopathy (HOCM) treatment?

Get in touch with a cardiologist for your HOCM treatment. Cardiologists specialise in diagnosing and treating disorders related to the heart. Call us to book an appointment with some of the best cardiologists in Kolkata for effective treatment.

Can I prevent HOCM disease?

No, there is no way to prevent the disease if it is caused due to genetic mutation. However, there are certain lifestyle changes and dietary restrictions which can help manage the symptoms of HOCM.

Who is at risk of sudden cardiac death due to HOCM disease?

People with HOCM disease are at an increased risk of sudden cardiac death in case - 

  • They have a family history of sudden cardiac death
  • Young patients who frequently faint (syncope)
  • An abnormal blood pressure response with exercise
  • History of arrhythmia (abnormally fast heart rate)
  • Severe symptoms and poor heart health

What are the complications of Hypertrophic Obstructive Cardiomyopathy (HOCM)?

Prolonged HOCM disease can lead to the following complications - 

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