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Infertility Treatments

What is infertility treatment?

Infertility treatment is a medical treatment for the couples who haven’t been able to conceive for more than a year. Infertility affects both male and females. Infertility treatment options are usually recommended to the couples who are indulged in the sexual activity without protection for more than a year. A female is considered to be infertile if she hasn’t been able to conceive without using birth control. On the other hand, male is considered infertile if his sperms are too few and are unable to combine with a female’s healthy eggs.

It is of two types i.e. primary infertility and secondary infertility. Primary infertility is when a couple is unable to conceive at all, whereas secondary infertility is when the couple has conceived earlier but is not able to plan conception again.

Causes of infertility

The causes of infertility in both men and women are different. Here are the causes of infertility in men:

  • Issues with semen and sperm
  • Ejaculation disorders
  • Hormonal imbalance
  • Genetic factors
  • Mumps
  • Radiation therapy or chemotherapy
  • Medications
  • Cystic fibrosis
  • Other illnesses

Here are the causes of infertility in females 

  • Thyroid issues 
  • Hyperprolactinemia 
  • Polycystic ovarian syndrome 
  • Poor egg quality
  • Primary ovarian insufficiency 
  • Endometriosis 
  • Surgery
  • Chronic conditions like cancer 
  • Submucosal fibroids 
  • Tubal ligation

Symptoms of infertility in male and female

Here the signs and symptoms of infertility in both male and female:

Infertility symptoms in female

  • Irregular periods
  • Abnormal periods
  • No periods at all
  • Pain periods
  • Skin changes
  • Changes in sex drive
  • Loss of hair
  • Weight gain
  • Pain during sex
  • Milky white discharge

Infertility symptoms in male

  • Small and firm testicles
  • Hair growth changes
  • Sexual drive changes
  • Pain, lump or swelling in the testicles
  • Erections and ejaculation issues

Risk factors for infertility in male and female

Some of the common risk factors for infertility in both male and females are: 

  • Age above 35 or 40
  • Eating disorders
  • Diabetes 
  • Radiation therapy 
  • Sexually transmitted infections 
  • Substance use 
  • Stress 
  • Smoking
  • Over-exercising 
  • Alcohol use 
  • Exposure to environmental factors 
  • Weight issues

Infertility diagnosis for male and female

There are certain tests for both male and females which helps in infertility diagnosis. Let’s have a look at some of the tests usually recommended to diagnose infertility: 

  • Pelvic exam
  • Blood
  • Transvaginal ultrasound
  • Hysteroscopy
  • Saline sonohysterogram
  • Hysterosalpingogram
  • Laparoscopy
  • Semen analysis
  • Blood tests
  • Scrotal ultrasound

Treatment options for male and female infertility

Here are some of the recommended options for male infertility treatment: 

  • Surgery- To treat varicocele or for removing blockage in the tubes carrying sperm 
  • Antibiotics- For the treatment of infection in the reproductive organs 
  • Medications and counselling- For the treatment of ejaculation and erection issues 
  • Hormonal treatment- To treat hormone issues if they are low or high 

The options for female infertility treatment are: 

  • Surgery- For the tissue removal blocking fertility like endometriosis or to open blocked fallopian tubes 
  • Fertility drugs and hormones- To assist the female ovulate or restoring the hormonal levels

Common infertility treatment options for male and female

There are couples who require additional help to conceive. The best options for such couples are assisted reproductive technology. So, here are some of the best options for infertility treatment in male and female:

  • Intrauterine insemination or IUI- The doctor involve using a long and thin tube for placing sperm directly into the female uterus to create pregnancy
  • In- vitro fertilisation or IVF- It is an assisted reproductive technology which involves the use of eggs harvesting and placing the both sperm and healthy egg in a dish. The sperm begins the process of fertilisation and then after embryo is formed, it is placed into the female uterus for creating pregnancy
  • Intracytoplasmic injection or ICSI- It is just like IVF, the only difference is that sperm is directly injected into the harvested egg and is then transferred into the female uterus
  • Donor eggs or sperms- It is a last resort for couples who are not able to conceive even with assisted reproductive technology. With the use of donor eggs or sperm, then can easily achieve conception

Why should you choose Rukmani Birla Hospital for infertility treatment?

Rukmani Birla Hospital, Jaipur is a multispecialty hospital delivering healthcare services to its patients for years now. Our patient care is unmatchable and the services we offer are economical for every patient. We make sure that our services are accessible to everyone and that no one has to face problems while reaching us. With our latest and up-to-date advanced medical technology, we offer a reliable and smooth patient experience.

If you have been trying to get pregnant for more than a year and aren’t seeing any results, make sure to consult our expert fertility doctors. They will guarantee an appropriate infertility diagnosis and give you treatment depending on the symptoms you are experiencing.


Does insurance cover infertility treatment?

No, insurance doesn’t cover infertility treatment.

What is icsi treatment for infertility?

Intracytoplasmic treatment for infertility is an assisted reproductive technology which involves placing the sperm directly into a harvested egg and then transferring it into the female uterus for creating pregnancy.

What is iui infertility treatment?

Intrauterine insemination infertility treatment is in which a long and thin tube is used to place male sperm directly into the female uterus for creating pregnancy.

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