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Bulky Uterus: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment

Home > Blogs > Bulky Uterus: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment

Bulky Uterus: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment

Obstetrics and Gynaecology | Posted on 07/10/2024 by Dr. Namrata Gupta

In a female reproductive system, the uterus, or womb, is an integral part as it is where a fetus grows during pregnancy. However, certain conditions are there that can affect the uterus, "bulky uterus” is one of them. A bulky uterus is a uterus enlargement beyond its normal size, indicating various underlying health problems. This condition causes feelings of discomfort and several other health complications if not managed on time. If you often experience irregular periods, pelvic pain, or heavy menstrual bleeding, book your appointment with one of the best gynaecologists in Jaipur at CK Birla Hospitals. With proper diagnosis, you will find the most effective treatment that’s right for you. 

In this blog, we will discuss the bulky uterus comprehensively, including its types, symptoms, causes, risk factors, diagnosis, and treatment options. However, please know that it is for informative purposes only and does not replace the significance of a gynecologist’s consultation

What is a Bulky Uterus?

A bulky uterus is a medical condition used to describe the uterus that becomes abnormally large. The normal uterus dimensions of a non-pregnant uterus are 8 cm long, 5 cm across, and 4 cm thick, however, it can differ depending on an individual. If the uterus expands beyond its average size due to certain conditions like fibroids, ovarian cysts, pregnancy etc., it is known as a bulky uterus. The abnormally large uterus can be identified during a physical assessment or through imaging studies.

What are the Types of Bulky Uterus?

Several conditions cause the enlargement of a uterus or a bulky uterus, each leading to varied types of bulky uterus:

  • Endometrial Hyperplasia: This occurs due to hormonal imbalance causing the thickening of the uterine lining. It is not directly related to a bulky uterus, however, it is one of the contributors to the overall enlargement. 
  • Adenomyosis: Adenomyosis arises when the endometrial tissue, normally lining the uterus, begins developing into the uterus’s muscular wall. Due to this condition, the uterus starts to become enlarged and bulky.
  • Uterine Cancer: Malignant enlargements can cause a substantial expansion and a bulky uterus. This condition is not very common but when it occurs it is known to be a serious cause of uterine growth.
  • Fibroids: Known to be one of the most common causes of a bulky uterus, these are benign tumours that develop in the uterus’s muscular wall. They differ in terms of size and can be singular or multiple. 
  • Other Conditions: It involves conditions like pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) or ovarian cysts causing the uterus to appear enlarged.

What are Bulky Uterus Symptoms?

The symptoms of a bulky uterus can differ extensively depending on the underlying cause. The table below, you will find the symptoms:



Pelvic Pain

Consistent pain in the pelvic area ranges from mild to severe.

Heavy Menstrual Bleeding

Most females experience menorrhagia, described by heavy and extended menstrual periods.

Irregular Periods

Variations in the menstrual cycle, such as irregular periods or spotting between periods.

Bloating and Abdominal Discomfort

The uterus enlargement causes a feeling of bloating in the lower abdomen

Urinary Symptoms

Pressure on the bladder can lead to frequent urination or problems while trying to empty the bladder.

Pain During Sexual Intercourse

Some women may experience pain during sexual intercourse.

Reproductive Problems

Problems in conceiving or maintaining a pregnancy

What are Bulky Uterus Causes?

Factors that contribute to the development of enlargement in the uterus or a bulky uterus are:

  • Hormonal Imbalances: This can cause several conditions such as fibroids and endometrial hyperplasia, leading to the growth of uterus enlargement.
  • Genetic Factors: If a family has a history of different reproductive conditions like uterine fibroids or other related conditions, it can enhance the risk of growing a bulky uterus.
  • Age: The risk of growing a bulky uterus aggravates with age, specifically in females who are about to reach the menopause phase.
  • Reproductive History: Females who have experienced multiple pregnancies are at higher risk of growing conditions leading to a bulky uterus.
  • Obesity: Being overweight causes hormonal imbalances hence contributing to the growth of fibroids and other conditions related to the enlargement of the uterus.
  • Other Medical Conditions: It involves conditions like hypertension and diabetes as they also enhance the probability of developing a bulky uterus.

What are Bulky Uterus Risk Factors?

The diagram below describes several risk factors linked to a bulky uterus:

How are Bulky Uterus Diagnosed?

To diagnose a bulky uterus, the following steps are involved by a health professional to rule out the possibility of other conditions also:

  • Medical History and Physical Assessment: A comprehensive medical history and pelvic assessment can assist in determining any anomalies related to the reproductive system of a female. 
  • Hysteroscopy: It is performed to video the uterus inside by inserting a small camera through the cervix. 
  • Ultrasound: Transabdominal or transvaginal ultrasound is usually involved to view the uterus and identify deformities.
  • MRI: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) test helps to obtain comprehensive pictures of the uterus and helps distinguish between various types of uterine conditions.
  • Endometrial Biopsy: A uterine lining sample is taken to detect abnormal cells mainly to rule out suspicion of cancer.
  • Blood Tests: Hormonal levels and other blood tests can assist in identifying the underlying causes of a bulky uterus.

What are Bulky Uterus Treatment Options?

The treatment of a bulky uterus completely relies on the underlying causes, the extent of the symptoms, and the patient's overall health. Here is what medical professionals usually involve when treating a bulky uterus: 

  • Medications: It involves hormonal treatments like birth control pills, gonadotropin-release hormones, and other hormonal medications to treat fibroids and eliminate symptoms. Non-hormonal medications are also prescribed like non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs to stop heavy bleeding and manage pain. 
  • Surgical Treatments: Certain surgical procedures are required in serious cases like myomectomy for fibroids removal, hysterectomy for uterus removal, and endometrial ablation to rupture the uterine lining to shorten heavy bleeding.
  • Minimally Invasive Procedures: Uterine artery embolisation to shrink the fibroids and MRI-guided focused ultrasound surgery for destroying the fibroid tissues through high-ultrasound waves are recommended. 
  • Lifestyle Changes: Following a healthy lifestyle like a balanced diet, exercise, quitting smoking or alcohol, and stress management techniques like yoga meditation or acupuncture help reduce the symptoms caused by a bulky uterus and improve overall well-being. 


A bulky uterus can greatly affect a female’s quality of life, leading to symptoms such as pain, heavy menstrual bleeding, and reproductive problems. Hence, understanding the types, causes, symptoms, and risk factors linked to a bulky uterus is crucial for efficient management and treatment. With growing progress in medical technology and treatment options, females have several ways to handle this condition and enhance their overall well-being. If you experience symptoms of a bulky uterus, get in touch with a gynaecologist in time for a proper diagnosis and the right treatment plan depending on the severity.

Faq - 


Is a bulky uterus a dangerous condition?

Most cases of bulky uterus are harmless like fibroids or adenomyosis. However, if the uterus is enlarged, it might be an indication of a serious condition like cancer. A bulky uterus doesn’t often show any symptoms but some females experience pelvic pain, abdomen pressure, heavy bleeding during periods, frequent urination, etc. 

Is bulky cervix dangerous?

Yes, a bulky cervix can be dangerous as it leads to improper implantation, bleeding, placenta separation, uterus cramping, uterus torsion, premature delivery, and problems during delivery.