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What is Pneumonia?

Pneumonia is an infection that affects the lungs and can cause breathing difficulties. It can range from mild to severe and even be life-threatening, especially for infants, older adults, and people with weakened immune systems. Pneumonia is a serious infection that affects the lungs and can cause breathing difficulties. If you experience symptoms of pneumonia seek medical attention immediately.

What Are the Symptoms Of Pneumonia?

Pneumonia can cause a range of symptoms, which can vary in severity depending on the cause of the infection. The common symptoms of pneumonia include:

  • Coughing that produces phlegm or mucus
  • Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
  • Chest pain, especially when breathing deeply or coughing
  • Fever, sweating, and chills
  • Fatigue and weakness
  • Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhoea

What Are The Different Types Of Pneumonia?

There are different types of pneumonia, depending on the cause of the infection. The common types include -

  • Bacterial pneumonia - This type of pneumonia is caused by bacteria, such as Streptococcus pneumoniae or Legionella pneumophila. It is usually treated with antibiotics.
  • Viral pneumonia - This type of pneumonia is caused by a virus, such as the flu virus. It is typically treated with antiviral medication.
  • Fungal pneumonia - This type of pneumonia is caused by fungi, such as Aspergillus or Cryptococcus. It is typically treated with antifungal medication.
  • Acquired pneumonia - This type of pneumonia occurs in people who have been hospitalized for other reasons, such as surgery or illness. It is often caused by bacteria that are resistant to antibiotics.

What Are the Causes Of Pneumonia?

Pneumonia can be caused by a variety of factors, including bacteria, viruses, and fungi. The most common cause of pneumonia is bacteria, such as Streptococcus pneumoniae. Other common causes of pneumonia include -

  • Influenza viruses
  • Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)
  • Mycoplasma pneumoniae
  • Viruses, including COVID-19

When To Consult A Doctor For Pneumonia?

It is important to consult a doctor, especially in high-risk groups such as adults older than age 65 or children younger than age 2 with signs and symptoms. People with an underlying health condition or weakened immune system must also seek medical assistance if they suspect symptoms of pneumonia.

How Is Pneumonia Diagnosed?

Pneumonia diagnosis typically involves a physical exam, medical history, and diagnostic tests. During the physical exam, a doctor will listen to your lungs with a stethoscope to check for crackling or wheezing sounds. The doctor may also order diagnostic tests such as - 

  • Chest X-rays
  • Pleural fluid culture
  • CT scan
  • Blood tests
  • Sputum culture
  • Pulse oximetry

What Are The Treatment Options For Pneumonia?

The treatment for pneumonia depends on the cause of the infection. Bacterial pneumonia is typically treated with antibiotics, while viral pneumonia is treated with antiviral medication. Fungal pneumonia is treated with antifungal medication. In some cases, hospitalization may be necessary, especially if the infection is severe.

In addition to medication, rest and proper hydration are important for recovery. People with pneumonia should also avoid smoking and exposure to secondhand smoke, as well as other irritants such as air pollution and chemical fumes.

Why Choose CMRI for Treatment Of Pneumonia in Kolkata?

The Calcutta Medical Research Institute (CMRI) is one of the largest multispecialty hospitals in Kolkata. Our hospital is equipped with state-of-the-art technology, revolutionising the healthcare industry for the best surgical outcomes. 

In addition, CMRI has several eminent specialists, doctors and healthcare providers of national and international reputations for comprehensive and personalised treatment. CMRI provides patient-centric care and empathy from internationally trained nurses to ensure holistic care for patients seeking treatment for pneumonia. Here are a few advantages of choosing CMRI for pneumonia treatment- 

  • Highly qualified and experienced doctors
  • 440-bed capacity along with cutting-edge technology and the latest medical equipment
  • Hygienic and patient-friendly infrastructure
  • Thorough screening and diagnosis
  • Transparent Pricing Structure for cost-effective treatment
  • Patient-centric, high-quality care for a high success rate
  • Pain management and palliative care
  • Complete and coordinated care for patients with all types of cancers.


How long does COVID pneumonia last?

Recovery time for pneumonia from COVID usually depends on the individual’s overall medical health, the severity of the disease, etc. Normally, patients can take 3 to 6 weeks to recover completely.

Is pneumonia deadly?

Pneumonia can be fatal if not treated in its initial stages. The condition can become very serious and lead to complications like respiratory failure, sepsis and lung abscess and in the worst-case scenario, death. Get in touch with your doctor if you experience symptoms of pneumonia for effective treatment. 

How to prevent pneumonia in babies?

Pneumonia in babies can be prevented by vaccinating them and practising good hygiene.

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