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PCOD TreatmentIn Jaipur

What is PCOD?

PCOD, or Polycystic Ovarian Disorder is a common hormonal disorder among females of reproductive age. This condition happens when the ovaries produce androgens at higher levels than normal. This hormonal imbalance causes several symptoms and complications that involve excessive hair growth, irregular menstrual cycles, infertility, acne, and weight gain.

The precise cause of PCOD is not known yet, however, genetics and environmental factors are identified to be playing a primary role. It is found that insulin resistance in which the body is unable to produce sufficient insulin is related to PCOD. This causes high levels of insulin leading to an increased androgen formation by the ovaries. 

If you observe signs like irregular periods, facial hair, acne, etc., book your appointment with one of the best gynecologists in Jaipur at CK Birla Hospitals. We have a team of highly skilled and renowned gynecologists with years of experience in their respective fields.

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Symptoms of PCOD

Polycystic Ovary Disorder (PCOD) can manifest several symptoms that might differ in terms of severity among females. Here are some of the common PCOD symptoms:

  • Irregular Menstrual Cycles.
  • Ovulation Problems
  • Polycystic Ovaries
  • Weight Gain
  • Insulin Resistance
  • Thinning Hair or Hair Loss
  • Skin Changes
  • Mood Changes

Causes of PCOD

The exact cause of Polycystic Ovary Disorder (PCOD) is not identified yet, but it has been found that it might be linked to a combination of genetic and environmental factors. The following are some of the factors contributing to the growth of PCOD: 

  • Hormonal Imbalance: It involves disrupting the normal function of the ovaries and causing symptoms like irregular menstrual cycles and ovarian cysts.
  • Insulin Resistance: This plays an important role in the growth of PCOD by stimulating the formation of androgens by the ovaries.
  • Genetics: Certain genetic changes lead to developing PCOD or enhance their risk of experiencing symptoms linked to the condition.
  • Inflammation: It interferes with the hormone formation and indicates pathways in the body, causing insulin resistance and other metabolic disruptions.
  • Lifestyle Factors: Poor diet, lack of physical activity, and obesity are identified to be linked with the development of PCOD.

Diagnosis of PCOD

The diagnosis of PCOD, or Polycystic Ovary Disorder (PCOD) is performed depending on the combination of symptoms, physical examination, and several tests. Here is how PCOD diagnoses are performed:

  • Medical History and Symptom Assessment: Your doctor will ask questions about the menstrual cycles, weight alterations, hair growth patterns, and any other symptoms of PCOD.
  • Physical Examination: It is performed to look for the symptoms of PCOD like excess hair growth, acne, and signs of insulin resistance.
  • Blood Tests: These tests help in measuring hormone levels, that involve testosterone, luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), and insulin levels. Blood sugar and cholesterol levels are also detected.
  • Ultrasound: A pelvic ultrasound is involved to test the ovaries. The ultrasound assists in identifying the presence of small cysts on the ovaries. 
  • Exclusion of Other Conditions: The doctor may perform other tests to rule out other possible causes of your symptoms like thyroid disorders or adrenal gland disorders since PCOD shares symptoms with other conditions.

PCOD Treatment Options 

Treatment for PCOD targets to control symptoms and minimize the risk of complications. Here are some of the common treatment options involved by a healthcare expert:

  • Lifestyle Changes: Reducing weight with food and exercise assists in controlling the symptoms. Menstrual cycle regulation and insulin resistance reduction are achievable with a balanced diet and regular exercise.
  • Medication: Hormonal contraceptives like birth control pills reduce testosterone levels and control menstrual cycles. Anti-androgen drugs help minimize the symptoms such as excessive hair growth and acne. Metformin is one insulin-sensitizing drug that benefits insulin resistance and reduces testosterone levels.
  • Fertility Treatments: Drugs causing ovulation, like letrozole or clomiphene, help women to get pregnant. If other therapies are not working, in vitro fertilization (IVF) could be recommended. 
  • Management of Specific Symptoms: For irregular menstrual cycles, medications help in inducing regular periods. For acne, topical or oral medications are recommended. Excess hair growth is through methods like electrolysis or laser hair removal.
  • Surgery: In certain cases, surgery is recommended to remove ovarian cysts or to perform ovarian drilling. This procedure helps in stimulating ovulation in females who are not responding to other treatments.

Why Should you Choose CK Birla Hospital for PCOD Treatment? 

CK Birla Hospital, Jaipur is among the eminent multi-special hospitals operating in the city for decades. The hospital has integrated the most amazing and experienced doctors including other staff members. We ensure dedicating ourselves to offering exceptional and satisfactory patient care. The primary objective behind the inception of this hospital is to make healthcare services available to everyone at an affordable cost including the finest treatment. So, if you are looking for an experienced and skilled gynecologist in Jaipur for PCOD treatment, then get in touch with us now.

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FAQs

Which Treatment is Best for PCOD?

The best treatment for PCOD depends on individual factors like symptoms, medical history, and fertility goals. Usually, a combination of lifestyle changes, hormonal medications such as birth control pills, and insulin-sensitizing agents provides efficient symptom management and improves long-term health results.

PCOD or PCOS Which is More Dangerous?

Both PCOD (Polycystic Ovary Disorder) and PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome) involve certain risks like infertility, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. PCOS, however, tends to have more noticeable symptoms and may pose a slightly higher risk of complications. Prompt diagnosis and management are very important for both conditions.

How to Control PCOD?

Management of PCOD requires healthy weight management through a balanced diet and regular exercise, managing insulin resistance with medications if required, and dealing with particular symptoms with hormonal treatments. Regular monitoring and lifestyle changes are integral aspects of PCOD management.

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