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Cardiovascular disease and its types

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Cardiovascular disease and its types

Cardiac Sciences | Posted on 09/28/2021 by RBH

Cardiovascular diseases can be defined as conditions that affect the heart or the blood vessels. It affects the structure and function of the heart. There are several cardiovascular diseases that a responsible for heart conditions across the globe. A sedentary lifestyle and dietary habits are responsible for cardiovascular disease and other factors such as a family history or previous heart condition might also be the reason for cardiovascular diseases. The main cause of the cardiovascular disease is lifestyle issues and a fat-rich diet which makes the arteries narrow and blocks the supply of blood. The arteries get narrowed due to the accumulation of plaque or high cholesterol which is made up of fat that deposits in the arteries eventually blocking the pathway for blood circulation. This ultimately causes a decrease in blood flow and a lot of heart-related problems.

 Symptoms of Cardio-Vascular diseases:

Generally, all the diseases have certain signs and symptoms but people suffering from type 2 Diabetes and hypertension usually don’t show any signs and symptoms initially. Others might show several symptoms some of them include:

  • Chest pain

  • Nausea
  • Pain or discomfort in left arm, shoulder, elbow, jaw, and back.
  • Fatigue
  • Lightheadedness
  • Cold sweats
  • Heart palpations
  • Abdominal pain
  • Indigestion
  • Sleeplessness
  • Vomiting
  • Difficulty in breathing

Risk factors involved:

Particular people suffering from chronic diseases or who have a medical history of certain types of diseases might have the risk of developing cardiovascular disease. Some of the diseases and reasons might include:

  • High Cholesterol level

  • Hypertension
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Diabetes
  • Tobacco use
  • Smoking
  • Drinking
  • Excessive use of drugs
  • Genetic disorder
  • Family history of heart disease
  • Sodium, sugar fat-rich diet
  • Autoimmune disease
  • Obesity
  • Sedentary lifestyle

Types of Cardiovascular Diseases:

Heart disease: Coronary heart disease is sometimes also known as coronary artery disease which is very prevalent due to lifestyle and improper diet. It is caused by narrowed arteries, weak heart muscle due to which the blood supply is not proper; coronary heart disease is one of the first signs of a heart attack.

Stroke: It occurs when the blood supply from the heart is interrupted and it doesn’t reach to the brain. The brain loses the vital supply of oxygen and nutrients, which causes a stroke or blood clot in the brain and it might also cause a brain hemorrhage.

Heart attack: A heart attack usually occurs when the blood supply is not sufficient. Not all heart attacks are fatal for life but they cause acute damage to the heart.

Heart arrhythmia: It is a medical condition in which the electrical conduction system of the heart leads to abnormal heartbeats or heart rhythms.

Heart valve disease: When there is a problem in heart valves and the blood supply is not proper in most cases it is due to a hole in the valve. In such cases, the oxygenated and deoxygenated blood gets mixed which could be fatal for life.

Rukmani  Birla hospital is a multi-specialty hospital that provides world-class treatment. It is recognized as one of the best cardiac hospitals in Jaipur. We have the best cardiac surgeons who are specialized and have the experience to provide the best healthcarefacility.  For any health-related problem or query contact RBH hospital and be assured of your health.