Portal hypertension is referred to as an increase in blood pressure within the portal venous system. It is accountable to carry blood from the digestive organs to the liver. The condition occurs when there is a blockage or resistance to the flow of blood through the portal vein or its branches. The portal vein involves receiving blood from the intestines, stomach, pancreas, and spleen, and moving it to the liver for filtration, detoxification, and nutrient processing.
Portal hypertension generally is mainly experienced by an individual because of liver cirrhosis, a progressive illness determined by healthy liver tissue replacement with scar tissue. However, other causes like portal vein blood clots also known as portal vein thrombosis, liver fibrosis, certain infections, and genetic conditions also contribute to developing portal hypertension.
Portal hypertension can cause several symptoms and complications. The most common portal hypertension symptoms are:
Several underlying conditions can cause portal hypertension. The most common causes of portal hypertension are:
Portal hypertension can cause various complications because of the increased pressure in the portal venous system. If left untreated, here are the complications it can cause:
Portal hypertension diagnosis is initiated by including a combination of clinical assessment, imaging studies, and certain specialized procedures. Some of the commonly used methods to confirm the diagnosis are:
Portal hypertension aims to manage the underlying cause, alleviate symptoms, prevent complications, and improve overall liver function. The specific treatment options depend on the underlying cause, the severity of portal hypertension, and the presence of complications. Here are some common treatment options:
The Calcutta Medical Research Institute (CMRI) is one of the largest multispecialty hospitals in Kolkata. Our hospital is equipped with state-of-the-art technology, revolutionizing the healthcare industry for the best surgical outcomes.
In addition, CMRI has several eminent specialists, doctors, and healthcare providers of national and international reputations for comprehensive and personalized treatment. CMRI provides patient-centric care and empathy from internationally trained nurses to ensure holistic care for patients seeking treatment for portal hypertension. Here are a few advantages of choosing CMRI for portal hypertension treatment:
Splenomegaly occurs in portal hypertension because of tissue hyperplasia and fibrosis.
One of the main causes of liver cirrhosis is an increase in Intrahepatic vascular resistance.
GERD or Gastroesophageal reflux disease is a medical condition that occurs when the acid in the stomach flows back into the esophagus. The esophagus is the tube that connects the mouth to the stomach in the body.
The Gall bladder is an organ which lies just below the liver. It is a side pouch lying to the right of the main channel which carries bile from the liver to the intestine.
Gallstones are hard deposits of solid material, that appear like stones or lumps in the gallbladder – a small, pear-shaped organ located on the right side of the body, directly below the liver.