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Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

What Is Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)?

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a chronic respiratory disease that causes obstructed airflow in the lungs. It is a severe and progressive disease that affects millions of people worldwide and is a leading cause of disability and death. COPD is a term used to describe a group of diseases that includes chronic bronchitis, emphysema, and refractory asthma. 

Prolonging the COPD treatment can lead to disability and death in severe cases. Therefore, a timely diagnosis and treatment can ensure a higher survival rate in people with COPD. If you are experiencing symptoms of COPD, get in touch with us to book an appointment with our specialists for the best COPD treatment.

What Are the Symptoms Of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)?

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) symptoms vary depending on the health of the patient, and the type and severity of the disease. The most common symptoms of COPD include -

  • Shortness of breath, especially during physical activity
  • Chronic cough, which may produce mucus (sputum) that may be clear, white, yellow, or green
  • Wheezing
  • Chest tightness
  • Fatigue
  • Frequent respiratory infections
  • Bluish lips or fingernail beds
  • Unintended weight loss (in later stages)

What Are the Causes Of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)?

There are several factors which contribute to the progression of the disease. One of the most common causes of COPD involves smoking cigarettes. Additionally, other risk factors which may increase the risk of developing COPD include exposure to secondhand smoke, air pollution, chemical fumes or dust from the environment. In rare cases, a genetic condition called alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency can also lead to the development of COPD.

When Should I Consult The Doctor For Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)?

Consult a doctor for the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease if the symptoms do not improve with time or get worse. Seek medical assistance if you experience signs of deteriorating health such as severe blueness of your lips or fingernail beds (cyanosis) or a rapid heartbeat, etc.

How Are Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Diagnosed?

obstructive pulmonary disease diagnosis involves the following tests to confirm the condition - 

  • Lung (pulmonary) function test (Spirometry) to measures the amount of air a person can exhale and how fast they can exhale. 
  • Arterial blood gas analysis
  • Chest X-ray
  • CT scans
  • Laboratory tests

What Are The Treatment Options For COPD?

While there is no cure for COPD, treatment involves lifestyle modifications, dietary restrictions, medications, etc. to help relieve symptoms and improve quality of life. The aim of the treatment is to slow down the progression of the disease and minimize the chances of fatality. The doctor may recommend the following methods for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease treatment depending on the severity and type of COPD and the medical health of the expert - 

  • Medications such as bronchodilators, corticosteroids, antibiotics, inhaled steroids, combination inhalers, oral steroids, Phosphodiesterase-4 inhibitors, Theophylline, 
  • Lung Therapies such as pulmonary rehabilitation and oxygen therapy which is a comprehensive program that includes exercise, and breathing techniques, to help relieve shortness of breath and manage the disease
  • Surgical intervention which includes lung volume reduction surgery, lung transplant, and bullectomy for some people with severe COPD

Why Choose CMRI for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Treatment in Kolkata?

The Calcutta Medical Research Institute (CMRI) is one of the largest multispecialty hospitals in Kolkata. Our hospital is equipped with state-of-the-art technology, revolutionising the healthcare industry for the best surgical outcomes. 

In addition, CMRI has several eminent specialists, doctors and healthcare providers of national and international reputations for comprehensive and personalised treatment. CMRI provides patient-centric care and empathy from internationally trained nurses to ensure holistic care for patients seeking treatment for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Here are a few advantages of choosing CMRI for COPD treatment- 

  • Highly qualified and experienced doctors
  • 440-bed capacity along with cutting-edge technology and the latest medical equipment
  • Hygienic and patient-friendly infrastructure
  • Thorough screening and diagnosis
  • Transparent Pricing Structure for cost-effective treatment
  • Patient-centric, high-quality care for a high success rate
  • Pain management and palliative care
  • Complete and coordinated care for patients with all types of cancers.


Is COPD curable?

No, COPD is not curable. However, several treatment options can help manage the symptoms and improve the quality of life. Additionally, certain lifestyle habits like staying away from cigarettes, pollutants, etc. can help you minimize the chances of complications.

What are the 4 stages of COPD?

4 stages of COPD include - 

  • Stage I (Mild COPD)
  • Stage II (Moderate COPD)
  • Stage III (Severe COPD)
  • Stage IV (Very severe COPD)

Does asthma cause COPD?

People with asthma do not necessarily develop COPD and people with COPD do not always have asthma. However, some patients may be diagnosed with both respiratory conditions simultaneously.

How does COPD cause pneumonia?

COPD can obstruct your airways resulting in the swelling of the airway passage and accumulation of mucus. This makes it hard to breathe and leaves your respiratory system prone to infections including pneumonia.

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