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What is Hemoptysis?

Hemoptysis is a medical condition in which an individual experiences coughing up of blood or blood-stained sputum from his/her respiratory tract. It occurs due to bleeding in the lungs or airways, causing the blood present in the phlegm or mucus that is expelled by a patient while coughing. 

Hemoptysis can vary in extent, ranging from small streaks and blood flecks in the sputum to huge amounts of bright red or frothy blood. With the color and the amount of blood, it becomes easier to gain some hints about the underlying hemoptysis causes. In certain cases, an individual might experience other symptoms as well accompanying the bleeding like breath shortness.


Hemoptysis symptoms

The specific hemoptysis symptoms experienced might vary on the underlying cause and the seriousness of the condition. Have a look at some of the primary symptoms of hemoptysis:

  • Cough
  • Blood in sputum
  • Chest pain
  • Shortness of breath
  • Wheezing
  • Fatigue and weakness

Hemoptysis causes

Hemoptysis causes range from mild to more severe and possibly life-threatening. There are certain conditions contributing to become the primary cause of hemoptysis such as:

Hemoptysis diagnosis

Hemoptysis diagnosis is initiated by a doctor through a combination of medical history assessment, physical examination, and diagnostic tests. Here are some of the tests which helps in diagnosing hemoptysis:

  • Medical History
  • Physical Examination
  • Diagnostic Tests such as Chest X-ray,. CT Scan: Computed tomography (CT) scan, Bronchoscopy, Blood Tests, and Sputum Culture
  • Further Investigations like bronchial artery angiography

Hemoptysis treatment

Hemoptysis treatment depends on the underlying cause and the seriousness of the condition. Generally, treatment options recommended to treat the condition are:

  • Supportive Care: Cases of hemoptysis which are mild and not life-threatening, in such cases, there might be a need for supportive care only. It involves preventive measures such as rest, hydration, and avoiding activities that could lead to excessive coughing.


  • Medications: It is recommended for mild to moderate cases and involves options like cough suppressants, bronchodilators and antibiotics.
  • Specific Interventions: Minor procedures are involved when medications and supportive care is not working well. It involves bronchial artery embolization and bronchoscopic interventions. 
  • Surgical Interventions: In serious cases, there might be a need for surgical interventions such as thoracic surgery and lung resection.

Why should you choose Rukmani Birla Hospital for Hemoptysis treatment?

Rukmani Birla Hospital, Jaipur is among the eminent multi-special hospitals operating in the city for decades. The hospital has integrated the most amazing and experienced doctors including other staff members. We ensure dedicating ourselves to offering exceptional and satisfactory patient care. The primary objective behind the inception of this hospital is to make healthcare services available to everyone at an affordable cost including the finest treatment. So, if you are recommended for hemoptysis treatment, then get in touch with our most skilled and highly talented healthcare professionals at RBH.


What precautions should you take to prevent hemoptysis?

The most important measure you need to take is to quit smoking to prevent hemoptysis.

What are the common targeted areas of hemoptysis?

Hemoptysis commonly targets bronchial and pulmonary arteries.