Tuberculosis also known as TB is a bacterial infection causing infection in the lungs and other tissues. It majorly affects the lungs but also can affect other organs such as kidneys, brain, and spine. It is a contagious infection and Mycobacterium Tuberculosis is the primary cause. The bacteria spread through air droplets and TB can be fatal, however, in most cases, it is preventable and curable. Tuberculosis can be passed on through coughs and sneezes.
There are several tuberculosis symptoms which can be seen in its early stage and they are:
Mycobacterium tuberculosis is the primary cause of tuberculosis because it is infected through infected droplets in the air. If droplets enter the air once, anyone can catch the virus. Someone can transmit TB bacteria by sneezing, coughing, speaking, and singing.
Tuberculosis diagnosis involves two kinds of tests which are the Mantoux tuberculin skin test and a blood test known as interferon-gamma release assay (IGRA). Other tests which are usually ordered to determine the infection are lab tests on sputum and lung fluid, blood tests, chest X-ray, and computed tomography (CT) scans.
Tuberculosis is curable with on-time diagnosis and the right antibiotics. The antibiotic type and treatment entirely depend on the age of the patient, overall health, whether the patient has latent or active TB, and if the TB strain is drug resistant. Doctors usually recommend different medications for the treatment of tuberculosis such as Isoniazid, Rifampin, Rifapentine, Pyrazinamide, etc.
It is important to take the medication as prescribed to kill the bacterium. There are certain forms of TB which are resistant to medications and the doctor must recommend more than one drug to treat TB.
Here are tips that can help to prevent tuberculosis:
Rukmani Birla Hospital, Jaipur, multispecialty healthcare service must be your number one choice if you are planning for tuberculosis treatment. We are a multi-special and NABH-accredited hospital offering matchless care to our patients for years now. For every health problem or severe health condition, we have departments incorporating the professionals and most experienced doctors in the field. The team not only holds experience in their areas but also is well-informed about the latest and advanced technologies. With our integrated smart state-of-the-art technology, we are not only offering quick and affordable healthcare services but also accuracy is ensured with utmost satisfaction among the patients.
Yes, tuberculosis is very contagious and can spread easily once the air is infected with the bacterium.
Tuberculosis conditions spread through the air and from one infected person to another non-infected individuals. TB bacteria is passed through the air and easily enters through breathing organs into the lungs of an individual.
The causative agent of tuberculosis is Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
Covid 19 treatment | Patient Testimonial | Dr. Rakesh Godara | Rukmani Birla Hospital, Jaipur
Patient Testimonial | Mr. Dinesh Chandra Agarwal | CK Birla RBH
Tuberculosis or TB is a contagious bacterial infection which primarily attacks the lungs or throat but can spread to other parts of the body such as brain and spine.
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