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Valvular SurgeryIn Jaipur

What is Valvular Surgery? 

Valvular surgery is an open-heart surgical procedure initiated to repair or replace a damaged heart valve. When there are heart function conditions like regurgitation or stenosis of the valves then valvular surgery is advised to the patient. The surgeon performs the procedure by valve repairing which comprises reshaping or strengthening the existing valve tissue. They also include the utilization of a biological or mechanical replacement for the valve. 

In certain healthcare services, surgery for heart valve conditions is initiated with less invasive methods these days at a fast rate. To perform valvular surgery, cardiac catheterization, and imaging are preoperative evaluations before performing valvular surgery. Patients are closely monitored for issues such as blood clots or infections after the surgery. Valve surgery aims to enhance patients' quality of life, relieve symptoms, and restore heart function. 

If you are in search of the best cardiac surgeon in Jaipur, then CK Birla Hospital is your one-stop solution. Our expert and experienced surgeons not only ensure successful surgical procedures but also guarantee the required support is offered to the patient after surgery. 

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Benefits of Valvular Surgery

The benefits offered by valvular surgery are:

  • Valvular surgery replaces or repairs damaged heart valves to allow blood to flow normally.
  • The relief of symptoms such as exhaustion and chest pain enhances and improves the general quality of life.
  • Long-term survival rates are hugely increased by averting complications like heart failure and stroke.
  • Improved symptom management for heart failure assists in reducing reliance on medicines.
  • Improved results are ensured by early intervention, which prevents the progression of valve disease.
  • Valve surgery improves heart function and extends life expectancy to address valve-related issues precisely and effectively.

Types of Valvular Surgery

The following is the categorization of the types of valvular surgery: 

  • Valvuloplasty: The process of treating a valve without replacing it; balloon valvuloplasty is often used to enlarge narrowed valves.
  • Repairing damaged valve leaflets, chordae tendineae, or annulus surgically to get the valve functioning normally is known as valve repair.
  • Replacement of the valve: To restore normal blood flow, a malfunctioning valve is replaced with a mechanical or biological prosthesis.
  • Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement (TAVR): It is a minimally invasive method performed with the use of a catheter to replace an aortic valve that has constricted.
  • Mitral valve repair: This specialized surgical procedure assists in preserving the function of the mitral valve and is often chosen over valve replacement.
  • Tricuspid Valve Repair: Improving blood flow between the right heart chambers by repairing defects in the tricuspid valve.

When is Valvular Surgery Recommended?

When cardiac valve disease advances to a stage when symptoms worsen and significantly impair an individual’s quality of life, valvular surgery becomes an option. When traditional methods are no longer able to manage the symptoms or when the probability of consequences is very high, valvular surgery is advised. Severe valve regurgitation or stenosis, causing symptoms like exhaustion, chest pain, and shortness of breath, are some noticeable signs. In addition, individuals who have structural heart valve anomalies or run the risk of developing issues including heart failure or potentially fatal arrhythmias may benefit from valvular surgery.

Methods Used for Valvular Surgery

  • Valve Repair: Without replacing the diseased valve completely, surgical interference helps in restoring its structure and functionality.
  • Valve replacement: The diseased valve is replaced with a prosthetic one if repair is not feasible. 
  • Minimally invasive surgery: It involves the use of smaller incisions, which means fast recovery times and reduced probability of complications.
  • Transcatheter Valve Replacement (TAVR/TAVI): This minimally invasive treatment is right for high-risk patients in which a prosthetic valve is placed via a catheter.

Pre-instructions for Heart Valvular Surgery

An extensive assessment is initiated before valvular surgery to identify the severity of the patient's valve problem including their general state of health. Various diagnostic procedures such as cardiac catheterization, electrocardiography, and echocardiography are often performed before performing valvular surgery. An assessment of the patient's medical history is performed, comprising any comorbid diseases or prior surgical procedures. The patient is provided a comprehensive interpretation by the surgical team of the procedure's benefits, risks, and anticipations. Preoperative preparations involve modifying one's lifestyle, taking certain medications, and consulting with other professionals to get the best possible outcomes and minimize the risk of complications both during and after surgery.

Post-instructions for Heart Valvular Surgery

The patient is given general anesthesia before valvular surgery to ensure their comfort and immobility during the process. The surgical team performs the procedure by making a chest incision to access the heart, often through the sternum (median sternotomy), however, sometimes they involve less invasive methods to make smaller incisions. After the surgeon accesses the heart, the damaged valve is either fixed or replaced with a biological or mechanical replacement valve. Before stitching the incision, the surgical team cautiously confirms that the new valve is positioned correctly and functions as needed. Modern monitoring techniques are involved during the procedure to ensure the patient's safety and the best possible results. 

Recovery After Valvular Surgery

The patient spends some time under close observation in the intensive care unit (ICU) to ensure a stable recovery after valve surgery. The function of the heart, vital signs, and general health are closely monitored. Antibiotics, painkillers, and other drugs are prescribed as needed to treat discomfort and prevent infection. The patient is slowly moved to a regular hospital room once stable. Physical therapy and rehabilitation to restore strength and mobility are involved to assist in recovery. The surgical team schedules regular follow-up visits to monitor recovery, assess healing, and offer continuous care and support.

Why Should You Choose CK Birla Hospital Jaipur for Valvular Surgery?

CK Birla Hospital is a super specialty hospital with modern infrastructure and state-of-the-art technology in Jaipur. CK Birla Hospital is the only hospital offering super specialty atrial fibrillation care in the entire Eastern India. With a 230+ bed capacity, cardiac care, atrial fibrillation services, cath labs, and modular OTs, CK Birla Hospital has made a mark with its singular focus on the treatment of a variety of ailments. Here are a few advantages of choosing CK Birla Hospital for valvular surgery -

  • Highly qualified and experienced experts
  • Cutting-edge technology and the latest medical equipment
  • Transparent pricing structure for cost-effective treatment. 
  • Patient-centric high-quality care for a high success rate

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Which Surgery is Best for Valve Replacement?

The best surgery for valve replacement relies on individual factors like age, medical history, and valve condition. Some of the options involve open-heart surgery or minimally invasive approaches such as TAVR/TAVI, tailored to patient needs.

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