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COMPLETE AND COMPREHENSIVE Congenital heart surgery

Congenital heart surgery

What is Congenital heart surgery?

Congenital heart surgery is one of the operative clinical treatments for treating the structural abnormalities involving the heart and primary blood vessels. However, the defects are generally the result of congenital malformations, it also includes defects in infants and children. Congenital heart surgery clinicians care for patients from the foetus to the adult.

Why is congenital heart surgery recommended?

Congenital heart surgery is recommended when someone is diagnosed with congenital heart disease. Congenital heart disease is a condition involving more than one issue with the structuring of the heart present in an individual since birth. This condition in children and adults can modify the way blood flows through the heart. 

There are various types of congenital heart defects. Some of them are mild, while some are complex. However, advancements in clinical diagnosis and treatment helps in improving the survival rate for those with congenital heart disease. People with congenital heart disease require clinical care lifelong.

Types of congenital heart disease 

The different types of congenital heart disease are listed below:

  • Atrial septal defect
  • Fallot tetralogy
  • Ventricular septal defect 
  • Coarctation of the aorta 
  • Atrioventricular septal defect 
  • Pulmonary atresia 
  • Single ventricular 
  • Interrupted aortic arch 
  • Double-outlet right ventricle 
  • Tricuspid atresia 

Congenital heart disease symptoms 

The most common congenital heart disease symptoms which includes: 

  • Shortness of breath
  • Body tissue or organ swelling 
  • Feeling fatigue often 
  • Cyanosis 
  • Irregular heart rhythms

Congenital heart disease causes 

One of the primary causes of congenital heart disease is that the foetal heart hasn’t developed appropriately in the uterus. It is unclear what actually causes the congenital heart disease, but it is believed to be linked to: 

  • Abnormal genetics or chromosomes 
  • Smoking or drinking during pregnancy
  • Environmental exposures 
  • Diseases in the mother during pregnancy such as drug use, diabetes, or viral infection 

Congenital heart disease diagnosis 

There are certain tests which are recommended for congenital heart disease diagnosis. Here are the tests which assists the doctor to diagnose congenital heart disease in children, adults, or newborns:

  • Physical evaluation 
  • Chest x-ray 
  • Electrocardiogram 
  • Echocardiogram 
  • Heart catheterization
  • Magnetic resource imaging 

Congenital heart disease treatment 

In certain cases, congenital heart disease heals on its own. Other CHD may remain but don’t need treatment while others should be treated soon after the baby’s birth. Anyone with a congenital heart defect must see a heart professional throughout his/her life. Here are some of the congenital heart disease treatment options:

  • Catheter procedure for placing a plug into the defect
  • Medications to assist the heart function efficiently or for managing blood pressure 
  • Oxygen therapy is recommended to improve the oxygen levels than normal room air
  • Prostaglandin E1 is given because it helps in relaxing the heart muscle and provides required circulation 
  • Open heart surgery- This type of congenital heart surgery is required when catheter procedures aren’t sufficient for repairing a congenital heart defect. The surgery is performed by a cardiac surgeon by opening the heart. Following the procedure, the surgeon will close holes in the heart, broaden blood vessels and repair heart vessels 

Why should you choose Rukmani Birla Hospital for congenital heart surgery? 

Rukmani Birla Hospital, Jaipur is among the eminent multi-special hospitals operating in the city for decades. The hospital has integrated the most amazing and experienced doctors including other staff members. We ensure dedicating ourselves to offering exceptional and satisfactory patient care. The primary objective behind the inception of this hospital is to make healthcare services available to everyone at an affordable cost including the finest treatment. So, if you are looking for congenital heart surgery , then get in touch with our most skilled and highly talented healthcare professionals at RBH.


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