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What is Bronchitis?

Bronchitis is a common respiratory condition that causes inflammation of the bronchial tubes, which are the air passages that connect the lungs to the mouth and nose. This inflammation can result in coughing, chest discomfort, and difficulty breathing. Depending on the duration and severity of the condition, the disease can be classified into acute bronchitis and chronic bronchitis. 

Acute bronchitis is also called chest cold which usually improves within a week or 10 days. There are usually no side effects and it often developed from cold or other respiratory diseases. Chronic bronchitis, on the other hand, required medical attention since the symptoms can last for a longer period of time.

What Are The Symptoms Associated With Bronchitis?

The symptoms of bronchitis can vary depending on the type and severity of the condition. Some common symptoms of bronchitis include:

  • Coughing, which may produce clear, yellow, green, or even bloody mucus
  • Wheezing or a whistling sound when breathing
  • Chest discomfort or tightness
  • Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
  • Fatigue or weakness
  • Mild fever or chills

What Are The Causes Of Bronchitis?

Bronchitis can be caused by viral or bacterial infections, environmental factors such as air pollution or cigarette smoke, or underlying medical conditions such as allergies, asthma, or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Acute bronchitis is usually caused by a viral infection, while chronic bronchitis is often linked to long-term exposure to irritants such as tobacco smoke. Additionally, several risk factors also contribute to the progression of acute and chronic bronchitis - 

  • Cigarette smoke
  • Low resistance
  • Exposure to lung irritants (grains, textiles, chemical fumes, etc.)
  • Gastric reflux

When To Consult The Doctor For Bronchitis?

Consult a doctor for your bronchitis treatment if the cough does not improve with medications and other home remedies. See a doctor if your cough - 

  • Lasts more than 3 weeks
  • Obstructs your sleep
  • Is accompanied by a high fever (100.4 F)
  • Produces discolored mucus
  • Produces blood
  • Causes wheezing or shortness of breath

What Are The Diagnostic Tests For Bronchitis?

To diagnose bronchitis, the doctor performs a physical exam and examines your symptoms and medical history report. Furthermore, they may also recommend diagnostic tests such like - 

  • Chest X-ray
  • Pulmonary function test
  • Sputum culture to check for signs of infection

What Are The Treatment Options For Bronchitis?

The treatment for bronchitis depends on the type and severity of the condition. Acute bronchitis caused by a viral infection will usually resolve on its own within a few weeks without the need for treatment. In the meantime, it is essential to rest, stay hydrated, and avoid irritants such as smoke or fumes.

If bronchitis is caused by a bacterial infection, your healthcare provider may prescribe antibiotics. For chronic bronchitis, treatment may involve medications such as bronchodilators to help open up the airways, corticosteroids to reduce inflammation, or oxygen therapy to improve breathing.

How Can I Prevent Bronchitis?

To prevent bronchitis, it is important to avoid exposure to irritants such as cigarette smoke, air pollution, or chemicals. If you have an underlying medical condition such as asthma or COPD, it is important to manage it properly to reduce the risk of developing bronchitis. Practising good hand hygiene and getting vaccinated against the flu and pneumonia can also help prevent bronchitis.

If you are experiencing symptoms of bronchitis, it is important to see a doctor for an accurate diagnosis and effective treatment. By taking adequate steps to prevent bronchitis, patients can help protect their respiratory health and maintain a good quality of life.

Why Choose CMRI for The Treatment Of Bronchitis?

The Calcutta Medical Research Institute (CMRI) is one of the largest multispecialty hospitals in Kolkata. Our hospital is equipped with state-of-the-art technology, revolutionising the healthcare industry for the best surgical outcomes. 

In addition, CMRI has several eminent specialists, doctors and healthcare providers of national and international reputations for comprehensive and personalised treatment. CMRI provides patient-centric care and empathy from internationally trained nurses to ensure holistic care for patients seeking treatment for bronchitis. Here are a few advantages of choosing CMRI for bronchitis treatment- 

  • Highly qualified and experienced doctors
  • 440-bed capacity along with cutting-edge technology and the latest medical equipment
  • Hygienic and patient-friendly infrastructure
  • Thorough screening and diagnosis
  • Transparent Pricing Structure for cost-effective treatment
  • Patient-centric, high-quality care for a high success rate
  • Pain management and palliative care
  • Complete and coordinated care for patients with all types of cancers.


Is bronchitis contagious?

Yes, acute bronchitis is often caused by a virus such as influenza which can be very contagious. People with chronic bronchitis are also at an increased risk of getting a chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Is bronchitis dangerous?

While acute bronchitis may not be dangerous since the symptoms resolve on their own within 10 days, chronic bronchitis symptoms can last for almost 3 months if left untreated.

How long does bronchitis last?

Depending on the type and severity of the disease, acute bronchitis can last for 10 days whereas symptoms of chronic bronchitis can last for even three months.

Can you catch bronchitis from someone who has it?

Yes, acute bronchitis can be caused by an individual who already has it. Getting in close contact with people infected with influenza or other viruses can eventually lead to flu which can turn into bronchitis.

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