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Pulmonary Embolism

What is a pulmonary embolism?

Pulmonary embolism is a medical condition which affects the lung arteries due to blockage and affects ventilation as well. The blood flow to the heart is obstructed and hence upsurges the pressure on the right ventricle. The blockage is generally a blood clot that has moved from a different body area like from the leg’s deep vein. It happens usually because of deep vein thrombosis.

Pulmonary embolism symptoms

The common pulmonary embolism symptoms are:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Sharp and stabbing chest pain
  • Heart palpitations
  • Anxiety
  • Dry cough
  • Sweating
  • Unconsciousness
  • Wheezing
  • Swelling in one leg
  • Cyanosis
  • Rapid heartbeat
  • Low blood pressure

Pulmonary embolism causes

The possible pulmonary embolism causes include:

  • Blood pooling in a certain part of the body
  • Vein injuries like fractures or surgery generally in the hip, pelvis, leg, or knee
  • Medical conditions like cardiovascular disease including heart stroke, heart attack, atrial fibrillation, and heart failure
  • Increase or decrease in the blood clotting factors

Pulmonary embolism risk factors

There are various risk factors which are linked to pulmonary embolism. Immobility and blood clot disorders are the main risk factors. The most common kind of genetic thrombophilia also increases the risk of pulmonary embolism. Other factors which increase the risks for pulmonary embolism are:

  • Cancer and its treatment
  • Pregnancy and the postpartum period
  • Obesity/overweight
  • Hormone therapy
  • Varicose veins
  • Sitting for a long period 

Pulmonary embolism diagnosis

The healthcare expert will involve using the following tests for pulmonary embolism diagnosis:

  • Blood tests- includes D-dimer test
  • Leg ultrasound
  • Computed tomography
  • A ventilation/perfusion scan
  • Pulmonary angiogram
  • Chest X-ray

Pulmonary embolism treatment

The goal of pulmonary embolism treatment is to keep the blood clot from getting larger and averting new clots from the formation. Immediate treatment is required to reduce the risk of severe complications or death. The primary options for treatment are medicines, surgery, and other procedures.

  • Medications are recommended to prevent the clots from getting bigger and new clots formation. So, the doctor usually prescribe anticoagulants, either in an injection form or orally. Prescribed medications generally involve blood thinners and clot dissolver
  • Surgical procedures are recommended in severe cases when other treatment options like medications are not working well. Clot removal and vein filtering are the procedures usually suggested to patients who experience pulmonary embolism.

Why should you choose CMRI for Pulmonary embolism treatment?

The Calcutta Medical Research Institute is one of the renowned multi-special hospitals offering the most exceptional healthcare services to its patients.  We have integrated the best-in-class and advanced technology, and have attained a reputable name all over eastern India in the healthcare industry. Our healthcare experts hold amazing skills and efficient proficiency who ensure offering care and services to the patients according to their needs. 

We are devoted to offering services filled with integrity, ethics, and reliability. State-of-the-art technology benefits us in our healthcare services making  the treatment fast, economical, and risk-free. If you have been recommended with pulmonary embolism treatment, then consult the most experienced and talented pulmonologist at the CMRI.


What is the first sign of pulmonary embolism?

Shortness of breath and chest pain are early signs of pulmonary embolism.

Does pulmonary embolism show up on EKG?

An EKG is useful in recording the electrical activity of a heart. The heart has to put extra effort while circulating the blood if there is a clot near the heart. With EKG, pulmonary embolism can be detected but that might not be the case every time.

Can pulmonary embolism cause stroke?

Yes, patients with pulmonary embolism are at a higher risk of experiencing a stroke.

Is pulmonary embolism contagious?

No, pulmonary embolism is not contagious, and bacteria cannot be transmitted to other people.

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