Tympanoplasty is a surgical procedure to treat ruptured eardrums. The eardrum or tympanic membrane is the tissue separating the ear canal and the middle ear. A minor hole in the eardrum usually heals on its own. However, if the perforation in the eardrum becomes severe, it can lead to permanent loss of hearing. Tympanoplasty procedure repairs the damaged eardrum reducing the chances of permanent hearing loss.
Tympanoplasty can be performed along with other procedures to treat ear-related problems. Doctors may perform ossiculoplasty which is the reconstruction of the tiny bones in the middle ear. Another procedure, mastoidectomy involves the removal of disease cells from the mastoid bone, located in the skull. Give us a call to book an appointment with some of the best ENT specialists in Kolkata for effective tympanoplasty (eardrum) surgery.
Tympanoplasty types can be classified into different grades according to the Wullstein classification -
Tympanoplasty is performed to repair a ruptured eardrum. Therefore, if you are experiencing signs of perforation in the eardrum which are impacting your daily routine, then it is important you get in touch with a healthcare provider and seek medical assistance.
Before the tympanoplasty procedure, the doctor will examine your symptoms and detect the extent of perforation in the eardrum. The doctor may recommend several diagnostic tests such as comprehensive audiometry tests, tympanometry, CT scan, ear examination using an otoscope, etc. Once the ENT specialist detects the perforation in the tympanic membrane, surgery is subsequently recommended.
However, the doctor provides a set of guides before the surgery which can help you prepare for the procedure and prevent any complications -
The patient is given local anaesthesia before the procedure. The surgeon can perform ear surgery endoscopically or via open surgery. However, endoscopy is preferred over the latter as it leaves almost invisible scars in the front and behind the ear. Here is what you can expect during your tympanoplasty (eardrum) surgery -
After the tympanoplasty surgery, the patient is shifted to the recovery room where the medical staff monitors their recovery. It may take 7 to 10 days to recover after the procedure depending on the medical condition of the patient.
The doctor may suggest some recovery tips and dietary restrictions to help you recover after your tympanoplasty surgery. Additionally, the doctor will prescribe medications to reduce any pain or discomfort and ensure a speedy recovery. Tympanoplasty recovery tips include the following -
The Calcutta Medical Research Institute (CMRI) is one of the largest multispecialty hospitals in Kolkata. Our hospital is equipped with state-of-the-art technology which has revolutionized the healthcare industry for the best surgical outcomes.
In addition, our hospital has several eminent specialists, surgeons and healthcare providers of national and international repute for comprehensive and personalised treatment. CMRI provides patient-centric care and empathy from internationally trained nurses to ensure holistic care for patients seeking effective surgery for a perforated eardrum. Here are a few advantages of choosing CMRI for your tympanoplasty surgery-
The surgical duration of tympanoplasty varies according to the type and severity of the condition. The OT time of tympanoplasty is usually between 30 minutes to 1 hour. However, it also depends on the surgical experience of the ENT surgeon.
No, tympanoplasty surgery is not painful since it is done under local or general anaesthesia. The patient is sedated throughout the procedure and does not feel any pain or discomfort. However, as the effects of anaesthesia fade away, there may be slight discomfort or pain around the site of the incision.
ENT surgeon specialises in diagnosing and treating conditions related to the ear, nose and throat. Therefore, in case you are planning to undergo tympanoplasty, get in touch with an ENT surgeon. Call us to book an appointment with some of the best ENT specialists in Kolkata for an effective eardrum repair surgery.
Recovery time after tympanoplasty usually varies depending on the medical health of the patient. However, it usually takes 10 to 14 days to recover after the procedure if the patient is following post-operative tips.
Tympanoplasty is a safe and effective procedure to treat perforation in the ear. However, there are rare chances of complications depending on the severity of the perforation. Tympanoplasty complications include -
Myringoplasty or type I tympanoplasty is performed only on the tympanic membrane, without manipulating the middle ear or the ossicles. On the other hand, tympanoplasty involves the eradication of the obstruction from the middle ear and the repair of the perforated tympanic membrane for improved hearing.
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