Gynecomastia (also referred to as male boobs) is a condition wherein the glandular tissues of the male chest become enlarged resulting in a women-like enlarged breast appearance. Either one or both the breasts of the males can be affected by this condition. Males with swollen breast tissues become emotionally distressed and lose their self-confidence as they start to feel social embarrassment.
This condition is caused due to the accumulation of fat and enlarged muscle tissues in the chest area of males and cannot be treated with medications. It can be treated surgically by removing the excess glandular tissue, fat, or/and skin. Gynecomastia surgery can help the patient who has been suffering from gynecomastia for a long time achieve a better-proportioned, masculine chest. Liposuction, in case of surplus fat deposits in the male breasts, can be performed along with the surgery to remove enlarged breast tissue to provide the best results with minimal scarring.
Calcutta Medical Research Institute (CMRI) is one of the leading multispecialty hospitals in Kolkata and its department of plastic and reconstructive surgery offers the best cosmetic and plastic surgical procedures that help patients to achieve the desired aesthetic look and even reconstructive surgeries are also performed like rhinoplasty (septoplasty), blepharoplasty, breast reconstruction, tummy tuck, breast reduction, body lift, ear trauma surgery, burn management, and many more.
It occurs mainly due to hormonal imbalances in the body i.e. presence of high levels of male estrogen (a hormone that controls the traits of females including their breast growth) as compared to testosterone (a hormone that controls the male traits like muscle mass and body hair). Other possible causative factors could be:
The ideal candidates for gynecomastia surgery include:
Preparation for the surgery: The suitable candidate for gynecomastia surgery must consult an expert plastic surgeon in Kolkata who will evaluate the patient's overall health. Some blood tests may be prescribed for this purpose. After medically reviewing the patient, the surgeon may adjust his current medications (excluding the intake of inflammatory drugs and recreational drugs) and even prescribe some new drugs before surgery. The surgeon would recommend the patient stop smoking and alcohol consumption throughout the treatment.
During gynecomastia surgery: Gynecomastia surgery is a daycare surgery carried out under local or general anesthesia which is given 30-45 minutes before the surgery begins. The procedure may vary depending on the type of gynecomastia condition (i.e. Pseudogynecomastia and True gynecomastia). Liposuction (a minimally-invasive technique) is usually performed in the case of Pseudogynecomastia condition to get rid of the excess fat accumulated in the male chest. It is carried out by making a small incision in the lateral chest wall and inserting a cannula to melt the fat and remove it by suction. True gynecomastia can only be treated by surgical excision of the excess glandular tissues. State-of-the-art equipment techniques are also nowadays that can be used for breaking the gland and the fragmented tissues are removed through the small cut made in the lateral or side chest wall. Excess skin (if too much) is excised to resize the areola. In some cases, there is no need for skin excision, Radiofrequency can be used to tighten the skin and enhance the chest contour.
Recovery after surgery: The patient might have to face some temporary discomfort, swelling, and bruising that may last for about 2 days. The daily routine can be followed a day after the surgery. It is recommended that desk job work shall be continued only after 3 days post-surgery. The patient shall wear compression garments for a few weeks to maintain the new chest contours. Vigorous physical activities or sudden movements like lifting weights shall be avoided for some time till the surgeon gives consent.
It is important to get surgery performed by an expert plastic and cosmetic surgeon who can customize the treatment based on patient requirements and offer them the desired results. To know more about gynecomastia or male breast reduction surgery consult now with the expert plastic and cosmetic surgeons at CMRI, the top hospital in Kolkata.