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Cystic Fibrosis

What is Cystic Fibrosis?

Cystic fibrosis is a severe genetic medical condition causing serious damage to the digestive and respiratory systems. It is an inherited condition causing sticky mucus to build up in the lungs and digestive system. It results in lung infections and issues with digesting food. It affects the cells producing mucus, sweat, and digestive juices. But, in people who have genetic cystic fibrosis, there is a defective gene which causes secretions to become thick and sticky. It doesn’t function as usual and currently, there is no cure available. However, there are treatment options that help manage the condition, relieve the symptoms, and reduce the risk of complications. It assists in improving the life expectancy of an individual and quality of life. It leads to affecting other organs which are the pancreas, intestines, heart, immune system, liver, and sweat glands.

Cystic fibrosis symptoms

There are various cystic symptoms which are:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Persistent cough
  • Other breathing problems
  • Wheezing
  • Gastrointestinal issues like diarrhoea, constipation, abdominal pain, etc.
  • Nasal polyps
  • Night sweats
  • Low body weight
  • Delayed puberty
  • Joint and muscle pain
  • Jaundice
  • Male infertility
  • Clubbed fingers
  • Fever
  • Salty skin and sweat

Cystic fibrosis causes

One of the primary cystic fibrosis causes is a change or mutation in a gene known as cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator or CFTR. This gene is responsible for controlling the salt flow and fluids in the cells. If this gene doesn’t function well, then sticky mucus begins to build up in the body. Usually, people affected by this condition are genetic and it has two copies. But, people having this condition generally experience one copy which is the F508del mutation. So, it means that there are no symptoms, but a person is considered a carrier of the illness.

Cystic fibrosis diagnosis

The initial process of cystic fibroid diagnosis is physical evaluation and understanding of the family history. Depending on the symptoms, the following tests are ordered by the doctor to evaluate the condition completely:

  • Blood test- to check the immunoreactive trypsinogen levels
  • DNA test- to look for the CFTR gene mutations
  • Sweat test- it assists in measuring the salt in the sweat

Cystic fibrosis treatment

No cure is available for cystic fibrosis treatment, however, treatment and therapies help ease the symptoms. Here are some usually recommended treatment options:

  • Medications- It involves antibiotics, anti-inflammatory medicines, bronchodilators, mucus thinners, CFTR modulators, and combination therapy
  • Airway clearance techniques- It helps in getting rid of the mucus and involves chest therapy or percussion and oscillating devices
  • Physical therapy- It includes breathing exercises such as autogenic drainage, and an active cycle for breathing.

Why should you choose Rukmani Birla Hospital for cystic fibrosis treatment?

Rukmani Birla Hospital is one of the most evolved multi-special hospitals in Jaipur. We as a hospital proficiently have achieved a distinguishable name within and beyond the vicinity. Our team of healthcare professionals ensures catering to the patient’s health exceptionally.

The main aim of our healthcare service is to deliver a wide range of high-quality and advanced health services consenting us to enhance the health structure. So, if you are seeking cystic fibrosis treatment, ensure to get in touch with us for professional assistance.


Can people with cystic fibrosis have children?

Yes, usually people with cystic fibrosis achieve pregnancy, however, it can cause complications before and during pregnancy.

Is cystic fibrosis polygenic?

No, cystic fibrosis has been categorised as monogenic autosomal recessive disease.

Is cystic fibrosis a recessive gene?

Yes, cystic fibrosis is considered to be inherited in an autosomal recessive pattern.


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