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Your Comprehensive Guide to Sinusitis

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Your Comprehensive Guide to Sinusitis

ENT- Otolaryngology | by Dr. Chirajit Datta | Published on 01/04/2024


If you often experience nasal congestion or headache, you should book your appointment with the healthcare experts at The Calcutta Medical Research Institute in Kolkata. These signs are an indication of a condition called sinusitis. An inflammation of the sinus cavities known as sinusitis affects millions of people each year worldwide. The exact prevalence varies according to geography and demographics, but it affects people of all ages equally. Several factors, such as allergies, infections, anatomical problems, and environmental irritants, can cause sinusitis.

Acute sinusitis usually goes away on its own with self-care or medical attention, while persistent sinusitis could need more involved care. Even though sinusitis is a common condition, people who have it can live better lives by successfully managing their symptoms and receiving quick diagnosis and treatment. For your better understanding of sinusitis, we will involve a comprehensive discussion in this blog. However, please note that it is for informative purposes only and does not endorse overlooking the consultation with a doctor.

What is Sinusitis?

The swelling or inflammation of the tissue lining the sinuses that are air-filled cavities in the skull is referred to as sinusitis. It can be caused by allergies, structural problems obstructing the nasal passages, bacterial, fungal, or viral infections. While chronic sinusitis may persist for extended periods and require more comprehensive management, acute sinusitis typically cures on its own or with therapy. A medical professional's accurate diagnosis is crucial to figuring out the underlying cause of sinusitis and the best course of action.

What are the types of Sinusitis?

Five different types of sinusitis include: 

  • Acute sinusitis: It is a temporary inflammation that often goes away in a few weeks and is caused by a viral infection.
  • Chronic sinusitis: Inflammation that does not go away for 12 weeks or more, usually with recurrent symptoms.
  • Subacute sinusitis: A phase that lasts four to twelve weeks and is in between acute and chronic sinusitis.
  • Recurrent sinusitis: Acute sinusitis that recurs frequently in a year, necessitating continued care to stop it from happening again.
  • Fungal sinusitis: It can cause allergic fungal sinusitis, a subtype that frequently needs specialist treatment methods.

What are Sinusitis symptoms?

Symptoms of sinusitis vary depending on the individual’s condition but here are some of the common symptoms that one needs to look for: 

  • Pain or pressure in the face: Usually felt in the area of the eyes, cheeks, and forehead.
  • Nasal congestion: When the sinuses swell, it becomes difficult to breathe through the nose.
  • Headache: Often gets worse when you bend forward or move quickly.
  • Postnasal drip: A sore throat or cough caused by extra mucus trickling down the throat.
  • Fatigue: The state of being lethargic or exhausted as a result of discomfort or congestion during sleep.
  • Reduced sense of taste and smell: These senses might be impacted by sinus infection.
  • Fever: May accompany acute sinusitis, particularly when the infection is bacterial.

What are Sinusitis causes?

Here are some of the identified sinusitis causes:

  • Viral infections: The nasal lining may become inflamed by common cold or flu viruses.
  • Bacterial infections: Other causes including viral illnesses might involve the development of secondary bacterial infections.
  • Fungal infections: Less frequent but still possible, particularly in those with weakened immune systems.
  • Allergies: Allergic reactions to dust mites, pollen, pet dander, and other allergens can cause inflammation in the sinuses.
  • Structural problems: Narrow sinus passages, deviated septum, or nasal polyps may hinder normal drainage and cause sinusitis.

How is Sinusitis diagnosed?

Healthcare professionals involve certain steps when diagnosing sinusitis conditions. Here are some of them: 

  • Medical history: The doctor evaluates the frequency, duration, and severity of sinus problems.
  • Physical examination: Checking for indications of inflammation or illness in the face, throat, and nasal passages.
  • Imaging tests: To see sinus cavities and spot anomalies, X-rays, CT scans, or MRIs can be performed.
  • Nose endoscopy: This method looks directly into the sinus cavities by inserting a thin, flexible tube equipped with a camera into the nose passages.
  • Testing for allergies: To find out if allergies cause inflammation in the sinuses.

What are the options available for Sinusitis treatment?

Different options are involved for sinusitis treatment by a healthcare expert depending on the symptoms, causes, and diagnosis. Here are these treatment options: 

  • Medication: It involves corticosteroids to ease symptoms and reduce inflammation, antihistamines, decongestants, and antibiotics for bacterial infections.
  • Nasal irrigation: Patients can clear congestion and remove mucus by using saline solutions or nasal sprays.
  • Inhaling steam: The warm, humid air can relax sinus passages and reduce mucus.
  • Sinus surgery: To enhance drainage and reduce symptoms, operations like balloon sinuplasty or endoscopic sinus surgery may be suggested in cases of severe or chronic sinusitis.
  • Allergy control: Immunotherapy and avoiding allergens can help stop allergic reactions that cause sinusitis.


Sinusitis is a common ailment that can have a major negative effect on a person's quality of life by producing discomfort and interfering with everyday activities. Effective symptom management and the avoidance of complications depend on a correct diagnosis and course of treatment. There are several ways to reduce sinusitis symptoms and encourage recovery, including medication, steam inhalation, nasal irrigation, and surgical procedures. People can obtain ideal sinus health and experience relief by collaborating closely with healthcare professionals and using suitable management techniques, which will enable them to fully live their lives.

Faq -


Is sinusitis dangerous?

Sinusitis is not a dangerous condition, but if left untreated for a long time, it can cause complications.

Is sinusitis curable?

Yes, sinusitis is curable with proper medical care and self-care measures.

Does sinusitis cause headaches?

Yes, sinusitis causes headaches due to pressure and inflammation in the cavities, leading to facial pain, and uncomfortable feelings.

Can sinusitis cause fever?

Yes, sinusitis causes fever, particularly in acute bacterial sinusitis cases due to the body's immune response may lead to an increased temperature.