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Lifestyle Changes to Prevent a Heart Attack

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Lifestyle Changes to Prevent a Heart Attack

Cardiology | by Dr. Ashok B Malpani | Published on 23/02/2024


We live in a world where heart conditions or illnesses have become one of the prevalent reasons for mortality. On the other hand, the significance of proactive measures to prevent heart attacks cannot be overestimated. While clinical advancements offer treatments, the importance of lifestyle changes in preventing these cardiac events should be noticed. Hence, comprehending why lifestyle changes are vital in preventing heart attacks reveals the core of proactively taking charge of one's health.

If you suspect that you might have a heart problem, then book your appointment with the best cardiologists in Kolkata at the BM Birla Heart Research Center. Healthcare experts here will ensure proper diagnosis and offer the best available treatment solutions tailored to your needs. In this blog, we will involve a comprehensive discussion on lifestyle changes to prevent a heart attack. However, please note that this write-up is research-based information and we do not encourage overlooking the cardiology doctor’s consultation in any form.

Why Lifestyle Changes Are Needed to Prevent a Heart Attack?

Heart attacks also referred to as myocardial infarctions in medical terms happen when the oxygen-rich blood flow to a portion of the heart muscle is blocked. This blockage usually occurs due to several factors, prominently including lifestyle choices. A sedentary lifestyle, poor dietary choices, smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, and uncontrollable stress contribute significantly to the risk factors linked to heart attacks.

As per studies, it is identified that more than 80% of heart attacks can be averted with healthy lifestyle changes, These statistics highlight the crucial role of lifestyle changes to eradicate the probability of a heart attack or cardiac event. It is important to address risk factors through lifestyle changes rather than depending on pharmaceutical interventions only. This serves as a proactive approach to safeguard your heart health. 

What Are Lifestyle Changes to Prevent a Heart Attack?

Here are some lifestyle changes that you must involve to prevent a heart attack: 

  • Healthy Eating Habits: Involving a heart-healthy diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and unsaturated fats significantly eliminates the probability of heart disease. The Mediterranean diet, well-known for its cardiovascular benefits focuses on plant-based foods, olive oil, nuts, and fish while restricting processed foods, red meat, and sugary treats.
  • Regular Exercise: Regular physical activity not only helps to maintain a healthy weight but also reinforce the heart muscle, enhances circulation, and controls blood pressure and cholesterol levels. You must ensure aiming for at least 120- 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise or 75 minutes of vigorous-intensity exercise each week, followed with muscle-strengthening exercises twice a week.
  • Quit smoking: Tobacco smoke consists several dangerous chemicals harming the blood vessels, increasing blood pressure, and elevating the probability of blood clots, all of which essentially enhances the possibility of a heart attack. One of the best lifestyle changes you can make is quitting smoking, whether through counseling, nicotine replacement therapies, or support groups.
  • Restricting alcohol consumption: While limited amount of alcohol consumption may confer certain cardiovascular benefits, heavy consumption of drinking can have harmful effects on heart health. Hence, you must restrict alcohol intake to moderate levels. However, you must try quitting alcohol as well to enhance the likelhood of best heart-health. 
  • Stress management: Severe stress leads to triggering inflammation, increased blood pressure, and disrupting heart rhythm, contributing to the growth of heart illnesses. You must include stress-reducing methods like mindfulness meditation, deep breathing exercises, yoga, or involve in hobbies to encourage emotional well-being and cardiovascular health.
  • Maintaining a healthy weight: Obesity and being overweight are susbtantial risk factors for heart disease, as they usually correspond with other damaging lifestyle choices like poor dietary choices and physical inactivity. You must try achieving and maintaining a healthy weight through a balanced diet and regular exercise, as suggested by healthcare experts.


In conclusion, the road to preventing heart attacks starts with involving certain lifestyle changes prioritizing heart health. By embracing healthier eating habits, involving regular physical activity, smoking cessation, restricting alcohol consumption, stress management efficiently, and maintaining a healthy weight, individuals essentially eliminates their likelihood of experiencing a heart attack. Empowering oneself with the information and ways are required to make these lifestyle changes not only improves cardiovascular health but also fosters overall well-being and longevity. As the proverb goes, "Prevention is always better than cure" – an opinion holding specifically true in heart health. So, make sure to step towards a healthy lifestyle by making the changes discussed above and keep your heart healthy and happy away from any illnesses.