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Keloids / Skin Tumors

What is a keloid?

A keloid is a skin-related condition that causes thick raised scars. One can experience keloid in any part of the skin if there is an injury. However, it often forms on areas like the chest, cheeks, earlobes, or shoulders. When the patient suspects that they are prone to grow keloid, then they can get them in other places as well. The scar caused by a keloid is not dangerous to physical health but might lead to causing anxiety and stress-like situation. Prevention or treating keloid early is the best option. The treatment for a keloid scar is probable. Patients must ensure consulting a healthcare professional about the tips that can help in flattening or removing it. It is important to note that even after the treatment, a keloid can reoccur again after some time.

Keloid Symptoms

Keloid develops because of scar tissue overgrowth and is larger than the real wound. It usually takes a few weeks to months to completely grow. It is vital to be mindful of the keloid symptoms so that treatment can be considered on time. Here are some of the common symptoms: 

  • Scarring that is thick and often affects the skin around the cheeks, shoulders, earlobes, or middle chest. 
  • Skin that is lumpy, hairless, or raised 
  • Different size depends on the injury size when the keloid is growing ‘
  • The scar is of different textures that are soft, firm, or rubbery ‘
  • They can be different in color like red, purple, or brown 
  • Itchiness 
  • Discomfort

When to see a doctor ?

Treatment for keloid in its initial stage helps in reducing growth. It is important to consult a doctor immediately after any kind of scar is noticed. If the patients intend to treat the scar they have had for a while, then it is recommended to consult a dermatologist specialist in skin conditions.

Keloid causes 

Healthcare professionals couldn’t find yet what are the causes of keloid. However, most doctors agree that it is probably caused by wound-healing process dysfunction. The primary trigger of keloid is skin injuries. At times, keloids can be formed without any reason, however, they are not cancerous or transmissible. Here are some skin injuries considered to be the main keloid causes;

  • Vaccination areas
  • Surgical incision areas
  • Burns 
  • Scars Caused by Chickenpox 
  • Scratches 
  • Ear piercing 

According to a study, around ten percent of the population experience scarring caused by keloid. Females and males can equally experience keloid scars. People who have dark skin are more likely to experience scarring.

Keloid Diagnosis

The doctor often can determine whether the patient has keloid by having a look at the targeted skin. The patient might require a biopsy test to rule out the probability of a skin cancer

Keloid Treatment

Keloid treatment entirely depends on the symptoms experienced by an individual. There is the involvement of various approaches that are best suitable for the patient. Here are the treatment options to treat keloids: 

  • Compression dressings are one of the treatment options for keloids that are new for wound care. The method is often involved after surgery for keloid removal. The objective is to reduce or avert a scar by putting pressure on the wound for healing. The dressing should be worn for around twelve to twenty-four hours a day for four to six months or as per the expert instruction. 
  • Corticosteroid creams are recommended by a healthcare professional for keloid treatment. It helps in easing itchiness caused by keloid scarring. 
  • When the patient has a smaller keloid, then the doctor might involve using the injected medication to reduce the thickness with cortisone or steroids. The patient might require injection on a monthly basis for around six months before the scar is flattened. There might be some side effects which include skin changes in color, spider veins, and skin thinning. 
  • Scar freezing is another keloid treatment in which the doctor ensures reduction or removal by freezing them with liquid nitrogen. There might be a need for repetitive treatments. Side effects of cryotherapy involve blisters, losing skin color, and pain. 
  • Large keloids are treated by pulse-dye laser sessions. Laser treatment is useful to ease the itchiness and fading of keloids. Pulsed-dye laser therapy is performed over various sessions for four to eight weeks. The doctor might suggest involving laser therapy with cortisone injections. Some side effects of laser therapy are blisters, crusting, hypopigmentation, and darker skin. 
  • Radiation therapy is also used for keloid treatment in which low-level X-ray radiation or after surgical removal helps in shrinking or minimizing the scar tissue. Repetitive treatments might be required. Some side effects are skin issues.
  • Last, surgical removal is the option when keloids don’t respond to therapies. The doctor might consider involving it with other methods. It has a recurring chance of 45-100%.

Why should you choose CMRI for keloid treatment?

The Calcutta Medical Research Institute (CMRI) is one of the largest multispecialty hospitals in Kolkata. Our hospital is equipped with state-of-the-art technology, revolutionizing the healthcare industry for the best surgical outcomes. In addition, CMRI has several eminent specialists, doctors, and healthcare providers of national and international reputations for comprehensive and personalized treatment. CMRI provides patient-centric care and empathy from internationally trained nurses to ensure holistic care for patients. Here are a few advantages of choosing the CMRI keloids treatment procedure:

  • Highly qualified and experienced doctors
  • 440-bed capacity along with cutting-edge technology and the latest medical equipment
  • Hygienic and patient-friendly infrastructure
  • Thorough screening and diagnosis
  • Transparent Pricing Structure for cost-effective treatment
  • Patient-centric, high-quality care for a high success rate
  • Pain management and palliative care
  • Complete and coordinated care for patients with all types of cancers.


Are keloids curable?

Yes, keloids are curable with on-treatment and early intervention.

Can keloids be removed?

Yes, keloids are removable through different procedures like laser treatment, radiation therapy, and surgical removal.

Is Keloids Cancerous? 

No, keloids aren’t cancerous or contagious.

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