Jaundice is a medical condition that affects the liver and causes yellowing of the skin and eyes due to the buildup of bilirubin in the bloodstream. Bilirubin is a yellow pigment that is formed when the liver breaks down old red blood cells. Jaundice can be a symptom of an underlying medical condition, and therefore, it is essential to consult a doctor if you are experiencing any of its symptoms.
Jaundice can be categorised into three types, depending on the root cause. Jaundice can either be caused due to the breaking down of blood cells or by draining waste from the blood. The three main types of jaundice are -
Jaundice symptoms can vary depending on the severity and existence of any other medical condition. However, doctors associate the most apparent sign of jaundice with the yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes. Other symptoms may include -
Jaundice can be caused by various medical conditions that affect the liver or bile ducts. Some common causes of jaundice include -
Jaundice diagnosis involves a combination of physical examination and symptom analysis to indicate the severity of the condition. Further, the doctor can recommend diagnostic tests such as blood tests to measure the level of bilirubin in the bloodstream. Other diagnostic tests may include:
The treatment of jaundice depends on the underlying cause of the condition. If the jaundice is caused by an infection, antibiotics may be prescribed to treat the infection. If the jaundice is caused by liver damage, treatment may involve medications to manage symptoms and reduce inflammation. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to remove gallstones or repair a bile duct obstruction.
In cases of severe jaundice, hospitalization may be required for close monitoring and treatment. During hospitalization, the patient may be given intravenous fluids and nutrients to support the liver's function and prevent complications.
Jaundice is a medical condition that can be caused by various underlying medical conditions. If you experience symptoms of jaundice, it is important to seek medical attention to determine the underlying cause and receive appropriate treatment. Early diagnosis and treatment of jaundice can prevent complications and improve outcomes.
What to eat in jaundice?
Here are some foods and drinks which can help with jaundice -
What level of jaundice is dangerous?
The level of bilirubin in the blood is considered dangerous if the score is 20. This level of jaundice requires immediate medical attention.
Can I eat chocolate in jaundice?
No, you cannot eat chocolate or chocolate-flavoured ice creams during jaundice as they contain raw milk.
Is jaundice communicable?
No, jaundice is not communicable but certain underlying conditions can result in the condition progressing over time.