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Home > Blogs > The various types of lung infections, diseases and their symptoms

The various types of lung infections, diseases and their symptoms

Pulmonology | Posted on 04/27/2022 by RBH


Lung infections and diseases are common in the entire world these days. The rise in pollution and unhealthy habits such as smoking and vehicular pollution, and industrial pollution have increased the cases of lung infections and disease to a vast extent. Usually in lung disease that affects the pathway that transports air in the body through tiny tubes called the bronchioles that together affect the alveoli or the air sacs affecting breathing.

Some of the lung infections include:

Pneumonia

Pneumonia is basically an infection of the lungs, this gets filled with fluid or pass which causes respiratory issues and coughing that is full of phlegm or pus. It can occur in infants to younger children and older people above the age of 60; people are at a greater risk of having pneumonia than other people. People with other health problems and a weak immune system are also at risk of having it.

Symptoms:

The signs of pneumonia vary from person to person depending upon the spread of the infection, the age of the person, and the similarity of the health condition of that person. Some of the signs and symptoms might include:

  • Chest pain
  • Fatigue
  • Severe coughing with phlegm
  • Fever and chills
  • Lack of mental awareness in older individuals
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Difficulty in eating

Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis is a severe infectious disease that affects the lung and is widely found all across the globe, especially in developing countries. It is a contagious disease that can be spread from one person to another via droplet infection through cough and sneezing. There is various number of Tuberculosis each of which has a different course of treatment. According to the best lung specialist doctor in Jaipur, it can also affect various parts of the body including the Kidneys, brain uterus, etc People with active tuberculosis usually require different types of medication that are to be taken regularly without failing even a single dose of medicine in order to get rid of the infection and have resistance and antibodies for the infection.

Symptoms:

  • Fever
  • Fatigue
  • Night sweats
  • Sudden weight loss
  • Loss of appetite
  • Chest pain
  • Breathing issues
  • Severe coughing ( blood in cough)
  • Night sweats
  • Chills

Bronchitis

In Bronchitis there is an inflammation in the lining of the bronchial tubes that carries air in and out of the lungs. Bronchitis can be either acute or chronic and people suffering from it usually cough with mucus. This type of respiratory infection often develops due to some kind of irritation as it affects the inflammation of the lining of the bronchial tube which is usually caused due to excessive smoking. After noticing the symptoms one must consult the lung specialist for expert assistance and treatment.

Symptoms:

  • Fatigue
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest pain
  • Discomfort in chest
  • Production of excess mucus
  • Coughing with mucus
  • Fever and chills

Emphysema

Emphysema is a condition that usually causes damage to air sacs in the lungs. Due to the damage in the air sacs, it becomes weak and ruptured creating larger air spaces that reduce the surface area for the exchange of gases. As it causes air to trap that leaves no room for fresh oxygenated air to enter this becomes a very dangerous condition as it obstructs the breathing and exchange of gases. Emphysema is a type of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease that is usually caused due to smoking. The treatment can slow down the damage but it cannot reverse what is already being done.

Symptoms:

One can have emphysema for years without noting any kind of signs of symptoms. Some of the symptoms include:

  • Heavy breathing
  • Shortness of breath
  • Lack of mental alertness
  • Lips and fingernails turn blue
  • Fatigue
  • Production of mucus for a long time
  • Wheezing
  • Weakness and feeling of lack of energy