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What Is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a chronic medical condition characterised by high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood. This can lead to a variety of health problems, including heart disease, kidney damage, nerve damage, and blindness. Diabetes affects millions of people worldwide, and it is important to manage the condition to prevent complications.

Diabetes is a common medical condition which can affect people of all age groups. The symptoms, causes, and treatment of diabetes can vary depending on the type and severity of the condition. Managing diabetes requires ongoing care and attention to maintain healthy blood sugar levels and prevent complications. Contact us to book an appointment with some of our leading specialists for the best diabetes treatment in Kolkata.

What Are The Types Of Diabetes?

There are several types of diabetes categorised based on th severity of the condition. The most common types of diabetes include - 

  • Type-1 diabetes
  • Type-2 diabetes
  • Prediabetes
  • Gestational diabetes
  • Type 3c diabetes
  • Latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA)
  • Maturity-onset diabetes of the young (MODY)
  • Neonatal diabetes
  • Brittle diabetes

What Are The Symptoms Associated With Diabetes?

The symptoms of diabetes can vary depending on the type and severity of the condition. Some common symptoms of diabetes include:

  • Increased thirst and urination
  • Fatigue
  • Blurred vision
  • Slow healing of cuts and wounds
  • Numbness or tingling in the hands or feet
  • Weight loss (in cases of type 1 diabetes)
  • Increased hunger (in cases of type 2 diabetes)

What Are The Causes Of Diabetes?

The causes of diabetes can vary depending on the type of the condition. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease in which the immune system attacks and destroys the cells in the pancreas that produce insulin. Insulin is a hormone that helps to regulate blood sugar levels.

Type 2 diabetes occurs when the body becomes resistant to the effects of insulin, or when the pancreas is unable to produce enough insulin to regulate blood sugar levels. This type of diabetes is often linked to obesity, a sedentary lifestyle, and a poor diet.

Other types of diabetes include gestational diabetes (which occurs during pregnancy) and secondary diabetes (which is caused by other medical conditions or medications).

When To Consult The Doctor For Diabetes?

Get in touch with a doctor for your diabetes if you notice any possible symptoms which do not improve with time. The earlier this condition is diagnosed, more effective the treatment can be.

What Are The Diagnostic Tests For Diabetes?

Diabetes is typically diagnosed through blood tests that measure the levels of glucose in the blood. A fasting blood glucose test, oral glucose tolerance test, or A1C test may be used to diagnose diabetes.

In some cases, additional tests may be necessary to determine the type and cause of diabetes. These may include tests to measure insulin levels, tests to assess pancreatic function, and tests to evaluate for other medical conditions that may be contributing to high blood sugar levels.

What Are The Treatment Options For Diabetes?

The treatment of diabetes depends on the type and severity of the condition. The aim of diabetes treatment is to maintain healthy blood sugar levels and prevent complications.

For type 1 diabetes, insulin therapy is necessary to regulate blood sugar levels. This may involve regular injections of insulin or the use of an insulin pump. For type 2 diabetes, lifestyle changes (such as exercise and dietary modifications) may be effective in managing the condition in its early stages. In some cases, oral or injectable medications (such as insulin) may be necessary to regulate blood sugar levels.

It is also important to manage other health conditions that may be contributing to diabetes, such as high blood pressure and high cholesterol.

Why Choose CMRI for The Treatment Of Diabetes?

The Calcutta Medical Research Institute (CMRI) is one of the largest multispecialty hospitals in Kolkata. Our hospital is equipped with state-of-the-art technology, revolutionising the healthcare industry for the best surgical outcomes.

In addition, CMRI has several eminent specialists, doctors and healthcare providers of national and international reputations for comprehensive and personalised treatment. CMRI provides patient-centric care and empathy from internationally trained nurses to ensure holistic care for patients seeking treatment for diabetes. Here are a few advantages of choosing CMRI for diabetes treatment- 

  • Highly qualified and experienced doctors
  • 440-bed capacity along with cutting-edge technology and the latest medical equipment
  • Hygienic and patient-friendly infrastructure
  • Thorough screening and diagnosis
  • Transparent Pricing Structure for cost-effective treatment
  • Patient-centric, high-quality care for a high success rate
  • Pain management and palliative care
  • Complete and coordinated care for patients with all types of cancers.


How to prevent diabetes?

Consider the following tips for prevention against diabetes -

  • Eating healthy diet
  • Increasing physical activity
  • Maintain a healthy body weight
  • Managing your stress
  • Limit alcohol intake
  • Get adequate sleep (typically 7 to 9 hours)
  • Quit smoking or consuming alcohol
  • Take regular medications as directed by the healthcare provider

Is banana good for diabetes?

Patients diagnosed with diabetes must include a variety of fresh, nutrient-dense fruits and vegetables in their diet. Eating bananas in moderate amounts can be beneficial in many ways, and also for people suffering from early signs of diabetes.

Can diabetes be cured?

There is currently no cure for diabetes which can permanently reverse the effect of the disease. However, there are certain treatment options which can help patients manage the symptoms of diabetes.

Can patients with diabetes eat date fruits?

Dates are known to have an immense nutritional value and have a low glycemic index ranging from 35 to 55. Hence, two to three dates a day can benefit patients with diabetes.

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