Sudden cardiac arrest is a medical condition which causes abrupt loss of heart function. The condition is usually a result of an electric malfunction in the heart that triggers an irregular heartbeat. This disrupts the blood flow to the brain and other parts of the body. As a result, the individual loses consciousness within minutes and has no pulse. The patient can even die if the treatment is not received immediately.
Sudden cardiac arrest is different from a heart attack as the former is an electrical issue whereas the latter is caused due to congestion in the coronary arteries in the heart. Since both are dangerous, it is important to consult the doctor and determine heart health to reduce the risk of complications.
Most cardiac arrest symptoms are immediate and drastic where the patient can feel a fast-beating, fluttering or pounding heartbeat. The symptoms can last for a few minutes to even hours before the patient is taken to the hospital. Cardiac arrest symptoms can mimic health issues like gas, heartburn, etc. Therefore, it is only after a comprehensive diagnosis, the doctor can assess the heart condition. Sudden cardiac arrest symptoms include the following -
Doctors associate sudden cardiac arrest causes with electrical malfunctions in the heart that causes irregular heartbeat. Irregular heart rhythm (arrhythmia) can cause the heart to beat too slowly or too fast which can eventually cause heart failure.
Most cardiac arrests are a result of arrhythmias in the lower chamber (ventricle) of the heart. In addition, prolonging certain medical conditions can also increase the risk of sudden cardiac arrest. Sudden cardiac arrest causes include the following -
Apart from that, there are certain risk factors which can impact heart health and eventually increase the risk of several cardiac disorders. Risk Factors for Cardiac Arrest Include -
Cardiac arrest can occur suddenly. Therefore it is important to get immediate medical care to ensure high chances of survival. Call for medical help or seek emergency assistance in case you or anyone around you gets suddenly unconscious due to shortness of breath.
Moreover, heart palpitations, chest discomfort, rapid or irregular heartbeats, unexplained wheezing, etc. are early warning signs and symptoms of sudden cardiac arrest which require immediate attention. Get in touch with our leading cardiologists for comprehensive diagnosis and emergency treatment for complete cardiac care. BM Birla also provides 24X7 Ambulance services and cardiac care unit to ensure high success rate.
Most sudden cardiac arrests are immediate and usually diagnosed after the patient is brought to the ER. However, regular health checkups can detect any abnormal function in the heart which can lead to other cardiovascular disorders. For mild to moderate symptoms, the doctor may perform physical tests and recommend several tests for accurate diagnosis. Sudden cardiac diagnosis includes the following tests to determine heart health and assess the risk of cardiovascular diseases -
Most patients with cardiac arrest usually require emergency treatment. However, sudden cardiac arrest treatment also depends on the severity of the condition, the medical health of the patient and the type of surgery. Initially, CPR is crucial to maintain the flow of oxygen-rich blood to the different parts of the body. You can either perform CPR on the patient or call for an ambulance for immediate treatment.
In case there is an existing medical condition which can increase the risk of a sudden cardiac arrest or a heart attack, the doctor recommends surgical and non-surgical treatment options to improve the health of the heart. Sudden cardiac arrest treatment includes the following options -
Medications - Doctors prescribe medications to treat arrhythmias and improve the blood flow to the heart. While medications are effective for mild to moderate symptoms, they may not provide relief for long term health issues. Therefore, in that case, surgical intervention is the only choice depending on the patient’s medical condition and preference. Medications for sudden cardiac arrest treatment include -
Surgical Intervention - In case a patient experiences frequent cardiac arrest, the doctor may also recommend surgical intervention to either treat the condition or place an implant. Surgical procedures for sudden cardiac arrest include the following -
BM Birla Heart Research Centre is a super speciality hospital with modern infrastructure and state-of-the-art technology in Kolkata. BM Birla Heart Research Centre is the only hospital offering super speciality cardiac care in entire eastern India. With a 200+ bed capacity, cardiac rehabilitation services, cath labs and modular OTs, BM Birla Heart Research Centre has made a mark with its singular focus on the treatment of a variety of cardiac ailments. Here are a few advantages of choosing BM Birla Heart Research Centre for sudden cardiac arrest treatment in Kolkata:
Get in touch with our expert heart specialists at BM Birla Heart Research Centre, Kolkata for complete cardiac care.
Most cardiac arrest symptoms are sudden and cannot be prevented. Also, for people with congenital heart conditions, preventive tips may help manage the symptoms and keep the condition from getting worse. Reduce the risk of sudden cardiac arrest by living a heart-healthy lifestyle or getting regular health checkups for any other health issue which can impact heart health. Talk to your cardiologist to know about your heart health and how you can avoid sudden cardiac arrest.
If you or anyone around you is showing signs of sudden cardiac arrest, consult a cardiologist near you. A cardiologist specializes in diagnosing and treating conditions related to the heart and ensures proper working of the cardiovascular system.
Symptoms of sudden cardiac arrest in females include -
Your health will be monitored in the intensive care unit after the treatment. The doctor may put you in an induced coma and keep you asleep to allow your body to recover. In addition, you may be referred to cardiac rehabilitation to help regain your fitness and strength levels.
Yes, being a man makes you more vulnerable to sudden cardiac arrest. However, the risk of a sudden cardiac arrest depends on the individual's medical health, lifestyle, diet, and health of the heart.
While some cases of sudden cardiac arrest may be mild, frequent episodes can reduce the blood flow to the brain. Moreover, abnormal heart rhythms can increase the risk of brain damage and even result in death.
A Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement (TAVR) or Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI) is a surgical method performed to repair a compromised, blocked or narrowed artery which was causing disruption in the blood and oxygen supply to the heart. This surgical procedure is recommended for patients who have higher risk or are too sick, or too old for an open heart surgery.
Heart failure is a serious condition marked by the inefficiency of the heart muscles to pump blood to different parts of the body. Also referred to as congestive heart failure, the condition can prove to be life-threatening if not addressed immediately. Such patients are often recommended to undergo a heart transplant, a surgical procedure that involves the replacement of a diseased or non-functional part of the patient’s heart with a healthy heart taken from a deceased donor.
Heart failure is one of the serious conditions that we should be aware of. It can be proved fatal if not treated at right time. As suggested by the best heart doctor in Kolkata.