Laparoscopic surgery is a minimally invasive, specialized medical technique for performing surgery. Unlike open surgery, a laparoscopic surgery uses multiple small incisions – 0.5-1 cm – known as ports to insert the laparoscope in the body. A laparoscope is a long, thin, flexible tool mounted with a tiny, high-resolution video camera and high-intensity light, which when inserted into the body provides insights into the inner functioning of the targeted body organ or area. As the tool moves in the body, it sends images on a video monitor. This enables the doctor to know the exact condition of the area, decide the course of treatment, and also perform surgeries to treat problems. The procedure can also be used to collect a biopsy or a sample tissue from the targeted organ or area. Laparoscopic surgery is also known as keyhole surgery and is recommended since it barely uses any cuts – generally, four including the incision made to enter the body.
In all, laparoscopic surgery can be used to treat problems affecting the body organs such as:
A laparoscopic procedure is one of the safest procedures when all non-invasive techniques fail. Laparoscopic surgery has many benefits such as:
Some procedures which can be performed through laparoscopic surgery include:
Moreover, with more advancements in medical technology, laparoscopic surgeries are increasingly being used in more complicated procedures to reduce complications, improve results, minimize scarring, enhance recovery, and improve chances of success.
While laparoscopic surgery is an easy and simple procedure with minimal risks or side effects, one must be aware of the potential risks that might occur in some rare cases. These risks include:
Also, the overall health of a person and history of diseases plays a critical role in risks associated with laparoscopic surgery. Some conditions that put one at a higher risk are:
That said, there are minimum chances of occurrence of risks but some symptoms to watch out for include:
However, even in cases where risks or symptoms post a laparoscopic procedure do occur, they can easily be resolved and cured to ensure 100 percent safety. Generally, as of today, a laparoscopic procedure is one of the safest surgical methods with low risks and faster recovery time. Further, during the period of recovery, a person might experience symptoms for a few days, including:
These symptoms will fade away depending on case to case. In case, the symptoms do not go away and instead are aggravated by the following problems, one must immediately get medical help:
For cases, where the risks or complications during or after the surgery arise – another treatment procedure might be required to resolve the problem.
Overall, there are multiple procedures that can be effectively performed through laparoscopic surgery. It is the ideal surgical method and works effectively in conditions that can be treated with minimally-invasive medical techniques.