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Pulmonology | by CMRI
Many people eagerly wait for winter because this is the time when they finally get relief from this scorching heat. However, while we are enjoying the pleasant side of the season, we cannot simply ignore the unpleasant ones. Winters come with elevated risks of various diseases and ailments, and these include certain conditions related to the lungs as well. The incidence of cold in chest infections also increases drastically as the temperature drops.
Some research has also shown that during the cold and dry winter season, certain viruses tend to stay in the air for an extended period of time. As per the best lung specialist in Kolkata, the possible explanation behind this could be that the moisture droplet surrounding them evaporate at a very fast pace making the virus extremely lightweight. On the other hand, in summer, the air is very humid making these droplets heavier and they eventually fall on the ground. As such there are significantly low chances of their inhalation.
Here are some tips that might come in handy during the winter season, as listed by the best pulmonologist in Kolkata.
Always cover your face while going out - Inhaling chilled air can have a drastic impact on your respiratory system and when you step out of your home, there is only one way of protecting yourself from it, wearing a mask or warm scarf. The air will pass through the warm layers before you inhale it and this way it wouldn't be as cold and harsh. So, the next time you step out of your door, be it to buy your groceries, go to your office, or for any other reason, don't forget to cover your mouth and nose.
Don't breathe through your mouth, but through your nose - Most office habit of breathing through our mouth, so as to prevent the cold air from coming in direct contact with your lungs. When you breathe through your nose, the air has to travel a longer distance, which gives it enough time to get a little warm. However, when you breathe through your mouth, the air has to travel a comparatively shorter distance.
Make healthy lifestyle choices - Healthy lifestyle choices come with multiple benefits, irrespective of the season, or the temperature. Eating healthy, getting enough sleep, and exercising on a daily basis can do miracles for you, provided that you are consistent and stick to the routine religiously. Winters are not an excuse for following a stagnant lifestyle and exercise can help to strengthen your lungs. Getting proper sleep and eating a well-balanced and nutritious diet can also help to boost your immune system, making it easier to fight infections and diseases.
Exercise indoors, rather than going out - No doubt exercising is very important but it does not mean that you have to go out in the chilly weather as this may increase your risks of infections. You can always exercise indoors or go to a gym. If you love going out for walks, try going out a little late in the morning or a little early in the evening, when the sun is out, and it is not freezing cold.
Keenly monitor the quality of the local air - Experts specializing in asthma treatment in Kolkata suggest that the air quality significantly deteriorates during the winter season, majorly due to the smoke that is given out by the wood fire and other fuels that you use to keep yourself warm. This is the reason why you can't see a lot of smog during winter. Inhaling this can prove to be extremely harmful, especially for those who have any existing lung condition like asthma. These irritants and toxins might also turn out to be carcinogenic.
So, if you are living in a place where the cold weather can become very harsh, you should definitely follow these tips.