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Heart Valve Disease

What is heart valve disease?

Heart valve disease is a condition referred to as any of various conditions preventing more than one valve in the heart from functioning correctly. If this condition is left untreated, heart valve disease forces the heart to work harder. For a patient, it leads to reducing the quality of life and can be life-threatening. In certain cases, the doctor might recommend surgery or a minimally invasive procedure for replacing the heart valves, restoring normal function, and consenting the patient to go back to their regular schedule. 

There are four valves in the heart which are mitral, tricuspid, aortic, and pulmonary.

Heart valve disease symptoms

Every individual experiences different heart valve disease symptoms. Here are the common signs:

  • Fainting
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Dizziness 
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest pain
  • Abdominal swelling 
  • Whooshing sound 
  • Fatigue 
  • Swelling in the feet and ankles

Heart valve disease causes

The common heart valve disease causes are:

  • Heart attack- Damaging the heart function 
  • Congenital issues present at birth 
  • Rheumatic fever 
  • Degeneration or valve tissue calcification 
  • High blood pressure 
  • Thoracic aortic aneurysm 
  • Heart failure 
  • Infection in the heart

Heart valve disease diagnosis

To confirm the heart valve disease diagnosis, the doctor initiates a physical evaluation and listens to the heart through a stethoscope and looks for the signs of heart valve disease such as fluid in the lungs, an enlarged heart, a heart murmur, and swelling in the ankles There are various tests which are ordered to diagnose heart valve disease. Here are the tests ordered for the diagnosis and understanding of the treatment that’s suitable for the patient according to his/her requirement:

  • Echocardiogram 
  • Transesophageal echocardiogram
  • Exercise stress echocardiogram 
  • Chest X-ray 
  • Cardiac catheterization
  • Electrocardiogram
  • Magnetic resonance imaging 

Heart valve disease treatment

Heart valve disease treatment relies on the disease severity and its symptoms. usually, doctor recommends starting with conservative treatment options which involve:

  • Consulting healthcare professionals regularly 
  • Quitting smoking 
  • Eating a heart-healthy diet 

Medications that are recommended to treat the condition are:

  • Calcium channels blockers and beta blockers to control blood flow and heart rate 
  • Diuretics for reducing the retention of fluid 
  • vasodilators - dilate blood vessels 

Surgery is recommended when the symptoms worsen in terms of severity and might involve repairing:

  • Patient’s own tissue 
  • Animal valve- if the patient has biological valve replacement 
  • Donated valve 
  • The mechanical or artificial valve

Why should you choose BM Birla Heart Research Centre for heart valve disease treatment?

BM Birla heart research centre is a cardiac healthcare service that has been founded with the goal of healthy India. We are a state-of-the-art hospital offering matchless heart care services for decades. BMBHRC is the only cardiac centre in eastern India endeavouring to form an unmatched cardiac care delivery system, synergizing medical skills with compassionate patient care. The self-motivated and highly trained cardiac specialists put their best efforts to offer their best services. So, if you are looking for aneurysm treatment, then consult our specialists now.


Can heart valve disease be cured?

Yes, most of the heart valve diseases are curable

Is heart valve disease genetic?

Yes, heart valve disease is a inherited condition which is passed on to generations 


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