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A heart valve replacement is a surgical procedure to treat conditions associated with the heart valve. The heart is constituted of four pumping chambers: two upper chambers (Atria) and two lower chambers (Ventricles). Valves ensure regular blood flow through the heart. However, when the valves are damaged or diseased, the doctor may recommend heart valve surgery.
During a heart valve procedure, the surgeon repairs or replaces the defective valve(s). Replacing the heart valve can be achieved either by minimally invasive surgery or open heart valve replacement. Cardiologists recommend different types of heart valve procedures depending on the age, medical health of the patient, and severity of the condition.
Depending on the symptoms of the defective heart valve, the cardiologists may recommend open heart valve surgery and a minimally invasive procedure to either repair or replace the heart valves. Additionally, types of heart valve replacement procedures include -
Heart valve surgery can be done to treat different disorders associated with the heart valves. Different issues associated with heart valves include narrowing of the valve (stenosis) or a leak in the valve which can allow the blood to flow backwards. Usually, there are signs and symptoms which can indicate a defect in the heart valve(s) -
Before the procedure, the doctor will provide you with a set of instructions to help you prepare for the surgery and prevent the chances of complications. Here are a few pre-surgery tips which can ensure a smooth surgery experience -
Heart valve surgery aims to restore blood flow to the heart and other parts of the body through surgical intervention. Depending on the type of problem, the doctor may recommend a heart valve repair or replacement procedure. However, doctors often recommend repairing the heart valve when possible to preserve it. In severe cases, valve replacement becomes inevitable.
The patient is given anesthesia before the procedure to ensure a painless procedure. The surgeon can either perform open heart surgery or a minimally invasive procedure to replace or repair the heart valve. A minimally invasive procedure involves keyhole incisions in the chest through which the surgeon inserts his medical instruments. Heart valve repair surgery involves the following -
In the case of a heart valve replacement procedure, the surgeon can perform aortic valve replacement for aortic stenosis (narrowing of the aortic valve). Additionally, open heart valve replacement is being replaced with modern surgical methods like -
After the procedure, you will be shifted to the recovery room where the doctor will monitor your recovery process. A medical team will keep a check on your vitals such as blood pressure, breathing, heart rate, etc. and watch for signs of infections. Subsequently, the doctor will also give you dietary tips and preventive measures for a swift and smooth recovery. Here are some recovery tips which can help you prevent complications after the surgery -
BM Birla Heart Research Centre is a super speciality hospital with modern infrastructure and state-of-the-art technology in Kolkata. BM Birla Heart Research Centre is the only hospital offering super speciality cardiac care in the entire eastern India. With a 200+ bed capacity, cardiac rehabilitation services, cath labs and modular OTs, BM Birla Heart Research Centre has made a mark with its singular focus on the treatment of a variety of cardiac ailments. Here are a few advantages of choosing BM Birla Heart Research Centre for heart valve replacement treatment in Kolkata:
Get in touch with our expert heart specialists at BM Birla Heart Research Centre, Kolkata for complete cardiac care.
Get in touch with a cardiologist in case you are experiencing symptoms of a defective heart valve. Cardiologists specialize in diagnosing and treating conditions related to the heart. Since heart valve defects are common in older people, it is advisable to consult a cardiologist who specializes in treating patients with comorbidities to ensure negligible chances of complications.
Yes, minimally invasive procedures are an effective alternative to the open heart valve replacement method. Minimally invasive techniques offer minute incisions, faster recovery, and almost negligible chances of complications. Discuss your condition with the doctor to know the best option for heart valve surgery.
Heart valve replacement surgery is a major procedure that restores blood flow in the body. However, depending on the severity of the condition and medical health of the patient, there are rare chances of complications -
Blood clots can lead to heart attack, stroke, etc.
Increased chances of recurrence
Cardiovascular problems are one of the most common diseases associated with mortality. Lack of physical activity, modern lifestyle, unhealthy eating habits, lack of nutrition, and various other socio-economic conditions – have increased cardiovascular problems. Even though multiple medical treatments are available to treat heart issues, a pacemaker remains one of the most important advances in providing care for heart patients.
A Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement (TAVR) or Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI) is a surgical method performed to repair a compromised, blocked or narrowed artery which was causing disruption in the blood and oxygen supply to the heart. This surgical procedure is recommended for patients who have higher risk or are too sick, or too old for an open heart surgery.
Heart failure is a serious condition marked by the inefficiency of the heart muscles to pump blood to different parts of the body. Also referred to as congestive heart failure, the condition can prove to be life-threatening if not addressed immediately. Such patients are often recommended to undergo a heart transplant, a surgical procedure that involves the replacement of a diseased or non-functional part of the patient’s heart with a healthy heart taken from a deceased donor.