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Nose Surgery

What is Nose Surgery (Rhinoplasty)?

Rhinoplasty or nose surgery is a surgical procedure to change the appearance of the nose. The procedure can be done either for cosmetic or medical reasons. The procedure can reduce or reshape the nose, and the span of nostrils, and alter the angle between the nose and the upper lip. While the rhinoplasty procedure is majorly performed as a cosmetic procedure, some patients also undergo the surgery for medical purposes. Get in touch with us to book an appointment with some of the best cosmetic surgeons for effective rhinoplasty (nose surgery) surgery.


What are the Different Types of Nose Surgeries?

Depending on the outcome of the procedure, the patients may undergo nose surgeries for aesthetic purposes where the shape of the nose is altered for enhanced appearance. Alternatively, nose surgery can also be performed for medical reasons for improved airflow through the nose. Different types of nose surgeries include the following -

  • Septoplasty
  • Rhinoplasty (nose cosmetic surgery)

The surgeon may perform different types of rhinoplasty which include open rhinoplasty (open structure rhinoplasty) and closed rhinoplasty.

When to See a Doctor for Rhinoplasty?

Since rhinoplasty is a cosmetic procedure, there are no underlying symptoms associated before the surgery. You can consult the doctor for your rhinoplasty procedure in case you want to enhance the appearance of the nose. In case you are suffering from breathing issues, you can also undergo rhinoplasty followed by a septoplasty which is done for medical reasons. 

How To Prepare For Rhinoplasty?

Before the rhinoplasty procedure, initial consultation with the doctor involves a discussion regarding your current condition and the expectations from the surgery. The doctor discusses the method of rhinoplasty and the possible outcome based on your goals. This type of patient-focused approach help patients achieves better results. Also, the doctor may perform a comprehensive diagnosis to know the extent of the nasal deviation. Diagnosis involves physical examinations, image screening, and discussion of the expectations from the rhinoplasty procedure. 

Subsequently, the cosmetic surgeon provides a set of pre-surgery tips to guide you before the procedure and prevent any complications. Here are some pre-surgery instructions which can help you prepare for rhinoplasty and ensure a smooth surgery experience and a quick recovery -

  • Discuss your history of chronic medical condition(s) and surgical procedures with the doctor
  • Stop smoking and consuming alcohol a week before the surgery as they can increase the recovery time
  • Inform your doctor in case you have a history of bleeding disorders
  • Wear loose-fitting and comfortable clothes which do not put pressure on the surgical site
  • Do not eat or drink 8 to 9 hours prior to the surgery. It is generally recommended to not take any meal post-midnight. 
  • Inform your doctor of any ongoing medications and history of an allergic reaction to anesthesia to avoid complications during the procedure 
  • Take antibiotics or prescribed medications prior to the surgery as directed by the doctor

What Happens During The Rhinoplasty Procedure?

During the procedure, the anesthesia doctor administers local or general anesthisia to sedate the patient. Depending on the type of rhinoplasty, the surgeon makes an incision inside the nose in case of closed surgery or across the columella in case of open surgery. The surgeon raises the skin which covers the nasal tissues and cartilage through this incision to gain access to the internal structure of the nose.

The surgeon begins to reshape the nose according to the preference and requirement of the patient. In some cases, the surgeon may need to add cartilage grafts to enhance the shape and size of the nose. If necessary, patients may also have to undergo septoplasty to correct the deviated septum. This procedure is done to improve breathing and provide relief from chronic symptoms of allergies, and nasal congestion. 

Subsequently, the surgeon sculpts the nose into the shape, the incisions are closed using surgical sutures. The surgeon may also place splints or gauze to support the nose after the procedure for healing. 

Recovering After Rhinoplasty

Recovery time after rhinoplasty varies depending on the medical condition of the patient and the outcome of the procedure. After the rhinoplasty procedure, you will be taken to the recovery room where a team of medical professionals will analyse your progress. The surgeon places a splint into the nasal cavity to help the nose retain its new shape and stabilise the septum.

