Orthopedics & Joint Replacement | by CMRI | Published on 21/08/2021
Orthopedics is a specialty that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of all musculoskeletal conditions (including problems related to bones, tendons, joints, ligaments, and nerves). Some of the major areas of concern for orthopedic surgery are Sports injury, Paediatric Orthopedics, Orthopaedic Trauma, Arthroplasty (total joint reconstruction), Musculoskeletal Oncology, Reconstructive surgery (joint replacements and use of implants), and surgeries of Hand, Spine, Shoulder, elbow, ankle, and foot.
Orthopedic surgeons are professionals that can manage and treat musculoskeletal issues to get rid of pain and improve the patient’s quality of life. They have the expertise to reverse the patient’s immobility.
The Calcutta Medical Research Institute (CMRI) is one of the Best Multispecialty hospitals in Kolkata, where the best orthopedic treatment doctor offers the most advanced treatment for various orthopedic and pain conditions.
The best suitable treatment for any orthopedic condition will vary in different individuals depending on the underlying reason for pain.
At The Calcutta Medical Research Institute (CMRI) best team of Orthopedic surgeons in Kolkata provides both surgical and non-surgical approaches to cure the patient's orthopedic concern.
Firstly, mild to moderate pain can be relieved by the use of prescribed medications that treat the underlying medical condition causing pain. Next, the orthopedic doctor may recommend physical therapy such as ice and heat treatment, gentle massage or physiotherapy, and different kinds of muscle-strengthening exercises for improving the body’s balance and flexibility. Another way for alleviating arthritis pain could be the use of injections filled with Platelet-rich-plasma (to promote healing and reduce inflammation), corticosteroids, or Hyaluronic acid (to lubricate joints).
Surgical approach for relieving pain:
Total knee and hip replacement surgery: In this surgery, an artificial joint which is made up of ceramics, metal alloys, or high-grade plastics are used as a replacement for damaged bone or cartilage (caused by fracture, medical condition, or arthritis). The orthopedic surgeons cut the injured joint to detach the damaged parts of the knee (i.e. shinbone, knee cap, and thighbone) or hip (i.e. femoral head) and replace it with a prosthesis that works and looks the same as a healthy joint followed by covering the cut with sutures. This procedure involves the recovery process by doing regular exercises. To know more about knee replacement surgery in Kolkata contact now experts at The Calcutta Medical Research Institute (CMRI).
Partial knee replacement surgery: This treatment involves the removal of only the most damaged portions of the knee with plastic or metallic replacements by making a few small incisions.
Total joint reconstruction surgery (Arthroplasty): In this treatment, the surgeon uses an arthroscope (a small, thin tube fitted with light and camera) to examine the impaired joints (such as shoulder, knee, hip, elbow, ankle, and wrist) and repair it using narrow surgical tools which are inserted through small incisions. This surgery is carried out to prevent joints from locking (by removing or repairing the damaged cartilage); to remove loose bodies from joints; to reconstruct ripped ligaments. Thus the major role of this surgery is to provide normalcy in joint functioning.
Osteotomy (reconstructive surgery): In this surgical operation, the damaged joint is repaired by cutting a specific size of the bone wedge after marking it with a CT scan, X-ray, or 3-D computer modeling and repositioning them in proper shape for providing better alignment. The bones are secured together using staples or pins or by placing internal support plates or immobilization cast for stability. This helps in relieving arthritis pain. It can be performed for joints such as hips, knees, jaws, elbows, chin, and spine.
Spinal pain surgery: Back pain can result from degenerative disc disease, spinal disc herniation, trauma, infection, cancer, fracture, Spondylitis, Spinal stenosis, Inflammatory disease, or Osteoarthritis. Computer-assisted surgical procedures that can relieve back pain include microdiscectomy, laminectomy, spinal decompression and fusion, and others.
Disc replacement surgery: In this procedure, the herniated spinal disc that is compressing the nerve roots is replaced with an artificial disc or a pelvis bone (a graft) which is secured with internal plates and screws. The surgery is performed under general anesthesia and the procedure takes a few hours. It helps in curing arm and neck pain caused by cervical disc herniation and also lower back pain caused in the lumbar spine.
Sports medicine surgery: This includes the surgeries to treat athletic or sports injuries (such as knee, foot, hip, elbow, shoulder, and ankle injuries) of the musculoskeletal system of the body. Some treatments are the Repair of injured tendons, rotator cuff, fracture, and labral tear; Cartilage Restoration; Reconstruction of Anterior Cruciate Ligament; and surgeries for Biceps tenodesis and Shoulder instability.
For more information about orthopedic treatment contact now with expert doctors at The Calcutta Medical Research Institute (CMRI), Kolkata.