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Sarcoidosis

What Is Sarcoidosis?

Sarcoidosis is a rare condition that affects various organs in the body, including the lungs, skin, eyes, and lymph nodes. It is an inflammatory disorder that can lead to the formation of granulomas, which are clusters of immune cells that can cause damage to affected organs. Symptoms can be challenging to diagnose, but with the appropriate diagnostic tests, treatment can be prescribed to reduce inflammation and prevent complications. If you are experiencing symptoms of sarcoidosis, get in touch with us to book an appointment with some of our leading doctors.

What Are the Symptoms Of Sarcoidosis?

The symptoms of sarcoidosis can vary depending on the organs affected. Some common symptoms include -

  • Fatigue
  • Fever & Chills
  • Shortness of breath
  • Persistent dry cough
  • Skin rashes or lesions
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Joint pain and swelling
  • Eye inflammation, including blurred vision, sensitivity to light, and eye pain

What Are the Causes Of Sarcoidosis?

The exact cause of sarcoidosis is still unknown, but ongoing research indicates the cause of sarcoidosis to be an abnormal immune response. The immune system responds to an unknown substance causing inflammation and the formation of granulomas. Several risk factors can contribute to the progression of the condition. Genetic and environmental factors, such as exposure to certain chemicals or infections, may also play a role in the development of sarcoidosis.

How Is Sarcoidosis Diagnosed?

Sarcoidosis can be challenging to diagnose due to the similarity of its symptoms with other medical conditions. The doctor performs a thorough physical examination and examines the medical history to analyse the condition. Furthermore, the doctor may recommend several diagnostic tests such as -

  • X-rays or CT scans of the chest, lungs, and other affected organs
  • Biopsy of the affected organs
  • Blood tests to measure the level of inflammation in the body
  • Pulmonary function tests to measure lung capacity.

What Are The Treatment Options For Sarcoidosis?

Sarcoidosis treatment will depend on the severity and location of the condition. Mild to moderate cases of sarcoidosis may not require any treatment, and symptoms usually resolve on their own. However, severe cases may require treatment options such as medication to reduce inflammation and prevent damage to affected organs. Some common medications used to treat sarcoidosis include - 

  • Corticosteroids to reduce inflammation and suppress the immune system
  • Immunosuppressive drugs to help control the immune system
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs to reduce pain and inflammation.

In some cases, surgical procedures like organ transplants may be necessary to remove damaged tissue or granulomas that are causing complications.

Why Choose CMRI for Treatment Of Sarcoidosis in Kolkata?

The Calcutta Medical Research Institute (CMRI) is one of the largest multispecialty hospitals in Kolkata. Our hospital is equipped with state-of-the-art technology, revolutionising the healthcare industry for the best surgical outcomes. 

In addition, CMRI has several eminent specialists, doctors and healthcare providers of national and international reputations for comprehensive and personalised treatment. CMRI provides patient-centric care and empathy from internationally trained nurses to ensure holistic care for patients seeking treatment for sarcoidosis. Here are a few advantages of choosing CMRI for sarcoidosis treatment- 

  • Highly qualified and experienced doctors
  • 440-bed capacity along with cutting-edge technology and the latest medical equipment
  • Hygienic and patient-friendly infrastructure
  • Thorough screening and diagnosis
  • Transparent Pricing Structure for cost-effective treatment
  • Patient-centric, high-quality care for a high success rate
  • Pain management and palliative care
  • Complete and coordinated care for patients with all types of cancers.

FAQs

Is sarcoidosis cancer?

No, sarcoidosis is not cancer but it is caused by an inflammatory disease of unknown etiology. Discuss your condition with the doctor for the most effective treatment.

Can sarcoidosis return?

There are chances of sarcoidosis relapse depending on the medical health of the patient. However, the probability of recurrence can vary as the rate of relapse can range from 15% to 70% in severe cases.

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