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What is PCOS?

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is a common reproductive disorder in women that can affect from the age of teens till menopause. It happens in the reproductive stage of a female's life causing irregular menstruation among other symptoms. The signs and symptoms can vary from female to female in intensity and severity. Obesity, diabetes, and insulin resistance are all very closely connected to the condition of PCOS.

The polycystic term means many cysts and it is called so because this condition causes cysts to develop on the ovaries in females. The ovary is not able to release eggs and thus eggs cannot be fertilized. The woman will not be able to ovulate hence she has an irregular menstruation cycle and becomes infertile.

What are the PCOS symptoms?

The PCOS symptoms among every female are different however some of them are general and women should be mindful of them. The symptoms of PCOS:

  • Infertility: The absence of periods reflects less ovulation. This causes a reduction in fertility and a decline in the probability of the female getting pregnant.
  • Hair growth: In several females, extreme hair growth on the body and face is perceived. This happens due to the intensification of the androgen hormone in the woman. Frequently, this hormone is existent in small amounts in women. If the level of this hormone is troubled, it rises and causes unnecessary hair growth.
  • Acne: Acne is another indication of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome. Usually, women with PCOS experience problems with acne.
  • Miscarriage: Hormonal imbalance can cause an increase in the level of LH which leads to miscarriages.
  • Obesity: Most of the women suffering from PCOS are obese. It is among other major PCOS symptoms that shouldn’t be overlooked.
  • Insulin resistant: Most of the females with this condition are insulin resistant causing a rise in blood sugar levels. This could also lead to diabetes.

PCOS causes

Polycystic ovary syndrome or PCOS causes a hormonal imbalance in the woman's body. It could be a hereditary problem as odds are that if your mother or sister has this, you may undergo this condition too.

Some environmental aspects may cause it incidentally by fashioning imbalance in the hormonal levels. A breakdown of the blood sugar control system is connected to PCOS. A high level of the male hormone known as androgen is also related to this condition.

A low level of chronic inflammation in the body or exposure of the foetus to male hormones can also be associated with polycystic ovary syndrome causes.

PCOS diagnosis

The doctor will initiate the PCOS diagnosis if a female is experiencing problems like high androgen levels, irregular menstrual cycles, and ovarian cysts. He/she will also begin by asking if the female is observing signs such as body hair, facial hair, acne, weight gain, etc.

After understanding the answers, the doctor will initiate a pelvic exam so that the problem is identified with the ovaries and other significant reproductive parts in a female. The doctor will begin by inserting the gloved fingers into the vaginal area and look for the development in the uterus and ovaries.

There will be the recommendation of blood tests as it will help in identifying the male hormonal levels. Blood tests are also ordered to evaluate other conditions like insulin, triglyceride levels, and cholesterol levels. It will also help with understanding conditions like diabetes and heart disease.

The ultrasound is the next step which helps in identifying the abnormal follicles and other issues with the uterus and ovaries.

PCOS treatment

For polycystic ovary syndrome or PCOS treatment, medications are accessible to diminish the symptoms. These drugs benefit in decreasing the irregularity of menses; obesity, male hormone androgen, and hirsutism, and some drugs offer stimulation of the ovarian follicles to develop. If the medications aren’t working, a surgery known as laparoscopic ovarian drilling is an option.

The objective of this surgery is to diminish the androgen levels in the body to encourage ovulation. Other than this one can go for hormonal therapy which is used to control hormones. Birth control pills, vaginal rings, and patches may be used in this therapy.

Some lifestyle variations in your diet can benefit in averting and treating PCOS. Regular exercise and quitting smoking also helps in overcoming this problem.

PCOS prevention

Here are some dietary and lifestyle modifications that you need to follow for PCOS prevention and to get pregnant, even if you're suffering from PCOS.

  • Stay away from caffeine, liquor, sodas, desserts, and juices that contain a high amount of glucose, and refined carbohydrates such as white bread, sweets, cookies, chocolate, doughnuts, and other similar things.
  • Eat a good amount of healthy proteins in your meals at regular intervals to adjust your glucose levels.
  • Get some physical workout regularly - cardio as well as weight lifting.
  • Incorporate cinnamon into your diet. It has been known to improve insulin sensitivity in females with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome.
  • Cut down your daily intake of dairy products and other animal products, even if they are organic. This is because of the high amount of hormones, inorganic sprays, and pesticides that are known as endocrine disruptors as these are known to ruin your hormones that result in anovulation. A diet full of vegetables and fiber is a lot useful in cases where hormonal balance is displaced due to PCOS.
  • You can include new and fresh licorice in your diet since additional production of androgen has been proven to positively react to the ingestion of licorice.
  • Eat a lot of healthy food items like fruits and green vegetables.

Why should you choose Rukmani Birla Hospital for PCOS treatment?

Rukmani Birla Hospital, Jaipur should be your number one choice if you are planning to get the PCOS treatment done. We are a multi-special and NABH-accredited hospital delivering the finest care to our patients for years now. For every health problem or severe health condition, we have a specific department integrating specialised doctors in the field.

The team we have integrated into our hospital is not only experienced in their areas but also well-versed with the latest and advanced technologies. With our integrated smart state-of-the-art technology, we are not only delivering fast and affordable healthcare services but also accuracy is ensured with utmost satisfaction among the patients.

Our gynaecological department is filled with expert and qualified gynaecologists who make sure that the problems are comprehended efficiently to offer the right treatment. So, if you are suffering from PCOS, mainly if trying to get pregnant, our doctors will put their additional efforts to fulfil your road to parenthood.

PCOS doesn’t mean you can get pregnant, surely you can with the right guidance and treatment hence get in touch with us now.


Can PCOS affect other organs?

PCOS is a condition known as exclusive hence is a multi-organ disease that can affect various endocrine organs such as the pituitary, fat cells, adrenals, endocrine pancreas, and ovaries.

Is removing the ovaries a permanent solution to stop PCOS?

It is important to understand that PCOS is a life-long condition and removing the ovaries will not stop the condition. However, the menstrual cycle's regularity problem may be resolved efficiently.

Does PCOS need surgery?

There is a minor surgery known as laparoscopic ovarian drilling as a treatment option that benefits in treating the problems linked to PCOS such as infertility. So, some cases might require surgery.


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