Plastic, Cosmetic and
Reconstructive Surgery | Posted on 03/12/2020 by RBH
Cosmetic surgery is a form of plastic surgery that aims to enhance the physical appearance of a person by using surgical methods. Cosmetic surgery, today, is one of the most sought-after medical procedures and involves a lot of money. Initially used to repair appearance defects, injury marks, unstructured features, etc. – cosmetic surgery now has now been seen as and widely accepted medium to change their appearance to enhance their self-esteem, social acceptance, and worth. Cosmetic surgery can be used to remake any body part and is often non-reversible; hence, a lot of caution and careful consideration must be done before proceeding with the surgery.
Some of the most common types of cosmetic surgery procedures include:
Breast Surgery: Cosmetic breast surgeries include breast augmentation, breast reduction, and breast lift.
Liposuction: A surgical procedure that involves a suction technique to remove fat from some areas of the body such as arms, abdomen, hips, buttocks, thighs, calves, chest, back, and neck. Liposuction also shapes these body areas, enhancing their appearance. The surgical method uses cannulas and hollow metal tubes to suction the fat. This is not a weight-loss surgery since the weight loss from liposuction is relatively very less than that from bariatric surgery. The surgery is the ideal choice for people who have excessive fat accumulation in certain body areas, while the overall appearance of the body is stable. The surgery also helps to change the shape of the body part and is thus also called lipoplasty and body contouring.
Vulvovaginal Surgery: Vulvovaginal surgery or more popularly known as a vaginoplasty, aims to tighten a vagina that has started to slack or has become loose because of vaginal childbirth and increasing age.
Abdominoplasty: Abdominoplasty or more commonly known as the tummy tuck surgery, is a method to reduce the excess skin and fat from the abdomen to make it thinner and more firm. The surgery removes fat and skin from the lower and middle abdomen to stiffen the muscle and fascia of the abdominal wall.
Buttock Augmentation: This surgery is undertaken to enhance the size of the buttocks and make them look bigger. It sources graft fat and tissue from other parts of the body by using liposuction. The surgery can also enhance the contour and shape of the buttocks.
Buttock Lift/Lower Body Lift: This surgery involves removing excess fat from the buttocks, hips, and thighs to make them tight and fit, while simultaneously lifting them up.
Blepharoplasty or Eyelid Surgery: The surgery reshapes the eyelids that have started to droop, with aging skin and bags on the lower eyelids. It can tighten the skin and also change the shape of the face.
Rhinoplasty: Often known as the nose job, the surgery aims to reshape or improve the appearance of the nose by either reshaping the tip, minimizing bony hump, reducing the size, etc. The nose job can also be done to improve breathing in some cases.
Otoplasty: Commonly known as ear surgery, it aims to treat misshapen ears by suturing them closer to the head and reshaping the cartilage.
Rhytidectomy: This type of cosmetic surgery is done to remove wrinkles and fine lines from the face, giving the face a more youthful appeal. The procedure reduces the sagging of the skin from the cheeks and enhances the jawline while also making other contouring changes to the face.
Browplasty: Often done in combination with other cosmetic procedures, a browplasty aims to reduce the drooping eyebrows and remove the wrinkles and fine lines from the forehead.
Other procedures: Several other less invasive procedures include chemical peeling, fillers, grafting, and laser treatment. Chemical peels help to reduce acne, treat pores, reduce acne marks, remove wrinkles, etc. Fillers are used to create a fuller and smoother appearance of the face. Fat grafting involves transferring fat from one body part through liposuction and injecting it in areas required such as lips, hands, etc. Lastly, laser treatment is used to treat wrinkles, fine lines, abnormal pigmentation, etc.
It is very important to know all the pros and cons, lifestyle adjustments, precautions, side effects, etc. before opting for cosmetic surgery. Some tips that will help make a better decision include:
In all, cosmetic surgery, for any reason should be done after considerable evaluation.