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High blood pressure

What is high blood pressure?

High blood pressure also known as hypertension is one of the most common conditions affecting the body’s arteries. If someone has high blood pressure, it indicates that the blood force pushing against the artery walls is excessively high. It also means that the heart has to put additional effort to pump blood throughout the body. If the normal blood pressure i.e. 120/90 mm Hg is high such as 180/120 then it is considered as a hypertensive emergency or situation. If anyone has these numbers, it is important to seek immediate medical assistance

If a high blood pressure condition is left untreated, it leads to an increasing risk of heart attack, or stroke including other serious health conditions. One must ensure checking the blood pressure frequently, especially when it runs in the genetics.

High blood pressure symptoms

High blood pressure is known to be a silent killer. A lot of people having this condition might not experience any symptoms mainly in its early stages. It might take years to develop high blood pressure symptoms. Here are some symptoms that might be experienced by a patient during hypertension: 

  • Dizziness 
  • Blood spots in the eyes or subconjunctival hemorrhage
  • Flushing 
  • Headaches 
  • Shortness of breath
  • Nosebleeds 

Causes of High Blood Pressure

There is a combination of factors leading to becoming the causes of high blood pressure. Here are some of them: 

  • Genetics 
  • Age above 65 
  • Living with obesity
  • Living a sedentary lifestyle
  • High sodium intake
  • Diabetes or metabolic syndrome
  • High consumption of alcohol 
  • Smoking 
  • Kidney disease
  • Endocrine tumors 
  • Illegal drugs use 
  • Sleep apnoea 
  • Congenital heart defects 
  • Medicational side effects 
  • Adrenal gland issues 

High blood pressure diagnosis

Different devices are used by a doctor to measure the blood pressure. One of them is a digital device or a manual sphygmomanometer with a stethoscope. It has cuffs which the doctor puts around the patient’s arm. 

To confirm the diagnosis, the doctor might use the device more than one time. There are many factors which can affect the test results such as: 

  • After eating
  • Feelings of stress and anxiety 
  • According to the time of the day

There are other tests which might be recommended to confirm the high blood pressure diagnosis like: 

  • Urine and blood tests 
  • Exercise stress test
  • Electrocardiogram 
  • Holter monitoring

High blood pressure complications 

There are many complications related to high blood pressure if left untreated like: 

  • Heart disease 
  • Heart failure 
  • Heart stroke 
  • Peripheral artery disease 
  • Kidney disease 
  • Vascular dementia 
  • Aortic aneurysms

High blood pressure treatment

If the doctor has diagnosed high blood pressure for a patient, then they will converse everything about the targeted goal to manage blood pressure. They might recommend the following:

  • Checking the blood pressure daily with a home blood pressure device 
  • Eating food items without salt
  • Maintaining the best body weight 
  • Limiting alcohol intake or quitting 
  • Exercising regularly 
  • Managing stress and anger 

Medications- Different medication options are recommended to manage and treat high blood pressure like: 

  • Water pills or diuretics 
  • Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors 
  • Calcium channel blockers
  • Alpha-blockers 
  • Aldosterone antagonists
  • Renin-inhibitors 
  • Vasodilators
  • Central-acting agents

Why should you choose Rukmani Birla Hospital for high blood pressure treatment?

Rukmani Birla Hospital, Jaipur is a multispecialty hospital delivering healthcare services to its patients for years now. Our patient care is unmatchable and the services we offer are economical for every patient. We make sure that our services are accessible to everyone and that no one has to face problems while reaching us. With our latest and up-to-date advanced medical technology, we offer a reliable and smooth patient experience.

If you are diagnosed with high blood pressure, make sure to consult our expert doctors. They will guarantee an adequate diagnosis and offer treatment depending on the symptoms you are experiencing. 


How to cure high blood pressure in 3 minutes?

Here are some tips to cure blood pressure in 3 minutes:

  • Take a shower immediately 
  • Do breathing exercises 
  • Relax and sigh 

What causes high blood pressure in young adults?

The primary causes of high blood pressure in young adults are a sedentary lifestyle, making unhealthy eating choices, obesity, smoking, alcohol, etc. 

How to prevent high blood pressure during pregnancy?

To prevent high blood pressure, here are some tips:

  • Make sure to exercise regularly 
  • Eat healthy like green vegetables and fruits 
  • Quit smoking 
  • Limit alcohol 
  • Choose healthy lifestyle 
  • Maintain healthy body weight

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