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Atrial fibrillation or A-fib is an irregular heart rhythm condition which is also known as arrhythmia. It causes interruptions in the blood flow and increases heart palpitations, chest pain, and shortness of breath. This condition involves a high risk of blood clots if left untreated. The condition is a very common one across the globe.
The three types of atrial fibrillation are there which include:
Not every person with atrial fibrillation experiences symptoms and some people might experience them occasionally. The most common atrial fibrillation symptoms are:
The most common cause of atrial fibrillation is heart structure issues. Here are other possible atrial fibrillation causes:
For atrial fibrillation diagnosis, the doctor will first begin with some questions. The patient is required to share information about their physical activity, diet, family history, and symptoms being experienced. It is crucial to share the information as it assists the doctor to make a proper diagnosis. A physical exam is also done to confirm the condition which are:
Additional tests are ordered to make an atrial fibrillation diagnosis which is electrocardiogram, echocardiogram, and blood tests.
The primary aim of atrial fibrillation treatment is:
Depending on the symptoms, the doctor will recommend some medication to see if they are helpful.
Here are the medications that are usually prescribed:
If medications are not helpful to the patient, then there might be a requirement for surgery. The surgery options recommended depending on the condition and symptoms are electrical cardioversion, pulmonary vein ablation, permanent pacemaker, MAZE procedure, and left atrial appendage closure.
BM Birla Heart Research Centre in Kolkata is a healthcare service delivering exceptional healthcare services to its patients. Our hospital is incorporated with the most advanced and state-of-the-art clinical technology. Our cardiology department is filled with the most talented and highly-qualified cardiologists, cardiac surgeons, nurses, and other staff members.
If you are experiencing the symptoms of atrial fibrillation and looking for treatment, then look no further. Get in touch with us our team will make sure that everything is taken care of for you and your journey will be smooth with us.
The heart rate in atrial fibrillation is calculated by placing the index and middle finger on the right hand on the left wrist at the thumb base. It will involve the use of a second hand on a watch or clock. Then, one must count the number of beats for at least thirty seconds.
The pacemaker is recommended for patients with atrial fibrillation if it keeps coming and going away. If the heart rate is always fast when experiencing the condition and slow without atrial fibrillation, then it is known as tachy-brady syndrome.
Cardiovascular problems are one of the most common diseases associated with mortality. Lack of physical activity, modern lifestyle, unhealthy eating habits, lack of nutrition, and various other socio-economic conditions – have increased cardiovascular problems. Even though multiple medical treatments are available to treat heart issues, a pacemaker remains one of the most important advances in providing care for heart patients.
A Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement (TAVR) or Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI) is a surgical method performed to repair a compromised, blocked or narrowed artery which was causing disruption in the blood and oxygen supply to the heart. This surgical procedure is recommended for patients who have higher risk or are too sick, or too old for an open heart surgery.
Heart failure is a serious condition marked by the inefficiency of the heart muscles to pump blood to different parts of the body. Also referred to as congestive heart failure, the condition can prove to be life-threatening if not addressed immediately. Such patients are often recommended to undergo a heart transplant, a surgical procedure that involves the replacement of a diseased or non-functional part of the patient’s heart with a healthy heart taken from a deceased donor.