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Colon Infection

What is Colon Infection?

Colon infection or colitis refers to the inflammation in the colon which can make your stool more urgent, painful, runny or bloody. The colon is the main part of the large intestine where the digested food becomes poop. Inflammation is the body’s response to an infection or injury. Therefore, as a result, it causes swelling and tenderness in the tissues. 


What are the Different Types of Colon Infection?

Doctors classify colitis types depending on the severity of the condition and how long the symptoms persist. Based on that, types of colon infections include acute colitis and chronic colitis. Symptoms of acute colitis are often short-lived and can be managed with medications and non-surgical methods. On the contrary, symptoms of chronic colitis such as inflammatory bowel diseases are more difficult to treat. 

What are the Symptoms of Colon Infection?

There are several signs of infection which can mimic other conditions. But it is only after a comprehensive diagnosis that the doctor can truly know the severity and cause of symptoms. Colon infection symptoms include the following - 

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • High Fever
  • Fatigue
  • Anaemia
  • Dehydration
  • Abdominal pain
  • Bloated stomach
  • Diarrhea
  • Mucus or blood in the stool
  • Loss of appetite which causes malnutrition
  • Weight loss

When to See a Doctor for Colon Infection Treatment?

Get in touch with the doctor if you are experiencing chronic diarrhea, abdominal pain, or blood in the stool. Most patients may experience severe abdominal pain which can arise abruptly and make it difficult to get comfortable. If the symptoms persist, you may require emergency medical treatment. We have experienced doctors and specialists who can treat colitis with a high success rate. Discuss your symptoms with the doctor to know the best treatment options.

What Causes Colon Infection?

Colon infections are caused by a variety of bacterial infections, parasites, or viruses. Depending on the type, colitis causes are associated with infections, poor blood supply, allergies, or prolonged inflammation. Here are some common conditions which can cause colitis -

  • Infectious colitis is caused by drinking or eating contaminated water and food respectively
  • Pseudomembranous colitis which is caused by a specific bacteria called Clostridioides difficile
  • Allergic colitis which is caused by food intolerance and is often common in breastfeeding babies
  • Ischemic colitis is a side effect of intestinal ischemic syndrome where the intestines do not get enough blood supply
  • Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)
  • Radiation colitis which is a side effect of radiation therapy
  • Diversion colitis can occur in people who have undergone colostomy (rare)

How is Colon Infection Diagnosed?

Colon infection diagnosis includes a combination of symptom analysis, physical examinations, and diagnostic tests in severe cases. The doctor usually recommends blood tests, stool tests, and imaging tests to examine the colon and determine the extent of inflammation. 

Furthermore, the doctor may also recommend endoscopic tests to visualize the colon with a scope attached to a light. Endoscopic tests include colonoscopy and flexible sigmoidoscopy. 

What are Treatment Options for Colon Infection?

Since there are several types of colon infections, the treatment methods vary depending on the cause of inflammation. The doctor may recommend lifestyle changes, dietary restrictions, and medications for mild to moderate symptoms. Certain infections can be reduced by medicines such as corticosteroids or immune modifiers to repress the autoimmune response. 

Additionally, the doctor may also advise you to switch to a low-fiber diet which is easy to digest. Dietary changes can help reduce symptoms of mild colon infections. In case of chronic colon infection, avoiding food that can trigger your inflammation can prevent the condition from progressing further. 

In case the above methods are ineffective in treating the condition, the doctor may recommend surgical intervention. Surgery ensures long-term health benefits and almost negligible chances of recurrence. Patients with severe inflammation, chronic infection, or certain complications often benefit from the procedure.

Why Choose CMRI for Colon Infection Treatment in Kolkata?

The Calcutta Medical Research Institute (CMRI) is one of the largest multispecialty hospitals in Kolkata. Our hospital is equipped with state-of-the-art technology which has revolutionized the healthcare industry for the best surgical outcomes. 

In addition, our hospital has several eminent physicians, surgeons, and healthcare providers of national and international repute for comprehensive and personalized treatment. CMRI provides patient-centric care and empathy from internationally trained nurses to ensure holistic care for patients seeking the best treatment for Colon Infection. Here are a few advantages of choosing CMRI for your colon infection treatment - 

  • Highly qualified and experienced surgeons
  • 440-bed capacity along with cutting-edge technology and the latest medical equipment
  • Hygienic and patient-friendly infrastructure
  • Screening and diagnosis
  • Transparent Pricing Structure for cost-effective treatment
  • Patient-centric high-quality care for a high success rate
  • Pain management and palliative care
  • Complete and coordinated care for patients with all types of cancers.

Get in touch with our leading urologists at CMRI, Kolkata for the best colon infection treatment.

How To Prevent Colon Infection?

Colon infection can be hard to detect and so it is important to take timely measures to prevent the condition from getting worse. The doctor may suggest lifestyle changes and a certain diet to manage the symptoms. Colon infection prevention includes the following -

  • Limit fat in your diet
  • Drink clean water
  • Disinfect your surroundings regularly
  • Always wash your hands
  • Avoid unnecessary use of antibiotics
  • Eat well-cooked food
  • Consider eating small and frequent meals
  • Avoid foods that increase stool output, such as caffeine and raw fruits and vegetables
  • Quit smoking
  • Limit alcohol consumption


What are the possible complications of Colon Infection?

Possible complications of colon infection usually result from long-term chronic colitis. These include - 

  • Dehydration
  • Perforation
  • Toxic Megacolon
  • Increased risk of colon cancer
  • Increased Risk of inflammatory disorders

How long does a colon infection last?

Depending on the age and medical condition of the patient, colon infections can last for last a week. However, in severe cases, the duration of infection can also take 3 to 4 weeks to resolve.

What food should I avoid during a colon infection?

If you are diagnosed with a colon infection, the doctor generally suggests avoiding fatty and spicy food. Additionally, you must also avoid caffeine, nicotine, dairy products, alcohol, and processed sugary food

Our Clinical Experts


Dr. Ajay Mandal's association with Calcutta Medical Research Institute (CMRI)

Dr. Ajay Mandal's association with Calcutta Medical Research Institute (CMRI)

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