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Lung Cancer

What is Lung Cancer?

Lung cancer is identified to be among the third most common medical conditions and is the leading cause of cancer deaths across the world. It begins in the lungs and keeps spreading to other body parts. People who smoke are at the highest risk of developing lung cancer, however, it can affect people who never smoked as well. The lung cancer risk keeps increasing with the time length and the number of cigarettes an individual is smoking or has smoked. Hence, doctors recommend quitting smoking because even after smoking for years, it is easy to significantly reduce the probability of developing lung cancer.

Lung cancer stages

There are four different types of lung cancer stages which are:

  • Stage 1: It affects the lung and doesn’t spread outside the lung
  • Stage 2: Nearby lymph nodes are affected by this stage
  • Stage 3: Affects lymph nodes in the middle of the chest.
  • Stage 3A: Affects lymph nodes, but only on the same side of the chest where lung cancer started developing
  • Stage 3B: Spreads to lymph nodes on the chest’s opposite side or to lymph nodes above the collarbone
  • Stage 4: Spreads to both lungs or distant organs.

Lung cancer symptoms

The lung cancer symptoms include:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Bone pain
  • Headache
  • Losing weight unintentionally
  • Coughing up blood
  • New cough which doesn’t go away
  • Hoarseness

Lung cancer causes

One of the most common lung cancer causes is smoking tobacco. According to a study, it is found that more than 80% of lung cancer deaths occur due to smoking. However, this is not the only cause, there are others which include:

  • Exposure to passive smoking
  • Inherited or acquired genetic variations
  • Environmental factors like air pollution
  • Exposure to chemicals like asbestos, diesel exhaust, and radon

Lung cancer diagnosis

Lung cancer diagnosis are initiated by a healthcare professional by assessing the physical health and depending on the symptoms, here are tests that might be ordered:

  • Computed tomography or CT scan
  • Imaging tests
  • Sputum cytology
  • Tissue sample
  • Bronchoscopy
  • Mediastinoscopy
  • Lung needle biopsy

Lung cancer treatment

Lung cancer treatment depends on several factors which includes cancer type, location and stage, person’s overall health, and their individual preferences. The healthcare professional involves different treatment options such as:

  • Surgery- helps to remove all lung parts
  • Chemotherapy- a drug treatment that helps in killing cancer cells and shrinking tumours
  • Radiation therapy- involves the use of energy rays for killing cancerous cells
  • Radiofrequency ablation- it involves the insertion of a thin needle and using an electric current for destroying the cancer cells
  • Targeted therapy- It targets the particular behaviour to avert tumour development
  • Immunotherapy- helps in fighting the cancer cells
  • Palliative therapy-includes oxygen therapy, pain relief and manage the symptoms successfully

Why should you choose Rukmani Birla Hospital for lung cancer treatment?

Rukmani Birla Hospital Jaipur is among the prominent multispecialty hospitals providing services to patients for years now. We have incorporated a team of healthcare professionals having years of experience in their specific departments. They put their best efforts to offer best care to ensure the best outcomes. We have integrated the latest and advanced technological equipment in our hospital that not only benefits in offering the reliable and fast services but also cost-effective healthcare services as well to the patients. The team is well-versed in advanced technology and always ready to go the extra mile for the patients. So, if you are seeking lung cancer treatment, look no further and book your appointment with us.


Is lung cancer curable?

Yes, with early intervention and proper diagnosis, lung cancer can be treated.

Can stage 4 lung cancer be cured?

No cure is available for stage 4 lung cancer but there are options which help in relieving the symptoms and prolonging life.

How to test yourself for lung cancer?

The only way you can detect lung cancer yourself is by identifying the symptoms such as:

  • Sudden weight loss
  • Hoarseness
  • Chest pain
  • Cough
  • Regular lung infections