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Laparoscopic Surgery

What is laparoscopy?

Laparoscopic surgery is also known as minimally invasive surgery, or keyhole surgery is to treat health issues like gallbladder, hernia, ovarian cysts, and uterus removal. This procedure usually is performed with the use of small incisions. Laparoscopy is a diagnostic procedure where the surgeon involves the use of a thin device with a light and camera to view the problematic area better. Small, thin surgical instruments are then passed through the incision and threaded through to the operational area. Earlier surgeons used to perform the surgery by making larger incisions. With new advancements in the medical field, it has become easier to perform surgeries like laparoscopy which is less painful.

Why is laparoscopy surgery performed?

Here are some of the reasons why laparoscopic surgery is performed :

  • To diagnose and treat reproductive conditions like endometriosis, chronic pelvic pain, inflammatory disease or infertility issues in gynecology cases.
  • To assist women with their gynecological problems like fibroids, ovarian cysts, and lymph nodes during an ectopic pregnancy.
  • Laparoscopy surgery is required to treat problems like urinary incontinence, pelvic organ prolapses, and certain forms of cancer.

What are the benefits of a Laparoscopic method?

The benefits of the laparoscopic method are:

  • It reduces the risk of bleeding massively as the incisions are smaller. It also eliminates the risk of blood transfusion type. 
  • The healing process with laparoscopic surgery is much faster than traditional surgery methods.
  • Smaller incisions cause small scars after the surgery is completed. In the case of larger surgical wounds, laparoscopic surgery doesn’t lead to infections and herniation. 
  • As the surgery is in process, with larger openings the internal organs are vulnerable to outside infection. Laparoscopic surgery eliminates the postoperative infection risk.
  • After the surgery, patients can leave the hospital the same day. 

What are the conditions treated through laparoscopic surgery?

There are a number of diseases that can be treated by laparoscopic surgery, such as

  • Tubal ligation
  • Bariatric Surgery
  • Anti-Reflux Surgery
  • Female sterilization
  • Appendix removal
  • Gallbladder removal
  • Intestinal parts removal
  • Ectopic pregnancy treatment
  • Kidney or ureter removal
  • Removal of the diseased portions of the colon or stomach

How Is Laparoscopy Performed?

The process of laparoscopy is not very difficult as other surgeries. The laparoscopic surgeon initiates the surgery as an outpatient procedure which means that the patient can go back to their home on the same day. 

The patient is given general anesthesia for the surgery so that the patient sleeps during the procedure and doesn’t cause any pain. A local anesthetic is used to numb the area so that even if the patient is awake during the surgery, the patient won’t feel any pain.

During the surgery, an incision will be made right below the belly button. Then, there is an insertion of a small tube, called a cannula. The cannula is then used for abdomen inflation through carbon dioxide gas. This gas assists the surgeon to look through the abdominal organs evidently. After the abdomen is inflated, a specialized device known as a laparoscope. It is inserted through this incision and the camera, attached to this device, displays the internal pictures on the screen in real-time.

During surgery, a total number of four cuts are made which permits other instruments to be inserted. For example, the surgeon might involve the use of some other tools to perform a biopsy. The doctor takes out a small sample of tissues from that organ that is to be assessed during surgery. Once the surgery is done, the instrument is removed and the incisions are closed through surgical tape and stitches. Bandages might be used over the incisions.

Recovery after the Laparoscopy

When the surgery process is over, you might be observed for hours before being released from the hospital. Vital signs for monitoring include breathing rate, heart rate, and pain. Any symptoms and signs for adverse reactions of anaesthesia or other type of pain are also monitored. Prolonged bleeding must be timely reported. The timing of release varies:

  • Patient body's reaction to the surgery
  • Patient overall physical condition
  • The type of anaesthesia used
  • Hope this complete guide through the surgery will help you

Why should you choose Rukmani Birla Hospital for laparoscopic surgery?

Rukmani Birla Hospital is a multi-specialty healthcare service delivering matchless patient care for decades. We have achieved a high success rate in terms of surgeries, and healthcare treatments, among other healthcare services. With our exceptional team of doctors, surgeons, nurses, and healthcare team members, we ensure that the patient has received satisfactory services. We are Nabh-accredited healthcare providers. If you have been recommended for gallbladder stone laparoscopic surgery, uterus removal, appendix laparoscopic surgery, etc, then make sure to book your appointment with our expert doctors today. They will ensure diagnosing the condition first and recommend surgery depending upon the condition. 

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