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Different Types of Heart Arrhythmias And Their Possible Causes

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Different Types of Heart Arrhythmias And Their Possible Causes

Cardiac Sciences | Posted on 04/07/2022 by RBH



Heart arrhythmias are basically abnormal heartbeats or irregular heartbeats which are also known as dysrhythmia. Heart arrhythmia is not very dangerous in every condition. Some people have irregular heartbeats that might be due to exercise which is not risky for health. But in some conditions where the irregular heartbeat is severe such as a condition that requires medical attention and care in severe cases, one might require surgery or a pacemaker.

A heartbeat is a pulse that measures the rate of the heart or one can say the number of times the heart beats in 1 minute. An average Heartbeat is 72 but it may vary from person to person depending upon conditions such as a person is hyperactivity, low activity, and any kind of medical condition that any kind of chronic disease such as diabetes, obesity, hypertension, thyroid, etc. In such cases, the pulse varies as suggested by the best cardiologist in Jaipur. In order to observe a heartbeat,  usually use an electrocardiogram or ECG that shows the Heartbeat and if there is any problem with it.

Cause of irregular heartbeat

  •     Heart disease
  •     Infection
  •     Fever
  •     Congenital heart defect.
  •     Stress
  •     Strong emotions
  •     Drugs
  •     Medications
  •     Heart injury
  •     Reduced blood flow
  •     Medical conditions such as hypertension or hyperthyroidism
  •     Excessive consumption of alcohol or caffeine
  •     Abnormal electrolyte balance 
  •     Chronic disease
  •     Obesity
  •     Diabetes
  •     Asthma 

Symptoms: 


Hearts are usually silent unless they are some symptoms therefore it is necessary that people notice some of the symptoms such as

  •     Heart pounding

  •     Chest pain
  •     Breathlessness
  •     Fatigue
  •     Weakness
  •     Anxiety
  •     Blurry vision
  •     Sweating
  •     Dizziness
  •     Palpitations
  •     Slow heartbeat (tachycardia)
  •     Fast heartbeat (bradycardia)

Types of heart arrhythmias

Best upon the electrical impulse and the at the rate at which the heartbeats There are several types of heart arrhythmias; some of which might include: 

Bradycardia


When a heart rate is too slow then that condition is known as bradycardia. In this the heart rate is slow, less than 60 per minute which might be caused due to a heart block or a sick sinus syndrome. Further, it can be caused due to congenital heart defects or sleep apnea.

Tachycardias


If the heart rate is too fast then it is known as tachycardia. It is one of the very common types of heart arrhythmia in which the heart rate heats up over 100 beats per minute. In this condition, the heart has to pump faster than usual, which puts a lot of pressure on the ventricles in order to pump blood to the rest of the body. 

Ventricular fibrillation


Ventricular fibrillation condition in which the heart stops beating and might cause cardiac arrest is a disease of ventricles in which the ventricles are unable to pump blood out of the heart so that they can reach the body and the brain; such a condition needs immediate medical attention or surgery for which must visit best heart doctor in Jaipur.

Atrial flutter 


Atrial flutter is a condition that occurs in one of the two chambers of the atrium that would be left or right. This condition is usually caused by a single electrical impulse that affects the atrium and results in a faster heart rate.