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What is kidney parenchymal disease and what are its symptoms?

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What is kidney parenchymal disease and what are its symptoms?

Renal Sciences | Posted on 07/11/2022 by Dr. Sheel Bhadra Jain



Kidneys are as small as a walnut in size but perform vital functions in the body without which survival is impossible. The basic function of the kidney is its ability to filter or clean the blood, it removes toxins, excess fluid, and impurities. Further, it helps in controlling blood pressure and maintaining water, sodium, potassium, and phosphorus balance in the body. It also helps to maintain electrolyte balance in the body, helps in the production of red blood cells, and helps to make an active form of Vitamin D which is required for good bone health.

Kidney parenchyma disease or renal parenchyma disease is very dangerous as it affects the renal parenchymal function of the kidney which includes the renal cortex and renal medulla.

The renal cortex is the outer part of the kidney that consists of nephrons; it acts as a primary filter for blood that ultimately passes through the kidney and produces urine. The renal medulla on the other hand comprises tubules and ducts that only help in maintaining the flow of urine and its excretion. Diseases that affect these parts are collectively known as renal parenchymal disease some of them can be congenital while others can be acquired that can lead to renal failures, caused due to diabetes and uncontrolled hypertension.

Parenchymal Kidney Disease can be very dangerous as it affects the function of the kidney which leads to life-threatening conditions such as renal failure in severe cases.

Kidney Parenchymal Disease Causes :

Generally, the primary cause of having parenchymal disease depends from person to person and is usually based upon their lifestyle and their eating habits. Some of the probable causes of kidney parenchymal disease might include:

  • Diabetes
  • Hypertension
  • Kidney stones
  • Viral infections
  • Bacterial infection
  • Family history of having renal diseases
  • Autoimmune diseases
  • Polycystic kidney disease
  • Sepsis
  • Reaction to medications
  • Multiple myeloma
  • Low intake of fluids
  • Excessive consumption of caffeine
  • Excessive consumption of alcohol

Kidney Parenchymal Disease Symptoms:

Any kind of obstruction in the Kidney function leads to severe health-related issues. The symptoms of renal parenchymal disease vary from person to person and the severity of their condition. It is necessary to know the symptoms and warning signs beforehand so that one can seek medical help in time, as early diagnosis of the disease can help in providing better treatment. Some of the common symptoms of kidney parenchymal disease include:

  • Nausea
  • Hypertension
  • Anaemia
  • Blood in urine
  • Itching
  • Loss of appetite
  • Water retention in the body
  • Sudden weight loss
  • Swelling in hands and feet
  • Bone changes
  • Joint swelling and joint pain
  • Shortness of breath
  • Dizziness
  • Frequent night urination
  • Fatigue
  • Weakness

Kidney Parenchymal Disease Treatment :

The treatment for kidney parenchymal disease depends upon the symptoms and the condition of the person. Usually, the treatment includes medications and major  Lifestyle changes that include a well-balanced diet as well. The Doctor usually asks patients to watch their calorie intake, increase physical activity, limit alcohol, and maintain body fluidity by taking optimum fluids, quitting smoking, and consuming a well-balanced diet. The above-mentioned course of treatment helps the patient to recover and prevents renal failure. In cases, where the condition is severe that leads to renal failure in such cases a kidney transplant is necessary for survival.

Rukmani Birla Hospital is one of the top hospitals in Jaipur. We have the best urologists and surgeons who have years of experience in treating kidney disease. 

If you are skeptical about the Kidney transplant cost in Jaipur then need not worry, we have the best facility at the most affordable prices.