Once the procedure is successfully done, the patient’s health is monitored for a few hours. If the surgeon does not suspect any sign of complication, the patient is relieved shortly after the procedure. Additionally, the doctor will prescribe medications and dietary tips for a speedy recovery. Here are some post-operative tips after the rhinoplasty surgery - 

  • Relax as much as you can, ideally with your head propped up.
  • Do not smoke or consume excess alcohol
  • Do not blow or sneeze through the nose for at least 7-10 days. Sneezes must be channelled through the open mouth.
  • Take regular medications for the swelling, bruising and mild discomfort until the doctor’s prescription. Avoid strenuous activity and heavy lifting. 
  • Take baths instead of showers while there are bandages on your nose
  • Eat high-fibre foods, such as fruits and vegetables to avoid constipation. Constipation can put strain and pressure on the nasal cavity
  • Since the skin becomes extra sensitive, limit your exposure to the sun
  • Go for regular health checkups.

Why Choose CMRI for Rhinoplasty Procedure in Kolkata?

The Calcutta Medical Research Institute (CMRI) is one of the largest multispecialty hospitals in Kolkata. Our hospital is equipped with state-of-the-art technology which has revolutionized the healthcare industry for the best surgical outcomes. 

In addition, our hospital has several eminent physicians, surgeons, and healthcare providers of national and international reputation for comprehensive and personalized treatment. CMRI provides patient-centric care and empathy from internationally trained nurses to ensure holistic care for patients seeking effective nose reshaping surgery. Here are a few advantages of choosing CMRI for your rhinoplasty (nose cosmetic surgery) - 

  • Highly qualified and experienced cosmetic surgeons
  • 440-bed capacity along with cutting-edge technology and the latest medical equipment
  • Hygienic and patient-friendly infrastructure
  • Screening and diagnosis
  • Transparent Pricing Structure for cost-effective treatment
  • Patient-centric high-quality care for a high success rate
  • Pain management and palliative care
  • Complete and coordinated care for patients with all types of cancers.


What is the surgical time of rhinoplasty?

The surgical duration of rhinoplasty (nose surgery) is usually 2 to 3 hours depending on the medical condition of the patient and the surgical expertise of the surgeon. Some patients may also additionally undergo septoplasty which can take several more hours.

When is rhinoplasty required?

People often undergo rhinoplasty procedures for cosmetic reasons. Possible changes that the surgeon can make to your nose through the procedure involve - 

  • Change in the size
  • Change in the angle
  • Narrowing of the nostrils
  • Straightening of the bridge
  • Reshaping of the tip

What is the recovery time after the rhinoplasty procedure?

Rhinoplasty recovery time varies depending on the extent of correction. However, most patients recover after 7 to 1o day post-surgery. In case the correction is minor, the patient can resume their work or daily routine within a week after the procedure. However, it is advisable to consult with the doctor before resuming daily activities to reduce the risk of the surgery.

Is the rhinoplasty procedure painful?

No, the patient is given local or general anesthesia depending on the type of rhinoplasty. However, there may be slight pain or discomfort around the site of the incision as the effect of anesthesia wears off.

Whom should I consult for my rhinoplasty symptoms?

Since rhinoplasty is an aesthetic procedure, a plastic surgeon specializes in performing nose cosmetic surgery. However, if rhinoplasty is done for medical reasons, it is advisable to consult an ENT surgeon. ENT surgeon diagnoses and treats medical disorders related to the ear, nose, and throat.

What are the possible complications of rhinoplasty?

Rhinoplasty is a safe cosmetic procedure with promising outcomes. However, depending on the medical condition of the patient and the extent of the outcome, there are rare chances of complications - 

  • Breathing difficulties
  • Nosebleeds
  • Chances of infection
  • Permanent numbness in and around your nose
  • Pain, discolouration and swelling around the surgical site
  • Reaction to anesthesia
  • An asymmetrical nose
  • Visible scars
  • Septal perforation

What different adjustments can be made with the rhinoplasty procedure?

Depending on the desired outcome of the procedure, rhinoplasty procedure involves the following adjustments -

  • Make a bump smooth on the bridge of the nose
  • Make a crooked nose straight
  • Reduce the nose’s length
  • Adjust the nasal tip or size
  • Reduce the size or width of the nose
  • Corrections related to injury such as restoring nasal symmetry
  • Improving breathing difficulties by removing nasal congestion

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