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Vaginal Yeast Infection- Symptoms, Causes & Treatment

Home > Blogs > Vaginal Yeast Infection- Symptoms, Causes & Treatment

Vaginal Yeast Infection- Symptoms, Causes & Treatment

Obstetrics and Gynaecology | by Dr. Samir Kumar Ray | Published on 12/09/2023


Have you ever experienced a vaginal yeast infection? If yes, then certainly you might be aware that it is a fungal infection type. Your body has a type of yeast known as candida causing these kinds of infections. Yeast is a kind of fungus and candida is a particular yeast type. There are no issues when there is a yeast balance within your body. However, when this balance is interrupted, it begins to develop fast which means a yeast infection. 

Options are there for vaginal yeast infection treatment like antifungal medication which we will include in the write-up further. Other than treatment, you will also find the comprehensive discussion on its symptoms, causes, and diagnosis below. Please note that this blog is for informative purposes and is entirely research-based. We do not interfere with the consultation of a healthcare professional.You can book your appointment with the best gynecologist in Kolkata at one of the best multispecialty hospitals, The Calcutta Medical Research Institute, which offers the most exceptional patient care and healthcare services. 

What is a Vaginal Yeast Infection?

A vaginal yeast infection is a condition caused by fungi leading to irritation, vaginal discharge, and severe itchiness in the vagina and vulva. The vulva and vagina are the tissues in the opening of the vagina. 

Vaginal yeast infection also known as vaginal candidiasis affects around three out of four females once in their life. According to a study, it is found that most females experience around two episodes of vaginal yeast infection. It is not known as a sexually transmitted infection but there is an enhanced risk of vaginal yeast infection in the initial activity of sexual activity. 

Researchers have also discovered some evidence related to vaginal infection which suggests that it might be interlinked with mouth-to-genital contact as well. There are medications that help in treating vaginal yeast infections. There might be a requirement for longer treatment if you have recently experienced recurrent episodes of vaginal yeast infections.

What are Vaginal Yeast Infection Symptoms?

Vaginal yeast infection symptoms vary from mild to moderate or moderate to severe. Here are some of the common usually experienced by females: 

  • Vaginal and vulva itchiness along with the irritation
  • Feeling of burning sensation mainly while indulging in sexual activity and while urination 
  • Vulva swelling and redness 
  • Soreness and pain in the vagina 
  • Rashes in the vagina 
  • Vaginal discharge that is thick and white without any odor 
  • Watery discharge in the vagina 

What are Vaginal Yeast Infection Causes?

One of the primary vaginal yeast infections causes is fungus candida albicans. Your vagina has a balanced mix of yeast, bacteria, and candida. There is a bacteria named Lactobacillus that helps to avert yeast production. However, the balance can be interrupted. If there is a development of candida or fungus penetration into the layers of the deep vaginal area, then it leads to yeast infections. Some vaginal yeast infection reasons are there that can cause complications. Here are some of the causes of vaginal yeast infections: 

  • You have come across the signs like swelling, itchiness, sores, cracks, redness, etc. 
  • You have experienced yeast infections more than four times in a year 
  • A typical type of fungus is the main reason for infection caused by you 
  • You are pregnant 
  • You have a weak immune system due to medications
  • Diabetes is not under control

How is Vaginal Yeast Infection diagnosed?

A vaginal yeast infection diagnosis initiated by a healthcare professional is followed by including some tests. After knowing the patient and their symptoms, here is how the doctor will confirm the yeast infection diagnosis: 

  • In the very first step, the doctor will gain information about your medical history. It might involve gaining information linked to earlier yeast infections or sexually transmitted infections
  • Performing a pelvic exam is the next step to diagnose yeast infections in the vagina. The doctor involves assessing the outer genitals to look for infection signs. To examine the vagina, the doctor will use an instrument called a speculum as it assists in confirming the diagnosis. 
  • Testing vaginal secretions is also included in the vaginal yeast infection diagnosis. The doctor will involve sending your vaginal fluid sample to identify the fungus type leading to this condition. Knowing the cause will assist your doctor to plan the treatment options. 

What are the options for vaginal yeast infection treatment?

Vaginal yeast infection treatment entirely relies on the seriousness and your infection's frequency. Here are the treatment options for cases that are mild to moderate:

  • Short-course vaginal therapy is one of the treatment options to treat vaginal yeast infections. The doctor might give you medication for three to seven days. This will help in clearing the infection. Antifungal medications are also recommended which include ointments, creams, drugs, etc. Usually, doctors recommend medications like miconazole and terconazole including other over-the-counter drugs. 
  • Single-dose medication is recommended in which your doctor gives you a one-time medication of diflucan. It is not recommended for patients who are pregnant. 

It is recommended to get in touch with a doctor if the condition is not resolved within a month or two. If your condition is serious, then here are the treatment options for vaginal yeast infections: 

  • First, long-course vaginal therapy is recommended which involves antifungal medication. It is often recommended for around six months. You will be recommended to take it once a week. 
  • Multi-dose oral medication is prescribed. It is recommended in two to three doses however, if you are pregnant, then it is not given. 
  • Azole-resistant therapy, boric acid, and a capsule meant to be inserted in the vagina is recommended. It can be dangerous if consumed orally and is only prescribed to treat candida fungus.


Vaginal yeast infections are a common condition that might occur in females. With immediate treatment options, it can be treated early. The doctor might recommend medications and you might notice symptoms going away within a few days. You must be aware of the risk factor as it can help you avert infections in the future. Make sure to consult your doctor if you experience recurrent yeast infections lasting more than two months.



How to get rid of vaginal yeast infection?

The fastest and quicker way to get rid of vaginal yeast infection is by visiting a doctor and understanding your treatment options. Make sure to take the medications as recommended by your doctor. 

How to treat vaginal yeast infection?

For the treatment of vaginal yeast infection, your doctor might recommend antifungal medications including creams and ointments to relieve the symptoms. 

What is the best supplement to get rid of yeast infection?

Lactobacillus rhamnosus is the best supplement to get rid of the yeast infections.