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Cardiac Sciences | Posted on 02/02/2023 by RBH
Endocarditis is a rare cardiac condition causing inflammation of the heart lining, heart valves and heart muscles. The condition is also referred to as infective endocarditis (IE), fungal endocarditis, infectious endocarditis, and bacterial endocarditis. The endocardium is an infection that causes endocarditis. Usually, the infection is caused by bacteria known as streptococcal or staphylococcal bacteria. Fungi and other infectious microorganisms cause this condition.
According to a study, it is found that this condition is more common in men than women. The condition shouldn’t be left untreated as it can lead to permanent impairment eventually causing death. This blog will cover the basic understanding behind the condition and will comprise everything that you must know. However, it is only for informational purposes so make sure to consult the expert cardiologist to know more.
As per studies, it is found that people with the weak immune system are more prone to this condition. People who have heart conditions like cardiomyopathy, damaged heart valves, and narrowing of heart valves are also vulnerable to experiencing endocarditis.
The primary cause behind endocarditis is Streptococcus infection. There are other causative agents and they are:
Other factors are there which cause endocarditis:
The most common endocarditis symptoms are:
The doctor will identify the symptoms first and the clinical history before initiating the tests. A stethoscope will be used so that the doctor can listen to the heart. Following are the tests usually ordered for endocarditis diagnosis:
The doctor begins the endocarditis treatment depending on the symptoms. Here is how the condition is treated often:
Undergoing frequent dental check-ups and maintaining oral hygiene helps in reducing the risk of building- up bacteria in the mouth and avert them from entering the bloodstream. By doing this simple step, it is easier to eliminate the risk of growing the condition from an infection. It is recommended to be mindful of the condition primarily if an individual has conditions like congenital heart disease, heart surgery, etc. One must also ensure to avoid:
Untreated endocarditis is disastrous, but with on-time treatment, including the use of antibiotics it can be treated. It is important to be aware of the endocarditis symptoms. The best way to prevent the condition is taking care of oral hygiene as it benefits in reducing the endocarditis risk. If you experience the signs of endocarditis, ensure to consult the healthcare professional immediately.
Is endocarditis curable without surgery?
Yes, this condition can be cured successfully with the use of antibiotics. This treatment is effective for most people. However, in some cases, surgery is needed to replace the damaged heart valves and eliminate the infection signs.
How fast does endocarditis grow?
Endocarditis is a condition which develops gradually and might take a few months or a period of weeks.