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What is an aneurysm?

An aneurysm is a condition which causes artery enlargement due to arterial wall weakness. This condition occurs when the pressure of the blood forces the weakest artery to balloon outward or if there is a weakening of blood vessels for a different reason. It is an abnormal bulge in the blood vessel wall which can rupture, leading to internal bleeding and often causes death. Usually, this condition doesn’t cause any symptoms, so it becomes difficult to identify even when it’s large. It affects the aorta, thoracic aortic, brain, blood vessels in other body parts, and abdominal aortic.

Types of aneurysm

There are different types of the aneurysm such as:

  • Abdominal aortic aneurysm
  • Cerebral aneurysm
  • Peripheral aneurysm
  • Thoracic aortic aneurysm
  • Carotid aneurysm
  • Popliteal aneurysm
  • Mesenteric artery aneurysm
  • Splenic artery aneurysm

Aneurysm symptoms

The most common aneurysm symptoms are:

  • Confusion
  • Nausea
  • Dizziness
  • Abdominal pain
  • Chest or back pain
  • Fatigue
  • Headache
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Irregular heart rate or fast heartbeat
  • Changes in vision
  • Swelling in the neck and pulsating abdominal mass

Aneurysm causes

There are various aneurysm causes which include:

  • High blood pressure
  • Injury to the aorta
  • Aneurysms family history
  • Atherosclerosis

Aneurysms diagnosis

The healthcare expert will begin asking questions linked to the patient’s medical history, and family history for aneurysm diagnosis. After gaining the information, the doctor will begin with a physical exam which involves:

  • Listening to arteries in the neck
  • Checking blood pressure
  • Listening to the heart
  • Feeling abdomen for a mass
  • Looking for popliteal aneurysms

If the doctor suspects that the patient has an aorta aneurysm, then the doctor will order an ultrasound test. CT scan is also ordered to identify if an aneurysm is in the chest. An MRI test is also recommended to identify an aneurysm in the aorta and blood vessels.

What are the options for aneurysm treatment?

After assessing the condition, the doctor will recommend an aneurysm treatment depending on the symptoms of an individual. Treatment aims to avert the aneurysm from bursting. Treatment might involve medications and surgery depending on its size, location, and type. The doctor generally prescribes medications that help in improving the blood flow, and blood pressure and manage cholesterol levels.

There are different surgical options recommended by the doctor if an aneurysm bursting is suspected. Here are these options:

  • Endovascular aneurysm repair or EVAR
  • Open surgery
  • Endovascular coiling
  • Microvascular clipping
  • Catheter embolization

Aneurysm prevention

Here are some tips that benefit in preventing aneurysms:

  • Make sure to eat a heart-healthy diet
  • Quit smoking
  • Quit alcohol
  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Exercise daily

Why should you choose BM Birla heart research centre for aneurysm treatment?

BM Birla heart research centre is a cardiac healthcare service that has been founded with the goal of healthy India. We are a state-of-the-art hospital offering matchless heart care services for decades. BMBHRC is the only cardiac centre in eastern India endeavouring to form an unmatched cardiac care delivery system, synergizing medical skills with compassionate patient care. The self-motivated and highly trained cardiac specialists put their best efforts to offer their best services. So, if you are looking for aneurysm treatment, then consult our specialists now.


Can stress cause an aneurysm?

There is no research which proves that stress causes an aneurysm, but it is found that stress and strong emotions like aggressiveness or being upset increases blood pressure and causes an aneurysm to burst.

How do you get an aneurysm?

According to research, it is found that high blood pressure is the primary cause of aneurysms.

Which aneurysm is most common?

An abdominal aortic aneurysm is identified to be among the most common types. 

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